1900.ethnia.org
 

2018-NOV-09

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Antarctic Treaty System : ATS

Flag or logo since 2002-09-20
Antarctic Treaty System : ATS (en) + Sistema del Tratado Antártico : STA (es) + Système du Traité Antarctique : STA (fr) + Dogovor ob Antarktike : DA ­ Договор об Антарктике : ДA (ru)
Emblem or Symbol

Secretary Albert Lluberas Bonaba (uy)
(since 2017-09-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Buenos Aires(Buenos Aires)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Organization:


ANTARCTICA ANTARCTIC Treaty System  (Buenos Aires)




14 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Antactica:

ADELIE LAND District of ADELIE LAND part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands  (Dumont D''Urville Station)Local: District de la TERRE ADÉLIE (fr)  (Base Antarctique Dumont d''Urville)
ANTARCTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS Disputed Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS  (Fossil Bluff + Carlini Station + General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme Base)Local: Sector of ANTARTICA AND SOUTH ATLANTIC ISLANDS (en) + Sector del ANTÁRTICA Y LAS ISLAS DEL ATLÁNTICO SUR (es)  (Fossil Bluff + Base Carlini + Base General Bernardo O''Higgins Riquelme)
ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA Department of ARGENTINE ANTARCTICA  (Esperanza)Local: Departamento de ANTÁRTIDA ARGENTINA (es)  (Esperanza)
AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTICA AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC Territory  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)Local: AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC Territory (en)  (Mawson Station + Davis Station + Casey Station)
BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY British Overseas Territory of BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY  (Halley + (Rothera Station))Local: British Overseas Territory of BRITISH ANTARCTIC TERRITORY (en)  (Halley + (Rothera Station))
CHILEAN ANTARCTICA CHILEAN ANTARCTIC Territory in the Province of Chilean Antarctica : Commune of the Chilean Antarctica  (Antarctica)Local: Territorio Chileno Antártico : Comuna de LA ANTÁRTICA CHILENA (es)  (Antártica)
FILCHNER-RONNE ICE-SHELF AND SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS Disputed British-Argentinian Zone of FILCHNER-RONNE ICE-SHELF AND SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS  ((Orcadas) + (Signy))Local: Zone of FILCHNER-RONNE ICE-SHELF AND SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS (en) + Zona del BANCO DE HIELO FILCHNER-RONNE Y ISLAS ORCADAS DEL SUR (es)  ((Orcadas) + (Signy))
MARIE BYRD LAND Unclaimed Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND  (Byrd Surface Camp + Russkaya Station)Local: Sector of MARIE BYRD LAND (en) + ZEMLI MERI BERD Sektor : ЗЕМЛИ МЭРИ БЭРД сектор (ru)  (Byrd Surface Camp + Russkaya Stancije)
PETER THE FIRST ISLAND Norwegian Dependency of PETER THE FIRST ISLAND  ((Oslo))Local: Norsk avhengighet av Peter den Første øya : PETER EIN ØY (nb) + Norsk avhengighet av Peter den Første øya : PETER EIN ØY (nn)  ((Oslo))
QUEEN MAUD LAND Norwegian Dependency of QUEEN MAUD LAND  (Troll + Tor)Local: Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nb) + Norsk DRONNING MAUDS LAND (nn)  (Troll + Tor)
ROSS New Zealand Antarctic Territory : ROSS Dependency  (Scott Base)Local: ROSS Dependency (en) + ROSS Whakawhirinaki (mi) + ROSS Dependency (nzsl)  (Scott Base)
SOUTH POLE SOUTH POLE Overland  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)Local: SOUTH POLE Overland (en)  (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station)
WESTERN COATS LAND AND WEDDELL SEA Disputed British-Argentinian Zone of WESTERN COATS LAND AND WEDDELL SEA : Brazilian Antarctica Zone of Interest  (Belgrano Two Base + Halley)Local: Zone of WESTERN COATS LAND AND WEDDELL SEA (en) + Zona de la TIERRA DE BELGRANO Y MAR WEDDELL (es)  (Belgrano Dos + Halley)
WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND Chilean-British Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND  ((Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))Local: Sector in WESTERN ELLSWORTH LAND (en) + Sector en la TIERRA DE ELLSWORTH OCCIDENTAL (es)  ((Stanley) + (Puerto Williams))




53 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ARGENTINA (Buenos Aires) President Mauricio Macri
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Alexander Van der Bellen
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Philippe
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Rumen Radev
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Michel Temer
BELARUS (Minsk) President Alexander Lukashenko
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Alain Berset
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Sebastian Pinera
CHINA (Beijing) Xi Jinping
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Ivan Duque Marquez
CUBA (Havana) Raul Castro
CZECHIA (Prague + Brno) President Milos Zeman
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Frank-Walter Steinmeier
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
ECUADOR (Quito) President Lenin Moreno
ESTONIA (Tallinn + Tartu) President Kersti Kaljulaid
SPAIN (Madrid) King Philip VI
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Sauli Niinisto
FRANCE (Paris) President Emmanuel Macron
GREECE (Athens) President Prokopis Pavlopoulos
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Jimmy Morales Cabrera
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Janos Ader
INDIA (New Delhi) President Ram Nath Kovind
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Gudhni Thorlacius Johannesson
ITALY (Rome) President Sergio Mattarella
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Akihito
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang) Kim Jong-Un
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul) President Moon Jae-In
KAZAKHSTAN (Astana) President Nursultan Nazarbayev
MONACO (Monaco) Prince Albert II
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Khaltmaa Battulga
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur + Putrajaya) Sultan Muhammad V Faris Petra
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) King Willem-Alexander
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PERU (Lima) President Martin Vizcarra
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Arif Alvi
POLAND (Warsaw) President Andrzej Duda
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Klaus Iohannis
RUSSIA (Moscow) President Vladimir Putin
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava) President Andrej Kiska
TURKEY (Ankara) President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Petro Poroshenko
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Donald Trump
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Tabare Vazquez
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Nicolas Maduro
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein) President Cyril Ramaphosa



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Notes:


   1900.ethnia.org is an essay which goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. The first version of the website dates back from 1996 and had been put online under ethnia.org in 1999. The current version is from 2009 and now allows to search for an entity for any day of the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox




 Base sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * Flags Of The World, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org, thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA, maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US): for Europe, North Africa and Middle East.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.
   * Wikipedia, for general data, maps, pictures ...
   * Google Books, online library.
   * The other sources are given specifically according to the consulted entity, at bottom page.

   Some of the flags and coat of arms of the website are drawn by myself.

 Specific sources:






Any suggestion, correction, addition or collaboration is welcome and can be sent to .


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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2018-NOV-14.