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Republic of BOTSWANA

Republic of BOTSWANA

Flag or logo since 1966-09-30
Republic of BOTSWANA (en) + Lefatshe la BOTSWANA (tn)
Emblem or Symbol

President Mokgweetsi Masisi
(ruler of BOTSWANA since 2018-04-01)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


BOTSWANA Republic of BOTSWANA  (Gaborone)

17 Metropolitan Divisions:

CENTRAL CENTRAL District  (Serowe)Local: CENTRAL District (en) + Kgaolo ya LEGARE (tn)  (Serowe)
CHOBE CHOBE District  (Kasane)Local: CHOBE District (en) + Kgaolo ya CHOBE (tn)  (Kasana)
FRANCISTOWN CITY OF FRANCISTOWN Urban District  (Francistown)Local: CITY OF FRANCISTOWN Urban District (en) + Toropokgolo FRANCISTOWN (tn)  (Francistown)
GABORONE GABORONE CITY Urban District  (Gaborone)Local: GABORONE CITY Urban District (en) + Toropokgolo GABORONE (tn)  (Gaborone)
GHANZI GHANZI District  (Ghanzi)Local: GHANZI District (en) + Kgaolo ya GHANZI (tn)  (Ghanzi)
JWANENG JWANENG TOWN Urban District  (Jwaneng)Local: JWANENG TOWN Urban District (en) + Toropo ya JWANENG (tn)  (Jwaneng)
KGALAGADI KGALAGADI District  (Tsabong)Local: KGALAGADI District (en) + Kgaolo ya KGALAGADI (tn)  (Tshabong)
KGATLENG KGATLENG District  (Mochudi)Local: KGATLENG District (en) + Kgaolo ya KGATLENG (tn)  (Mochudi)
KWENENG KWENENG District  (Molepolole)Local: KWENENG District (en) + Kgaolo ya KWENENG (tn)  (Molepolole)
LOBATSE LOBATSE TOWN Urban District  (Lobatse)Local: LOBATSE TOWN Urban District (en) + Toropo ya LOBATSE (tn)  (Lobatse)
NGAMILAND NORTH-WEST District : Ngamiland District  (Maun)Local: NORTH-WEST District : Ngamiland District (en) + Kgaolo ya BOKONE-BOPHIRIMA : Kgaolo ya Ngami (tn)  (Maun)
NORTH-EAST NORTH-EAST District  (Masunga)Local: NORTH-EAST District (en) + Kgaolo ya BOKONE-BOTHLABA (tn)  (Masunga)
ORAPA ORAPA Town Council  (Orapa)Local: ORAPA Town Council (en) + Toropo ya ORAPA (tn)  (Orapa)
SELEBI-PHIKWE SELEBI-PHIKWE TOWN Urban District  (Selebi-Phikwe)Local: SELIBE-PHIKWE TOWN Urban District (en) + Toropo ya SELEBI-PHIKWE (tn)  (Selibe-Phikwe)
SOUTH-EAST SOUTH-EAST District  (Ramotswa)Local: SOUTH-EAST District (en) + Kgaolo ya BORWA-BOTHLABA (tn)  (Ramotswa)
SOUTHERN SOUTHERN District  (Kanye)Local: SOUTHERN District (en) + Kgaolo ya BORWA (tn)  (Kanye)
SOWA SOWA TOWN Urban District  (Sowa)Local: SOWA TOWN Urban District (en) + Motse se Toropo wa SOWA (tn)  (Sowa)

Other notable Territories in Africa:

BAKGATLA BAKGATLA Chiefdom : Kgatleng Sub-Districts  (Mochudi + Mmathubudukwane)Local: KGATLENG Sub-Districts (en) + Kgôsi ya BAKGATLA (tn)  (Mochudi + Mmathubudukwane)
BAKWENA BAKWENA Chiefdom : Kweneng Sub-Districts  (Molepolole + Letlhakeng)Local: Kweneng Sub-Districts : BAKWENA Chiefdom (en) + Kgôsi ya BAKWÊNA (tn)  (Molepolole + Letlhakeng)
BALETE BALETE Chiefdom  (Ramotswa)Local: BALETE Chiefdom (en) + Kgôsi ya BALETE (tn)  (Ramotswa)
BANGWAKETSE BANGWAKETSE Chiefdom  (Kanye)Local: BANGWAKETSE Chiefdom (en) + Kgôsi ya BANGWAKETSE (tn)  (Kanye)
BANGWATO BANGWATO Chiefdom  (Serowe)Local: BANGWATO Chiefdom (en) + Kgôsi ya BANGWATO (tn)  (Serowe)
BAROLONG BAROLONG Chiefdom  (Good Hope)Local: BAROLONG Chiefdom (en) + Kgôsi ya BARÔLÔNG (tn)  (GoodHope)
BATAWANA BATAWANA Chiefdom  (Maun)Local: BATAWANA Chiefdom (en) + Kgôsi ya BATAWANA (tn)  (Maun)
BATLOKWA BATLOKWA Chiefdom  (Gaborone)Local: BATLOKWA Chiefdom (en) + Kgôsi ya BATLÔKWA (tn)  (Gaborone)

63 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

AFRICA-FRANCE Conference of Heads of State of Africa and France : AFRICA-FRANCE Summit  (Bamako)
AFRICAN BANK African Development Bank : AFDB  (Tunis)
AFRICAN CARIBBEAN AND PACIFIC STATES African Caribbean and Pacific Group of States : ACP STATES  (Brussels)
AFRICAN NATURE African Convention on Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources : CONVENTION ON CONSERVATION  (Maputo)
AFRICAN UNION African Union : AU  (Addis Ababa + Midrand)
ASIA-AFRICA Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization : AALCO  (New Delhi)
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROHIBITION Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons : OPCW  (The Hague)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
CUSTOMS World Customs Organization : WCO  (Brussels)
ENERGY International Energy Charter : IEC  (Woluwe-Saint Lambert)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GLOBAL FUND The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria : GFATM  (Vernier-Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Grand Saconnex)
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT International Criminal Court : ICCT  (The Hague)
INTERNATIONAL IDEA International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance : INTERNATIONAL IDEA  (Stockholm)
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization : ICPO  (Lyons)
IOM International Organization for Migration : IOM Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency : IRENA  (Masdar City)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
NATURE CONSERVATION International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Gland)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM - Advancing South South Cooperation  (Jakarta + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
NUCLEAR TEST BAN Provisional Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization : CTBTO  (Vienna)
OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights : OHCHR Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PELINDABA TREATY African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty : ANWFZ  (Pelindaba)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : IFRCS  (Geneva)
SEABED Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority : ISA  (Kingston)
SOUTHERN AFRICA Southern African Development Community : SADC  (Gaborone)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : ITSO  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TRIBUNAL OF THE SEA International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : ITLOS  (Hamburg)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change : UNFCCC  (New York City)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime : UNODC Agency  (Vienna)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (Vienna)
UNWTO World Tourism Organization : UNWTO Specialized Agency  (Madrid)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization : WIPO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD TRADE World Trade Organization : WTO  (Geneva)


   1900.ethnia.org is an essay which goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. The first version of the website dates back from 1996 and had been put online under ethnia.org in 1999. The current version is from 2009 and now allows to search for an entity for any day of the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Base sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * Flags Of The World, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org, thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA, maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US): for Europe, North Africa and Middle East.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.
   * Wikipedia, for general data, maps, pictures ...
   * Google Books, online library.
   * The other sources are given specifically according to the consulted entity, at bottom page.

   Some of the flags and coat of arms of the website are drawn by myself.

 Specific sources:

Any suggestion, correction, addition or collaboration is welcome and can be sent to .

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