Zones: Timeline

Republic of COLOMBIA


Flag or logo since 2009-01-01*
Departamento de NORTE DE SANTANDER (es)
Emblem or Symbol*

President Alvaro Uribe
(ruler of COLOMBIA since 2002-08-07)
Capitals & administrative places*: San Jose of Cucuta
(San José de Cúcuta)
Official & national languages: Spanish (es) .

6 Territories:

CENTRE CENTRE Sub-Region  (Arboledas)Local: Subregión del CENTRO (es)  (Arboledas)
CUCUTA EASTERN Sub-Region : Metropolitan Area of Cucuta-Los Patios-Villa del Rosario  (San Jose of Cucuta)Local: Subregión del ORIENTE : Área metropolitana de Cúcuta-Los Patios-Villa del Rosario (es)  (San José de Cúcuta)
NORTH NORTH Sub-Region  (Tibu)Local: Subregión del NORTE (es)  (Tibú)
OCANA WESTERN Sub-Region : Province of Ocana  (Ocana)Local: Subregión del OCCIDENTE : Provincia de Ocaña (es)  (Ocaña)
PAMPLONA SOUTHWESTERN Sub-Region : Province of Pamplona  (Pamplona)Local: Subregión del SUR-OCCIDENTE : Provincia de Pamplona (es)  (Pamplona)
SOUTHEASTERN SOUTHEASTERN Sub-Region  (Toledo)Local: Subregión del SUR-ORIENTE (es)  (Toledo)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

COLOMBIA Republic of COLOMBIA  (Bogota)
COLOMBIA-ELN National Liberation Army of Colombia : ELN-COLOMBIA  (Catatumbo)
COLOMBIA-FARC Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People´s Army : FARC-EP  (Mountains of Colombia)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ALBUQUERQUE CAYS Disputed Albuquerque Cay : SOUTH SOUTHEAST CAYS  (North Cay)
AMAZON AMAZON Department  (Leticia)
AMERICAN BASES IN COLOMBIA American Bases in COLOMBIA  (American Bases in Colombia)
ANTIOQUIA ANTIOQUIA Department  (Medellin)
ARAUCA ARAUCA Department  (Arauca)
ATLANTIC ATLANTIC Department  (Barranquilla)
BANKS AND SHOALS BANKS AND SHOALS Territories  ((Saint Andrew))
BOGOTA CAPITAL BOGOTA Capital District  (Bogota)
BOLIVAR BOLIVAR Department  (Cartagena of the Indies)
BOYACA BOYACA Department  (Santiago of Tunja)
CALDAS CALDAS Department  (Manizales)
CAQUETA CAQUETA Department  (Florencia)
CASANARE CASANARE Department  (Yopal)
CAUCA CAUCA Department  (Popayan)
CESAR CESAR Department  (Valledupar)
CHOCO CHOCO Department  (Quibdo)
COLOMBIAN INDIGENOUS National Indigenous Organization of Colombia : ONIC  (Bosa)
CORDOBA CORDOBA Department  (San Jeronimo of Monteria)
COURTOWN CAYS COURTOWN CAYS : East Southeast Cays  (Bolivar Cay)
CUNDINAMARCA CUNDINAMARCA Department  (Bogota + (Facatativa))
GAITANISTA Gaitanista Self-Defense Forces of Colombia : AGC  (Uraba)
GUAINIA GUAINIA Department  (Inirida)
GUAJIRA GUAJIRA Department  (Riohacha)
GUAVIARE GUAVIARE Department  (San Jose of the Guaviare)
HUILA HUILA Department  (Neiva)
MAGDALENA MAGDALENA Department  (Santa Marta)
MALPELO ISLAND Protected Area of MALPELO ISLAND  (Malpelo)
META META Department  (Villavicencio)
NARINO NARINO Department  (San Juan of Pasto)
PUERTO BOYACA Special Management Zone of BOYACA  (Puerto Boyaca)
PUTUMAYO PUTUMAYO Department  (Mocoa)
QUINDIO QUINDIO Department  (Armenia)
QUITASUENO BANK Territory of QUITASUENO BANK  ((Saint Andrew))
RISARALDA RISARALDA Department  (Pereira)
RONCADOR BANK Territory of RONCADOR BANK  ((Saint Andrew))
SANTANDER SANTANDER Department  (Bucaramanga)
SERRANA BANK Territory of SERRANA BANK  ((Saint Andrew))
SERRANILLA BANK Disputed Territory of SERRANILLA BANK  (Beacon Cay)
SUCRE SUCRE Department  (Sincelejo)
TOLIMA TOLIMA Department  (Ibague)
VALLEY OF CAUCA VALLEY OF CAUCA Department  (Santiago of Cali)
VAUPES VAUPES Department  (Mitu)
VICHADA VICHADA Department  (Puerto Carreno)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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