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1912-OCT-01

.. or a geo zone >>

Republic of the United States of BRAZIL
(Rio of Janeiro)

Republic of the United States of BRAZIL

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
República dos Estados Unidos do BRASIL (pt) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol

President Marshal Hermes da Fonseca
(ruler of BRAZIL since 1910-11-15)
Capital:Rio of Janeiro - (Rio de Janeiro)
Official languages: Portuguese (pt) .

Mainland:


BRAZIL Republic of the United States of BRAZIL  (Rio of Janeiro)

20 Federated or Constituent Mainland Divisions:

ALAGOAS State of ALAGOAS  (Maceio)Local: Estado do ALAGOAS (pt)  (Maceió)
AMAZONIA State of AMAZON  (Manaos)Local: Estado de AMAZONAS (pt)  (Manaus)
BAY State of BAY  (Saint Salvador of All Saints'' Bay)Local: Estado de la BAĺA (pt)  (São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos)
CEARA State of CEARA  (Fortaleza)Local: Estado do CEARÁ (pt)  (Fortaleza)
ESPIRITO SANTO State of ESPIRITO SANTO  (Vitoria)Local: Estado do ESPÍRITO SANTO (pt)  (Vitória)
GENERAL MINES State of GENERAL MINES  (Belo Horizonte)Local: Estado de MINAS GERAES (pt)  (Belo Horizonte)
GOIAZ State of GOIAZ  (Goiaz)Local: Estado de GOIÁZ (pt)  (Goiáz)
MARANHAO State of MARANHAO  (Saint Louis of the Maranhao)Local: Estado do MARANHÃO (pt)  (São Luís do Maranhão)
MATTO GROSSO State of MATTO GROSSO  (Cuiaba)Local: Estado de MATTO GROSSO (pt)  (Cuiabá)
NORTH RIO GRANDE State of NORTH RIO GRANDE  (Natal)Local: Estado do RIO GRANDE DO NORTE (pt)  (Natal)
PARA State of PARA  (Belem)Local: Estado do PARA (pt)  (Belém)
PARAHYBA State of PARAHYBA  (Parahyba)Local: Estado da PARAHYBA (pt)  (Parahyba)
PARANA State of PARANA  (Curitiba)Local: Estado do PARANÁ (pt)  (Curitiba)
PERNAMBUC State of PERNAMBUC  (Recife)Local: Estado de PERNAMBUCO (pt)  (Recife)
PIAUHY State of PIAUHY  (Teresina)Local: Estado do PIAUHY (pt)  (Teresina)
RIO OF JANEIRO State of RIO OF JANEIRO  (Niteroi)Local: Estado do RIO DE JANEIRO (pt)  (Niterói)
SAINT CATHERINE State of SAINT CATHERINE  (Florianopolis)Local: Estado de SANTA CATHARINA (pt)  (Florianópolis)
SAO PAULO State of SAO PAULO  (Sao Paulo)Local: Estado de SÃO PAULO (pt)  (São Paulo)
SERGIPE State of SERGIPE  (Aracaju)Local: Estado de SERGIPE (pt)  (Aracaju)
SOUTH RIO GRANDE State of SOUTH RIO GRANDE  (Porto Alegre)Local: Estado do RIO GRANDE DO SUL (pt)  (Porto Alegre)




3 Territories:

ACRE ACRE Federal Territory  (Rio Branco)Local: Territorio Federal do ACRE (pt)  (Rio Branco)
BRAZILIAN INDIANS Indian Protection Service : SPI  (Sao Paulo)Local: Serviço de Proteção ao Índio : SPI (pt)  (São Paulo)
FEDERAL DISTRICT FEDERAL DISTRICT of Rio of Janeiro  (Rio of Janeiro)Local: DISTRITO FEDERAL do Rio de Janeiro (pt)  (Rio de Janeiro)

1 Condominium:

SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)



8 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTER-AMERICAN SANITARY Inter-American Sanitary Convention : International Santitary Bureau : ISB  (Washington-District of Columbia)
NAVIGATION International Congress of Navigation : ICN  (Saint Petersburg)
PAN-AMERICAN UNION PAN-AMERICAN UNION Bureau  (Washington-District of Columbia)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CONTESTADO Independent Government of CONTESTADO Region  (Irani)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CORUMBA CORUMBA Territory  (Corumba)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.