(Tihwa) - (Peking) -

Military Province of SINKIANG
[Warlordship of the Sinkiang Clique]

Flag or logo since 1912-02-12*
HSIN-CHIANG Sheng : 新疆省 (zh) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Yang Tseng-Hsin
(ruler of SINKIANG since 1912-05-07)

Yuan Shih-Kai
(ruler of CHINA since 1912-03-10)
Capitals & administrative places*: Tihwa
Official & national languages: Chinese (zh) .


SIN-KIANG Military Province of SIN-KIANG  (Tihwa)

6 Divisions:

AKSU AKSU Region  (Aksu)Local: A-K´O-SU Ti-Ch´ü : 阿克苏地区 (zh)  (A-K´o-Su)
BAYINGOLIN BAYINGOLIN Region  (Korla)Local: PA-YIN-KUO-LENG Ti-Ch´ü : 巴音郭楞地區 (zh)  (K´u-Erh-Le)
ILI ILI Region  (Kulja)Local: YI-LI Ti-Ch´ü : 伊犁 地區 (zh)  (Yi-Ning)
KHOTAN KHOTAN Region  (Khotan)Local: HO-T´IEN Ti-Ch´ü : 和田地區 (zh)  (Ho-T´ien)
PEIKIANG PEIKIANG Region [Northern Sinkiang]  (Tihwa)Local: PEI-CHIANG Ti-Ch´ü : 北疆地區 (zh)  (Ti-Hua)
TURPAN TURPAN Region  (Turpan)Local: T´U-LU-FAN Ti-Ch´ü : 吐魯番地區 (zh)  (T´u-Lu-Fan)

2 Territories:

KUMUL KUMUL Khanate [Principality of Kumul Vassal of Sinkiang]  (Khamil)Local: QUMUL Xanliqi (ug) + HA-MI Kuo : 郭哈密 (zh)  (Ha-Mi)
NANKIANG Military Region of Southern Sinkiang : NANKIANG  (Kashgar)Local: NAN-CHIANG Chün-Ch´ü : 南疆軍區 (zh)  (Ka-Shih)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

BARGUTIA Independent Territory of BARGA  (Khailar)
CHINA Republic of CHINA [Peiyang Government]  (Peking)
JEHOL JEHOL Special Administration Region  (Jehol)
KWANGSI Military Province of KWANGSI [Warlordship of the Kwangsi Clique]  (Nanning)
KWANGTUNG Military Province of KWANGTUNG  (Canton)
MA Provinces of the MA Clique [Warlordships of the Ma Clique]  (Lanchow)
SHANSI SHANSI Clique [Autonomous Warlordship of the Shansi Clique]  (Taiyuan-Yangchu)
SZECHWAN Military Province of SZECHWAN [Autonomous Warlordships]  (Chengtu)
THIBET Kingdom of THIBET [Chinese Occupation]  (Lhasa)
YUNNAN Military Province of YUNNAN [Warlordship of the Yunnan Clique]  (Yunnan-Fu)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIGUN AIGUN Russian Concession  (Aigun)
ALSHA ALSHA Banners  (Tingyuanying)
ALSHA AND EJIN Region of ALSHA AND EJIN  (Tingyuanying)
AMOY ISLAND British Concession of AMOY ISLAND  (Siming)
ANHWEI Military Province of AN-HWEI  (Hwaining)
AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Austro-Hungarian Concession  (Tientsin Austro-Hungarian Concession)
BELGIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Belgian Concession  (Tientsin Belgian Concession)
BERI BERI State  (Beri)
BRITISH FOOCHOW British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH HANKOW British Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)
CHAKHAR CHANGYUAN Special Region [Chakhar Eight Banners Territory]  (Changyuan)
CHANGSHA CHANGSHA General Foreign Settlement  (Changsha Settlement)
CHEFOO Settlement of CHEFOO  (Chefoo)
CHEKIANG Military Province of CHEKIANG  (Hangchow)
CHIHLI CHIHLI Province  (Tientsin)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER [Russian Administration]  (Kharbin)
CHINESE LEAGUE Chinese Revolutionary Alliance : TUNG MENG HUEI  (Peking)
CHINKIANG British Concession at CHINKIANG  (Chinkiang)
CHOUTSUN CHOUTSUN Foreign Settlement  (Choutsun)
CHWANPIEN CHWANPIEN Special Administrative District  (Tachienlu)
DRANGO DRANGO State  (Hsintu)
EJIN EJIN Banner  (Ejin)
FENGTIEN Military Province of FENGTIEN [Manchuria Province]  (Mukden)
FORBIDDEN CITY Manchu Empire in THE FORBIDDEN CITY  (The Purple Forbidden City)
FORMOSA ISLAND Dependency of FORMOSA [Taiwan]  (Taipeh)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment in CHUNGKING  (Wangchiato)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the FRENCH CONCESSION OF SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)
FUKIEN Military Province of FUKIEN  (Foochow)
GERMAN HANKOW German Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow German Concession)
GERMAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN German Concession  (German Tientsin Concession)
HAINAN Region of HAINAN  (Haikou)
HONAN Military Province of HONAN  (Kaifeng)
HONGKONG British Crown Colony of HONGKONG  (City of Victoria)
HORPA STATES Hor States : HORPA STATES  (Tachienlu)
HSUCHOW HSU-CHOW Circuit  (Hsuchow)
HUEICHOW HUEICHOW Revolutionary Army  (Canton)
HUNAN Military Province of HUNAN  (Changsha)
HUPEH Military Province of HUPEH  (Wuchang)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)
JAPANESE CHUNGKING Japanese Concession at CHUNGKING  (Chungking Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)
JERIM JERIM League  (Tungliao)
JOSUTU Tumed JOSUTU League  (Chaoyang)
JUU UDA JUU UDA League  (Chihfeng)
KANSU Military Province of KANSU  (Lanchow)
KHINGAN KHINGAN League  (Wangyehmiao)
KIANGSI Military Province of KIANGSI  (Nanchang)
KIANGSU Military Province of KIANGSU  (Nanking)
KIAOCHAU Territory of KIAO-CHAU [Chinese Lease to Germany]  (Tsingtao)
KIRIN KIRIN Province  (Kirin)
KIUKIANG British Concession at KIUKIANG  (Kiukiang)
KWANGCHOWAN Territory of KWANGCHOWAN [Chinese Lease to France]  (Fort Bayard)
KWANTUNG Territory of KWANTUNG [Japanese Military Administration of the Chinese Leased Territory to Japan]  (Port Arthur)
KWEICHOW Military Province of KWEICHOW  (Kweiyang)
MACAO Portuguese Overseas Colony of MACAO  (Macao)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Settlement  (Manchuria)
MATSU ISLANDS MATSU ISLANDS part of Lienkiang County  (Nankan)
MAZUR MAZUR State  (Mazur)
NANKING INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT NANKING General Foreign Settlement  (Nanking International Settlement)
NINGSIA Warlordship of NINGSIA  (Ningsia)
NORTHERN MANCHURIA AMUR RIVER Province [Russian Protectorate of Heilungkiang in Inner Manchuria]  (Tsitsihar)
ORDOS ORDOS League  (Ordos)
PAKHOI Foreign Settlements of PAKHOI  (Pakhoi)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter  (Peking Legation Quarter)
RUSSIAN HANKOW Russian Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Russian Concession)
RUSSIAN KHARBIN Russian Concession of KHARBIN  (Kharbin Russian Concession)
RUSSIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Russian Concession  (Tientsin Russian Concesion)
SHANGHAI Governorate of SHANGHAI  (Shanghai)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHANTUNG Military Province of SHANTUNG  (Tsinan-Fu)
SHENKAN SHENKAN Province  (Sian)
SILINGOL SILINGOL League  (Silinhot)
SOUTH MANCHURIAN RAILWAY ZONE South Manchuria Railway Company : SMR  (Dairen)
SUIYUAN Military Territory of SUIYUAN  (Kweihua)
TARBAGHATAY TARBAGHATAY Special Territory  (Chuguchak)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
TREHOR TREHOR State  (Tachienlu)
TSINANFU TSINANFU Foreign Settlement  (Tsinan-Fu)
TSINGHAI Sultanate of the Military Province of TSINGHAI  (Zining)
WEIHAIWEI British Leased Territory of WEIHAIWEI  (Port Edward)
WEIHSIEN WEIHSIEN Foreign Settlement  (Weihsien)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .