1900.ethnia.org
 

2018-NOV-09

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SWISS Confederation
(Berne + Lausanne)

SWISS Confederation

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
SCHWEIZERISCHE Eidgenossenschaft (de) + Confédération SUISSE (fr) + Confederazione SVIZZERA (it) + Confederaziun SVIZRA (rm) + Confœderatio HELVETICA (la)
Emblem or Symbol

President Alain Berset
(ruler of SWITZERLAND since 2018-01-01)
Population:8 000 000
Area: 41 277
Capital:Berne + Lausanne(Bern + Lausanne)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Metropole:


HELVETIA HELVETIAN Confederation  (Berne + Lausanne)

26 Federated or Constituent Metropolitan Divisions:

APPENZELL-INNER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-INNER RHODES  (Appenzell)Local: Kanton APPENZELL-INNERRHODEN (de)  (Appenzell)
APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES  (Herisau + Trogen)Local: Kanton APPENZELL-AUSSERRHODEN (de)  (Herisau + Trogen)
ARGOVIA Canton of ARGOVIA  (Aarau)Local: Kanton AARGAU (de)  (Aarau)
BASEL-CITY Canton of BASEL-CITY  (Basle)Local: Kanton BASEL-STADT (de)  (Basel)
BASEL-COUNTRY Canton of BASEL-COUNTRY  (Liestal)Local: Kanton BASEL-LANDSCHAFT (de)  (Liestal)
BERNE Canton of BERNE  (Berne)Local: Kanton BERN (de) + Canton de BERNE (fr)  (Bern)
FRIBOURG Canton of FRIBOURG  (Fribourg)Local: Kanton FREIBURG (de) + Canton de FRIBOURG (fr)  (Freiburg)
GENEVA Republic and Canton of GENEVA  (Geneva)Local: République et Canton de GENÈVE (fr)  (Genève)
GLARUS Canton of GLARUS  (Glarus)Local: Kanton GLARUS (de)  (Glarus)
GRISONS Canton of GRISONS  (Chur)Local: Kanton GRAUBÜNDEN (de) + Chantun GRISCHUN (rm) + Cantone dei GRIGIONI (it)  (Cuira)
JURA Republic and Canton of JURA  (Delemont)Local: République et Canton du JURA (fr)  (Delémont)
LUCERNE Canton of LUCERNE  (Lucerne)Local: Kanton LUZERN (de)  (Luzern)
NEUCHATEL Republic and Canton of NEUCHATEL  (Neuchatel)Local: République et Canton de NEUCHÂTEL (fr)  (Neuchâtel)
SAINT GALL Canton of SAINT GALL  (Saint Gall)Local: Kanton SANKT GALLEN (de)  (Sankt Gallen)
SCHAFFHAUSEN Canton of SCHAFFHAUSEN  (Schaffhausen)Local: Kanton SCHAFFHAUSEN (de)  (Schaffhausen)
SCHWYZ Canton of SCHWYZ  (Schwyz)Local: Kanton SCHWYZ (de)  (Schwyz)
SOLOTHURN Canton of SOLOTHURN  (Solothurn)Local: Kanton SOLOTHURN (de)  (Solothurn)
TESSIN Republic and Canton of TESSIN  (Bellenz)Local: Repubblica e Cantone del TICINO (it)  (Bellinzona)
THURGOVIA Canton of THURGOVIA  (Frauenfeld)Local: Kanton THURGAU (de)  (Frauenfeld)
UNTERWALD-NIDWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Nidwald : Canton of NIDWALD  (Stans)Local: Halbkanton Unterwalden nid dem Wald : Kanton NIDWALDEN (de)  (Stans)
UNTERWALD-OBWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Obwald : Canton of OBWALD  (Sarnen)Local: Halbkanton Unterwalden ob dem Wald : Kanton OBWALDEN (de)  (Sarnen)
URI Canton of URI  (Altdorf)Local: Kanton URI (de)  (Altdorf)
VALAIS Republic and Canton of VALAIS  (Sitten)Local: République et Canton du VALAIS (fr) + Staat und Kanton WALLIS (de)  (Sion)
VAUD Republic and Canton of VAUD  (Lausanne)Local: République et Canton de VAUD (fr)  (Lausanne)
ZUG Canton of ZUG  (Zug)Local: Kanton ZUG (de)  (Zug)
ZURICH Stand and Canton of ZURICH  (Zurich)Local: Stand und Kanton ZÜRICH (de)  (Zürich)



2 Assisted Entities

HOLY SEE State of Vatican City : HOLY SEE  (Vatican) Pope Francis I
LIECHTENSTEIN Principality of LIECHTENSTEIN  (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II



1 Condominium, co-administered or disputed territory in Europe:

EUROAIRPORT International Airport of Basel Mulhouse Freiburg : EUROAIRPORT  (Euroairport)Local: Aéroport international de Bâle-Mulhouse-Fribourg : EUROAIRPORT (fr) + Flughafen Basel-Mülhausen-Freiburg : EUROAIRPORT (de) + EUROAIRPORT Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (en)  (Euroairport)

Other notable Territories in Europe:

APPENZELL-INNER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-INNER RHODES  (Appenzell)Local: Kanton APPENZELL-INNERRHODEN (de)  (Appenzell)
APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES  (Herisau + Trogen)Local: Kanton APPENZELL-AUSSERRHODEN (de)  (Herisau + Trogen)
ARGOVIA Canton of ARGOVIA  (Aarau)Local: Kanton AARGAU (de)  (Aarau)
BASEL-CITY Canton of BASEL-CITY  (Basle)Local: Kanton BASEL-STADT (de)  (Basel)
BASEL-COUNTRY Canton of BASEL-COUNTRY  (Liestal)Local: Kanton BASEL-LANDSCHAFT (de)  (Liestal)
BERNE Canton of BERNE  (Berne)Local: Kanton BERN (de) + Canton de BERNE (fr)  (Bern)
FRIBOURG Canton of FRIBOURG  (Fribourg)Local: Kanton FREIBURG (de) + Canton de FRIBOURG (fr)  (Freiburg)
GENEVA Republic and Canton of GENEVA  (Geneva)Local: République et Canton de GENÈVE (fr)  (Genève)
GLARUS Canton of GLARUS  (Glarus)Local: Kanton GLARUS (de)  (Glarus)
GRISONS Canton of GRISONS  (Chur)Local: Kanton GRAUBÜNDEN (de) + Chantun GRISCHUN (rm) + Cantone dei GRIGIONI (it)  (Cuira)
JURA Republic and Canton of JURA  (Delemont)Local: République et Canton du JURA (fr)  (Delémont)
LUCERNE Canton of LUCERNE  (Lucerne)Local: Kanton LUZERN (de)  (Luzern)
NEUCHATEL Republic and Canton of NEUCHATEL  (Neuchatel)Local: République et Canton de NEUCHÂTEL (fr)  (Neuchâtel)
SAINT GALL Canton of SAINT GALL  (Saint Gall)Local: Kanton SANKT GALLEN (de)  (Sankt Gallen)
SAMNAUN Commune of SAMNAUN  (Samnaun)Local: Gemeinde SAMNAUN (de) + Vischnanca da SAMIGNUN (rm) + Comune di SAMIGNONE (it)  (Samnaun)
SCHAFFHAUSEN Canton of SCHAFFHAUSEN  (Schaffhausen)Local: Kanton SCHAFFHAUSEN (de)  (Schaffhausen)
SCHWYZ Canton of SCHWYZ  (Schwyz)Local: Kanton SCHWYZ (de)  (Schwyz)
SOLOTHURN Canton of SOLOTHURN  (Solothurn)Local: Kanton SOLOTHURN (de)  (Solothurn)
TESSIN Republic and Canton of TESSIN  (Bellenz)Local: Repubblica e Cantone del TICINO (it)  (Bellinzona)
THURGOVIA Canton of THURGOVIA  (Frauenfeld)Local: Kanton THURGAU (de)  (Frauenfeld)
UNTERWALD-NIDWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Nidwald : Canton of NIDWALD  (Stans)Local: Halbkanton Unterwalden nid dem Wald : Kanton NIDWALDEN (de)  (Stans)
UNTERWALD-OBWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Obwald : Canton of OBWALD  (Sarnen)Local: Halbkanton Unterwalden ob dem Wald : Kanton OBWALDEN (de)  (Sarnen)
URI Canton of URI  (Altdorf)Local: Kanton URI (de)  (Altdorf)
VALAIS Republic and Canton of VALAIS  (Sitten)Local: République et Canton du VALAIS (fr) + Staat und Kanton WALLIS (de)  (Sion)
VAUD Republic and Canton of VAUD  (Lausanne)Local: République et Canton de VAUD (fr)  (Lausanne)
ZUG Canton of ZUG  (Zug)Local: Kanton ZUG (de)  (Zug)
ZURICH Stand and Canton of ZURICH  (Zurich)Local: Stand und Kanton ZÜRICH (de)  (Zürich)




1 Government in Exile

SAVOY STATE Provisional Government of the State of SAVOY  (Geneva) Fabrice Dugerdil

1 Micronation

ARBEZIA Principality of ARBEZIA  (Hotel Franco-Suisse) Richard Arbez



95 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Tunis)
ANTARCTICA Antarctic Treaty System : ATS  (Buenos Aires)
ASIA-EUROPE Asia-Europe Meeting : ASEM  (Brussels + Singapore)
ASIAN BANK Asian Development Bank : ADB  (Mandaluyong City)
ASIAN INFRASTRUCTURE BANK Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank : AIIB  (Beijing)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research : CERN  (Meyrin)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
CIVIL STATUS International Commission of Civil Status : ICCS  (Strasbourg)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
EAST-WEST Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe : OSCE  (Vienna)
EFTA European Free Trade Association : EFTA  (Geneva)
ENERGY International Energy Charter : IEC  (Woluwe-Saint Lambert)
ESA European Space Agency : ESA  (Paris)
EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites : EUMETSAT  (Darmstadt)
EURO-ATLANTIC Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council : EAPC  (Sintra)
EUROCONTROL European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation : EUROCONTROL  (Brussels-Haren)
EUROPE Council of Europe : CE  (Strasbourg)
EUROPEAN BANK European Bank for Reconstruction and Development : EBRD  (London)
EUROPEAN PATENT European Patent Organisation : EPORG  (Munich)
EUROPEAN SCIENCE European Science Foundation : ESF  (Strasbourg)
EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY European Southern Observatory : ESO  (Garching near Munich)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FINANCE Financial Stability Board : FSB  (Basle)
FRANCOPHONIE International Organization of The Francophonie : OIF  (Paris)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
HAGUE CONFERENCE Hague Conference on Private International Law : HCCH  (The Hague)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HUMANITARIAN LAW International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission : IHFFC  (Berne)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization : IMSO  (London)
INTER-AMERICAN BANK Inter-American Development Bank : IADB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT International Criminal Court : ICCT  (The Hague)
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY International Energy Agency : IEA  (Paris)
INTERNATIONAL IDEA International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance : INTERNATIONAL IDEA  (Stockholm)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IOM International Organization for Migration : IOM Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
MIGRATION POLICY International Centre for Migration Policy Development : ICMPD  (Vienna)
MISSILES Missile Technology Control Regime : MTCR  (Paris)
NATO-PEACE Partnership for Peace : PFP  (Brussels)
NATURE CONSERVATION International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Gland)
NORTH-EAST ATLANTIC Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic : OSPAR Convention  (Sintra)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development : OECD  (Paris)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PANEUROPA International Paneuropean Union : IPU  (Vienna)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
RHINE Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Strasbourg)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE Regional Cooperation Council : RCC  (Sarajevo)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA  (Gaza + Amman)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT The WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies  (Vienna)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres + Saint Cloud)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHALING International Whaling Commission : IWC  (Impington)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE LAW Advisory Centre on World Trade Organization Law : ACWL  (Geneva)


Other Current Territories within the 2018's internationaly recognized Country boundaries (listed below in grey, it may contain errors)

SUVOROV MONUMENT Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)

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Notes:


   1900.ethnia.org is an essay which goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. The first version of the website dates back from 1996 and had been put online under ethnia.org in 1999. The current version is from 2009 and now allows to search for an entity for any day of the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox




 Base sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * Flags Of The World, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org, thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA, maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US): for Europe, North Africa and Middle East.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.
   * Wikipedia, for general data, maps, pictures ...
   * Google Books, online library.
   * The other sources are given specifically according to the consulted entity, at bottom page.

   Some of the flags and coat of arms of the website are drawn by myself.

 Specific sources:






Any suggestion, correction, addition or collaboration is welcome and can be sent to .


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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2018-NOV-14.