(Ottawa) - (London a + Westminster lr + Edinburgh s + Windsor r) -

British Dominion of CANADA

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
British Dominion of CANADA (en) + Dominion britannique du CANADA (fr) SDN Member
Emblem or Symbol*

King George V
(ruler of UNITED KINGDOM since 1910-05-06)
Capitals & administrative places*: Ottawa
Official & national languages: English (en) . French (fr) .


CANADA CANADIAN Confederation  (Ottawa)

9 Federated Divisions:

ALBERTA Province of ALBERTA  (Edmonton)Local: Province of ALBERTA (en)  (Edmonton)
BRITISH COLUMBIA Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA  (City of Victoria)Local: Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA (en)  (City of Victoria)
MANITOBA Province of MANITOBA  (Winnipeg)Local: Province of MANITOBA (en)  (Winnipeg)
NEW BRUNSWICK Province of NEW BRUNSWICK  (Fredericton)Local: Province of NEW BRUNSWICK (en)  (Fredericton)
NOVA SCOTIA Province of NOVA SCOTIA  (Halifax)Local: Province of NOVA SCOTIA (en)  (Halifax)
ONTARIO Province of ONTARIO  (Toronto)Local: Province of ONTARIO (en)  (Toronto)
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND  (Charlottetown)Local: Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND (en)  (Charlottetown)
QUEBEC Province of QUEBEC  (Quebec City)Local: Province of QUEBEC (en)  (Quebec City)
SASKATCHEWAN Province of SASKATCHEWAN  (Regina)Local: Province of SASKATCHEWAN (en)  (Regina)

2 Territories:

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES  (Fort Smith + Ottawa)Local: Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES (en) + Territoire fédéral des TERRITOIRES DU NORD-OUEST (fr)  (Fort Smith + Ottawa)
YUKON YUKON Territory  (Dawson City)Local: YUKON Territory (en) + Territoire du YUKON (fr)  (Dawson City)

2 Condominiums:

NORTHERN RUSSIA Provisional Temporary Government of the NORTHERN REGION [Government-General of the Northern Region]  (Murmansk)Local: SEVERNOGO Oblast´ : СЕВЕРНОГО Область (ru)  (Murmansk)

Dependent Protectorates:

ALEXANDER CREES Cree Chiefdom of ALEXANDER Band [under Treaty Six Agreement]  (Alexander)Local: ALEXANDER Band  (Alexander)
ALEXIS ASSINIBOINES Assiniboine Chiefdom of ALEXIS [under Treaty Six Agreement]  (Alexis)Local: ALEXIS Reservations (en) + Cade Wicashdabi : ALEXIS (sto)  (Alexis)
ATHABASKANS Chiefdoms of CREES AND CHIPEWYANS under Treaty Eight Agreement  (Fort McMurray)Local: Chiefdoms of CREES AND CHIPEWYANS (en)  (Fort McMurray)
BIG HEAD CREES Chiefdom of BIG HEAD Indian Reserve  (Pierceland)Local: Chiefdom of BIG HEAD Indian Reserve  (Pierceland)
BIGSTONE CREES Cree Chiefdom of BIGSTONE Band under Treaty Eight Agreement  (Wabasca-Desmarais)Local: BIGSTONE Band  (Wabasca-Desmarais)
BLOOD BLACKFEET Blackfoot Chiefdom of BLOOD Tribe under Treaty Seven Agreement  (Stand Off)Local: BLOOD Tribe (en) + Kainah : KÁÍNA (bla)  (Stand Off)
BLUE QUILLS Nations of BLUE QUILLS Indian Reserve  (Blue Quills)Local: Nations of BLUE QUILLS Indian Reserve  (Blue Quills)
CROSS LAKE CREES Cree Chiefdom of CROSS LAKE Band  (Cross Lake)Local: CROSS LAKE Band (en) + Pimicikamāk Nīhithawī : NIKIKONAKOS (cr)  (Cross Lake)
DRIFTPILE CREES Cree Reservation of DRIFTPILE Band [under Treaty Eight Agreement]  (Drift Pile River)Local: DRIFTPILE Band (en) + Nihiyow Tapaskan : MIHTATAKAW SÎPÎY – ᒪᐦᑕᐦᑕᑲᐤ ᓯᐱᕀ (cr)  (Driftpile River)
ENOCH CREES Cree Chiefdom of ENOCH Indian Band  (Enoch + Stony Plain)Local: Cree Chiefdom of ENOCH Indian Band  (Enoch + Stony Plain)
HORSE LAKE BEAVERS Beaver Chiefdom of HORSE LAKE Band under Treaty Eight Agreement  (Hythe)Local: HORSE LAKE Band  (Hythe)
KAPAWENO KAPAWENO Band under Treaty Eight Agreement  (Grouard Mission)Local: KAPAWE´NO Band  (Grouard Mission)
KEESEEKOOSE SAULTEAUX Ojibwe Chiefdom of KEESEEKOOSE Indian Reserves [under Treaty Four Agreement]  (Kampsack)Local: KEESEEKOOSE Indian Reserves (en) + FIIZHIGOONS Anishinaabeg (oj)  (Kampsack)
LITTLE RED RIVER CREES Cree Chiefdom of LITTLE RED RIVER Band under Treaty Eight Agreement  (John D´Or Prairie)Local: LITTLE RED RIVER Band (en) + ATHAPISCOW-WIYINIWAK Anishinabek (csw)  (John D´Or Prairie)
LOUIS BULL Chippewa Blackfeet Reservation Community of LOUIS BULL Tribe under Treaty Seven Agreement  (Louis Bull)Local: LOUIS BULL Tribe  (Louis Bull)
MICHEL Chiefdom of MICHEL Band under Treaty Six Agreement  (Michel Indian Reservation)Local: MICHEL Band  (Michel Indian Reservation)
MONTANA INDIANS MONTANA Indian Reservation under Treaty Six Agreement  (Montana Indian Reservation)Local: MONTANA Indian Reservation (en)  (Montana Indian Reservation)
MONTREAL LAKE CREES Cree Chiefdom of MONTREAL LAKE Indian Reserve  (Montreal Lake)Local: Cree Chiefdom of MONTREAL LAKE Indian Reserve  (Montreal Lake)
NORTHERN PEIGAN BLACKFEET Blackfoot Chiefdom of NORTHERN PEIGAN Band under Treaty Seven Agreement  (Brocket)Local: NORTHERN PEIGAN Band (en) + ApatohsiPiikani : APATOHSI PIIKANI (bla)  (Brocket)
PAUL Cree and Stoney Nakoda Chiefdom of PAUL Band under Treaty Six Agreement  (Wabamun)Local: PAUL Band  (Wabamun)
PRINCE ALBERT NATIONS PRINCE ALBERT Nations under Treaty Six Agreement  (Prince Albert)Local: PRINCE ALBERT Nations (en)  (Prince Albert)
QU´APPELLE Nations of Treaty Four : QU´APPELLE Treaty  (Fort Qu´Apelle)Local: Chiefdoms of Treaty Four : QU´APPELLE Treaty (en)  (Fort Qu´Apelle)
SARCEES SARCEE Indian Band under Treaty Seven Agreement : Tsuu T´ina Nation Indian Reserve  (Tsuu T´ina)Local: SARCEE Indian Band : Tsuu T´ina Nation Indian Reserve (en) + TSU T´INA (srs)  (Tsúùtínà)
SIKSIKA BLACKFEET Chiefdom of SIKSIKA Band under Treaty Seven Agreement  (Siksika)Local: SIKSIKA Band (en) + SIKSIKÁWA (bla)  (Siksika)
SIX NATIONS Iroquois Grand Council of the SIX NATIONS Reserve  (Oshweken)Local: Iroquois Grand Council of the SIX NATIONS Reserve (en) + Hotinonsionni : HODINOSHONE (moh)  (Oshweken)
SOUTHEAST TREATY FOUR SOUTHEAST TREATY FOUR Tribal Council  (Carlyle + Whitewood)Local: SOUTHEAST TREATY FOUR Tribal Council (en)  (Carlyle + Whitewood)
SPIRITWOOD Nations of Treaty Six in SPIRITWOOD Region  (Spiritwood)Local: Chiefdoms of SPIRITWOOD Region (en)  (Spiritwood)
STONEY NAKODAS STONEY NAKODA Bands under Treaty Seven Agreement  (Morley)Local: STONEY NAKODA Bands (en) + Isga iʔabi : ÎYÂRHE NAKODA (sto)  (Morley)
SUCKER CREEK CREES Cree Chiefdom of SUCKER CREEK Band under Treaty Eight Agreement  (Sucker Creek)Local: SUCKER CREEK Band  (Sucker Creek)
THUNDERCHILD CREES Cree Chiefdom of THUNDERCHILD Nation  (Turtleford)Local: Cree Chiefdom of THUNDERCHILD Nation  (Turtleford)
TOUCHWOOD Treaty Four TOUCHWOOD Indian Agency  (Poor Man)Local: TOUCHWOOD Indian Agency (en)  (Poor Man)
TREATY SEVEN Nations of TREATY SEVEN  (Siksika)Local: Nations of TREATY SEVEN (en)  (Siksika)
TREATY SIX NATIONS TREATY SIX Nations in Battleford Region  (Battleford)Local: TREATY SIX Nations (en)  (Battleford)
TREATY TEN NATIONS TREATY TEN Nations  (Meadow Lake)Local: TREATY TEN Nations  (Meadow Lake)
WHITEFISH LAKE ATIKAMEKS Atikamek Chiefdom of WHITEFISH LAKE under Treaty Eight Agreement  (Utikuma Lake)Local: Atikamek Chiefdom of WHITEFISH LAKE (en) + Atikameksheng ANISHNAWBEK (atj)  (Utikoomak Lake)
WILLIAM TWATT CREES Cree Chiefdom of WILLIAM TWATT Band : Sturgeon Lake Indian Reserve under Treaty Six Agreement  (Sturgeon Lake)Local: WILLIAM TWATT Band : Sturgeon Lake Indian Reserve  (Sturgeon Lake)
YELLOWKNIVES Chiefdom of YELLOWNIVES under Treaty Eight Agreement  (Yellowknife)Local: Chiefdom of YELLOWNIVES (en) + T´satsąot´ınę : T´ATSAOT´INE (dgr) + TATSAOTINE (chp)  (Yellowknife)

15 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

ALLIED POWERS ALLIED Entente Powers : Supreme War Council  (Versailles)
BOUNDARY WATERS International Joint Commission : IJC  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie)
BRITISH DOMINIONS BRITISH DOMINIONS of the British Empire  (Westminster)
CTW Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW  (New York City)
ELECTROTECHNICAL International Electrotechnical Commission : IEC  (London)
FIFA Federation of International Football Association : FIFA  (Paris)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON [Paris Peace Conference]  (Versailles)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris + Atlantic City)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

NEWFOUNDLAND British Dominion of NEWFOUNDLAND  (Saint John´s)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BENOIT MICMACS Micmac Chiefdom of BENOIT  (Saint George´s Bay)
LABRADOR Dependency of LABRADOR  (Goose Bay)
SVERDRUP ISLANDS SVERDRUP ISLANDS Group [Norwegian Claim]  (Ellef Ringnes Island)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-JUN-05 ~ .