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1949-OCT-18

Zones: Timeline


RED CHINA (Peking) De facto Independent People´s Republic of China : NEW CHINA : Mao Tse-Tung the Great Helmsman
CHINA (Chungking qUNO Member Republic of CHINA [Nationalist Kuomintang Government] : Li Tsung-Jen

Other Entities with similar names

People´s Republic of China : NEW CHINA
(Peking)

People´s Republic of China : NEW CHINA

Flag or logo since 1949-09-27*
CHUNG-HUA Jen-Min Kung-He-Kuo : 中华人民共和国 (zh) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Mao Tse-Tung the Great Helmsman
(ruler of RED CHINA since 1943-03-20)
 
 
 
 
Capitals & administrative places*: Peking
(Pei-Ching)
Official & national languages: Chinese (zh) .

Mainland:


POPULAR CHINA People´s Republic of CHINA  (Peking)

31 Regionalized Divisions:

CHAHAR CHAHAR Province  (Changkiakow)Local: CHA-HA´ERH Sheng : 察哈尔省 (zh)  (Chang-Chia-K´ou)
CHEKIANG CHEKIANG Province  (Hangchow)Local: CHE-CHIANG Sheng : 浙江省 (zh)  (Hang-Chou)
FUKIEN FUKIEN Province  (Foochow)Local: FU-CHIEN Sheng : 福建省 (zh)  (Fu-Chou)
HOPEH HOPEH Province  (Paoting)Local: HO-PEI Sheng : 河北省 (zh)  (Pao-T´ing)
HUNAN HUNAN Province  (Changsha)Local: HU-NAN Sheng : 湖南省 (zh)  (Ch´ang-Sha)
HUPEH HUPEH Province  (Wuhan)Local: HU-PEI Sheng : 湖北省 (zh)  (Wu-Han)
JEHOL JEHOL Province  (Jehol)Local: JE-HO Sheng : 热河省 (zh)  (Je-Ho)
KANSU KANSU Province  (Lanchow)Local: KAN-SU Sheng : 甘肅省 (zh)  (Lan-Chou)
KIANGSI KIANGSI Province  (Nanchang)Local: CHIANG-HSI Sheng : 江西省 (zh)  (Nan-Ch´ang)
KWANGCHOW KWANGCHOW Special Municipality  (Canton)Local: KUANG-CHOU Shih : 广州市 (zh)  (Kuang-Chou)
KWANGTUNG KWANGTUNG Province  (Chenkiang)Local: KUANG-TUNG Sheng : 广东省 (zh)  (Chen-Chiang)
MANCHURIA NORTHEAST Province : Manchuria Province  (Changchun)Local: TONG-PEI Sheng : 东北省 (zh)  (Chang-Chun)
NANKING NANKING Special Municipality  (Nanking)Local: NAN-CHING Shih : 南京市 (zh)  (Nan-Ching)
NINGSIA NINGSIA Province  (Yinchuan)Local: NING-HSIA Sheng : 宁夏省 (zh)  (Yin-Ch´uan)
PEKING PEKING Special Municipality  (Peking)Local: PEI-CHING Shih : 北京市 (zh)  (Pei-Ching)
PINGYUAN PINGYUAN Province  (Sinsiang)Local: P´ING-YUAN Sheng : 平原省 (zh)  (Hsin-Hsiang)
SHANGHAI SHANGHAI Special Municipality  (Shanghai)Local: SHANG-HAI Shih : 上海市 (zh)  (Shang-Hai)
SHANSI SHANSI Province  (Taiyuan)Local: SHAN-SI Sheng : 山西省 (zh)  (T´ai-Yuan)
SHANTUNG SHANTUNG Province  (Tsinan)Local: SHAN-TUNG Sheng : 山东省 (zh)  (Chi-Nan)
SHENSI SHENSI Province  (Paoki)Local: SHAN-HSI Sheng : 陝西省 (zh)  (Pao-Chi)
SHITIKIACHWANG SHITIKIACHWANG Special Municipality  (Shitikiachwang)Local: SHIH-CHIA-CHUANG Shih : 石家庄市 (zh)  (Shih-Chia-Chuang)
SIAN SIAN Special Municipality  (Sian)Local: HSI´AN Shih : 西安市 (zh)  (Hsi-An)
SUIYUAN SUIYUAN Province  (Kweisui)Local: SUI-YUAN Sheng : 绥远省 (zh)  (Kuei-Sui)
SUNAN SUNAN Province [South Kiangsu Province]  (Wusih)Local: SU-NAN Sheng : 肃南盛 (zh)  (Wu-Hsi)
SUPEH North Kiangsu Province : SUPEI Province  (Yangchow)Local: SU-PEI Sheng : 苏北省 (zh)  (Yang-Chou)
TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Special Municipality  (Tientsin)Local: TIEN-CHIN Shih : 天津市 (zh)  (Tien-Chin)
TSINGHAI TSINGHAI Province  (Sining)Local: CH´ING-HAI Sheng : 青海省 (zh)  (Hsi-Ning)
TUNGKIANG TUNGKIANG Administrative Circumscription  (Tungkuan)Local: TUNG-CHIANG Hsing-Cheng Ch´ü-Hua : 东江行政区划 (zh)  (Tung-Kuan)
WANNAN WANNAN Province : South Anhwei Province  (Wuhu)Local: WAN-NAN Sheng : 皖南省 (zh)  (Wu-Hu)
WANPEH WANPEI Province : North Anhwei Province  (Hofei)Local: WAN-PEI Sheng : 皖北省 (zh)  (Ho-Fei)
WUHAN WUHAN Special Municipality  (Wuhan)Local: WU-HAN Shih : 武汉市 (zh)  (Wu-Han)



1 Assisted Entity

POPULAR MALAYA Peoples´ Democratic Republic of MALAYA [Malayan Peoples´ Liberation Army]  (Malayan Jungle) SG Chin Peng



2 Territories:

INNER MONGOLIA INNER MONGOLIAN Autonomous Government : Inner Mongolia Federation  (Ulanhot)Local: NEI-MENG-KU Tzu-Chih Cheng-Fu : 内蒙古自治政府 (zh) + ÖVÖR MONGOLYN Kholboo : ӨВӨР МОНГОЛЫН Xолбоо (mn)  (Wu-Lan-Hao-Te)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)Local: TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)

2 Condominiums:

CHINESE EASTERN AND SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILROADS Joint Sino-Soviet Administration of THE CHINESE EASTERN AND SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILROADS  (Kharbin)Local: TUNG TSING T´IEH-LU Ch´ü : 東清鐵路區 (zh) + Administratsiya KITAYA VOSTOCHNOY ZHELEZNOY DOROGI ZONY : Администрация КИТАЯ ВОСТОЧНОЙ ЖЕЛЕЗНОЙ ДОРОГИ ЗОНЫ (ru)  (Ha´erh-Pin)
TALIEN TALIEN Special Municipality [Joint Administration]  (Talien)Local: TA-LIEN Shih : 大連 市 (zh) + DAL´NIY Gorod : ДАЛЬНИЙ Город (ru)  (Ta-Lien)




* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHINA Republic of CHINA [Nationalist Kuomintang Government]  (Chungking q)
EAST TURKESTAN Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)
HAINAN HAINAN Special Administrative Region  (Haikou)
TIBET Kingdom of TIBET  (Lhasa)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2022's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BERI BERI State  (Beri)
BORTALA Autonomous Prefecture of BORTALA  (Bole)
CHEKIANG Nationalist Province of CHEKIANG  (Tachen)
CHINESE EASTERN AND SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILROADS Joint Sino-Soviet Administration of THE CHINESE EASTERN AND SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILROADS  (Kharbin)
CHUNGKING CHUNGKING Special Municipality  (Chungking)
DRANGO DRANGO State  (Hsintu)
HONAN HONAN Province  (Kaifeng)
HONG KONG British Crown Colony of HONG KONG  (Victoria City)
HORPA STATES Hor States : HORPA STATES  (Kangting)
KHANGSAR KHANGSAR State  (Khangsar)
KOWLOON WALLED CITY KOWLOON WALLED CITY Territory  (Kowloon Walled City)
KWANGSI KWANGSI Province  (Kweilin)
KWEICHOW KWEICHOW Province  (Kweiyang)
MACAO Portuguese Overseas Colony of MACAO  (Macao)
MAZUR MAZUR State  (Mazur)
PRATAS ISLANDS Military Territory of PRATAS ISLANDS  (Tungsha)
QUEMOY AND MATSU ISLANDS QUEMOY AND MATSU ISLANDS Group  (Chinsheng)
SIKANG SIKANG Province  (Kangting)
SINKIANG Nationalist Province of SINKIANG  (Tihwa)
SOUTH CHINA SEA ISLANDS SOUTH CHINA SEA ISLANDS Group  (Itu Aba)
SZECHWAN SZECHWAN Province  (Chengtu)
TAIWAN Province of TAIWAN  (Taipeh)
TAIWAN AREA Independent Customs Territory under the jurisdiction of United States Military Government on Japanese soil with Administrative Authority for the Military Occupation delegated to the Chinese Nationalists : TAIWAN AREA  (Taipeh)
TALIEN TALIEN Special Municipality [Joint Administration]  (Talien)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
TREHOR TREHOR State  (Kangting)
WANSHAN ISLANDS WANSHAN ISLANDS Archipelago District : Myriad Islands Archipelago  (Tankan)
YUNNAN YUNNAN Province  (Kunming)
YUYANG YUYANG Special District : Eighth Administrative Region of Szechwan  (Yuyang)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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