CONGO-IN-EXILE (London) Exile Republic of CONGO-in-Exile : President Pascal Lissouba
CONGO-KINSHASA (Kinshasa) UNO Member Democratic Republic of the Congo : DRC [United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo : DRC-MONUC] : President Laurent-Desire Kabila
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville a + Pointe Noire nUNO Member Republic of the CONGO : President Denis Sassou-Nguesso
CONGO-KISANGANI (Kisangani) Rebellion Rally for Congolese Democracy : RCD : Ernest Wamba dia Wamba
CONGO-NATIONAL (Isiro) Rebellion Rally for Congolese Democracy-NATIONAL : Roger Lumbala
NORTH CONGO (Gbadolite + Lisala) Rebellion Movement for the Liberation of Congo : MLC : Jean-Pierre Bemba
CONGO-GOMA (Goma) Rebellion Rally for Congolese Democracy-GOMA : Emile Ilunga

Other Entities with similar names

(Kinshasa) - (New York City) -

Democratic Republic of the Congo : DRC
[United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo : DRC-MONUC]

Flag or logo since 1997-05-17*
République démocratique du CONGO (fr) + Democratic Republic of the CONGO (en)r + Repubilika ya KÔNGO ya Dimokalasi (ktu)n + Republíki ya KONGÓ Demokratíki (ln)n + Ditunga dia KONGU wa Mungalaata (lua)n + Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya KONGO (sw)n UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol*

President Laurent-Desire Kabila
(ruler of CONGO-KINSHASA since 1997-05-17)

SG Kofi Annan (gh)
(ruler of UNITED NATIONS since 1997-01-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: Kinshasa
Official & national languages: English (en) . French (fr) . Kituba (ktu) . Lingala (ln) . Luba-Lulua (lua) . Swahili (sw) .
n national language
r recognized, diplomatic or working language at national level


DEMOCRATIC CONGO Democratic Republic of the CONGO  (Kinshasa)

7 Divisions:

BANDUNDU BANDUNDU Province  (Bandundu)Local: Province du BANDUNDU (fr) + Etúká ya BANDUNDU (ln) + Bizunga ya BANDUNDU (ktu)  (Bandundu)
EQUATOR EQUATOR Province  (Mbandaka)Local: Province de l´ÉQUATEUR (fr) + Etúká ya EKWATÉLI (ln)  (Mbandaka)
KATANGA KATANGA Province  (Lubumbashi)Local: Province du KATANGA (fr) + Jimbo la KATANGA (sw)  (Lubumbashi)
KINSHASA KINSHASA City Province  (Kinshasa)Local: Province de la Ville de KINSHASA (fr) + Engumba KISÁSÁ (ln) + Mbanza ya KINSASA (ktu)  (Kinshasa)
LOWER CONGO LOWER CONGO Province  (Matadi)Local: Province du BAS-CONGO (fr) + Bizunga ya KÔNGO YA MITIU (kg)  (Matadi)
SOUTH KASAI Government Controlled Southern Territories of EAST KASAI Province  (Mbuji-Mayi)Local: Territoires du Sud de la Province du KASAÏ ORIENTAL (fr) + KASAI EST (lu)  (Mbujimayi)
WEST KASAI WEST KASAI Province  (Kananga)Local: Province du KASAÏ OCCIDENTAL (fr) + KASAI WA MUBUELU (lu)  (Kananga)

1 Government or Movement in Exile

ENCLAVE OF CABINDA Federal Republic of CABINDA [Cabinda Governments-in-Exile]  (Pointe Noire + Paris + Cabinda Rebel Zones) Commandant Antonio Luis Lopes

63 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Abidjan)
AFRICAN CARIBBEAN AND PACIFIC STATES African Caribbean and Pacific Group of States : ACP STATES  (Brussels)
AFRICAN NATURE African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources : CONVENTION ON CONSERVATION  (Algiers)
AFRICAN UNITY Organization of African Unity : OAU  (Addis Ababa)
APPA African Petroleum Producers´ Association : APPA  (Brazzaville)
COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa : COMESA  (Lusaka)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
ECCAS Economic Community of Central African States : ECCAS  (Libreville)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Zurich)
FRANCE-AFRICA Conference of Heads of State of Africa and France : FRANCE-AFRICA Summit  (Paris)
FRANCOPHONIE International Organization of The Francophonie : OIF  (Paris)
GREAT LAKES COUNTRIES Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries : Suspended ECGLC  (Gisenyi)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
IMO International Maritime Organization : IMO Specialized Agency  (London)
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : INTELSAT  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
ISO International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Durban + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
ODCCP Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention : ODCCP Agency  (Vienna)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PELINDABA TREATY African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty : ANWFZ  (Pelindaba)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
SOUTH ATLANTIC ZONE South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone : SAPCZ  (Brasilia)
SOUTHERN AFRICA Southern African Development Community : SADC  (Gaborone)
TOURISM World Tourism Organization : WTOO  (Madrid)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children´s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDIR United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research : UNIDIR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNIFEM United Nations Development Fund for Women : UNIFEM  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODA Conference on Disarmament : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs : UNODA  (Geneva)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CONGO-GOMA Rally for Congolese Democracy-GOMA  (Goma)
CONGO-KISANGANI Rally for Congolese Democracy : RCD  (Kisangani)
INTERAHAMWE Army for the Liberation of Rwanda: ALIR  (Interahamwe)
LENDU Lendu Ituri Armed Groups : LENDU  (Ngaliko)
NORTH CONGO Movement for the Liberation of Congo : MLC  (Gbadolite + Lisala)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BAHEMA BAHEMA Chiefdoms  (Baguru + Badjere + Banywagi)
BAHUNDE BAHUNDE Chiefdom  (Masisi)
BAKISI BAKISI Chiefdom  (Bakisi)
BAVIRA BAVIRA Kingdom of Uvira  (Uvira)
BUHAVU BUHAVU Chiefdom  (Ihusi)
BUHOLO BUHOLO Chiefdom  (Buholo)
BUKUMU BUKUMU Chiefdom  (Buhimba)
CONGO-BENI Rally for Congolese Democracy-Movement for the Liberation of CONGO  (Beni)
CONGO-NATIONAL Rally for Congolese Democracy-NATIONAL  (Isiro)
ITURI ITURI Province  (Bunia)
KABARE Shi Kingdom of KABARE  (Kabare)
KASONGO-LUBA Traditional Luba-Katanga Kingdom of KASONGO-LUBA  (Kasongo)
MAI-MAI MAI-MAI Brigades  (Fizi-Uvira)
MANIEMA MANIEMA Province  (Kindu)
NGWESHE Shi Kingdom of NGWESHE  (Walungu)
PARECO-HUNDE Resisting Congolese Patriots : PARECO-HUNDE  (Masisi)
SOUTH KIVU SOUTH KIVU Province  (Bukavu)
WAKABONGO WAKABONGO Chiefdom  (Shabunda)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .