ethnia.org
 

1988-MAY-02

Zones:


AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) UNO Member Republic of AFGHANISTAN [Soviet Union Assistance] [United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan : UNGOMAP] : President Mohammad Najibullah
AFGHANISTAN MUJAHIDEEN (Panjshir + Peshawar) RebellionExile Islamic Unity of AFGHANISTAN MUJAHIDEEN : Seven Party Mujahideen Alliance : Ahmad Shah Massoud

Other Entities with similar names

AFGHANISTAN  SOVIET UNION  UNITED NATIONS 
   
(Kabul) - (Moscow) - (New York City) -

Republic of AFGHANISTAN [Soviet Union Assistance] [United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan : UNGOMAP]

Flag or logo since 1987-11-30
Dǝ AFĠĀNISTĀN Jumhūriyat : دافغانستان جمهوریت (ps) + Jumhūrī-ye AFĠĀNISTĀN : جمهوری افغانستان (prs) UNO Member
Emblem or Symbol

President Mohammad Najibullah
(ruler of AFGHANISTAN since 1987-09-30)

Mikhail Gorbachev
(ruler of SOVIET UNION since 1985-03-11)

SG Javier Perez de Cuellar (pe)
(ruler of UNITED NATIONS since 1982-01-01)
Capital:Kabul - (Kabul)
Official languages: Dari Persian (prs) . Pashtun (ps) .

Mainland:


AFGHANISTAN Republic of AFGHANISTAN  (Kabul)

30 Mainland Divisions:

BADAKHSHAN Province of BADAKHSHAN  (Faizabad)Local: Astan BADAKHSHAN : استان بدخشان (prs) + BADAKHSHAN Wilayat : بدخشان ولایت (ps)  (Feyzabad)
BADGHIS Province of BADGHIS  (Qalay-i Naw)Local: Astan BADGHIS : ولایت بادغیس (prs) + BADGHIS Wilayat : ولایت‎ بادغیس (ps)  (Qal''eh-ye Now)
BAGHLAN Province of BAGHLAN  (Baghlan)Local: Astan BAGHLAN : ولایت بغلان (prs) + BAGHLAN Wilayat : بغلان ولایت‎ (ps)  (Baghlan)
BALKH Province of BALKH  (Mazar-i-Sharif)Local: Astan BALKH : ولایت بلخ (prs) + BALKH Wilayat : بلخ ولایت‎ (ps)  (Mazar-e Sharif)
BAMIAN Province of BAMIAN  (Bamian)Local: Astan BAMYAN : ولایت بامیان (prs) + BAMYAN Wilayat : ولایت بامیان (ps)  (Bamiyan)
FARAH Province of FARAH  (Farah)Local: Astan FARAH : ولایت فراه (prs) + FARAH Wilayat : فراه ولايت (ps)  (Farah)
FARYAB Province of FARYAB  (Maimana)Local: Astan FARYAB : ولایت فاریاب (prs) + FARYAB Wilayat : فارياب ولايت (ps)  (Meymaneh)
GHAZNI Province of GHAZNI  (Ghazni)Local: GHAZNI Wilayat : غزني ولايت (ps) + Astan GHAZNI : ولایت غزنی (prs)  (Ghazni)
GHOR Province of GHOR  (Chaghcharan)Local: Astan GHOWR : ولایت غور (prs) + GHUR Wilayat : غور ولايت (ps)  (Chaghcharan)
HELMAND Province of HELMAND  (Lashkargah)Local: HELMUND Wilayat : هلمند ولايت (ps) + Astan HILLMAND : ولایت هلمند (prs)  (Lashgar Gah)
HERAT Province of HERAT  (Herat)Local: Astan HIRAT : ولایت هرات (prs) + HERAT Wilayat : هرات ولايت (ps)  (Herat)
JOZJAN Province of JOZJAN  (Shibarghan)Local: Astan JOWZJAN : ولایت جوزجان (prs) + JAWZJAN Wilayat : جوزجان ولايت (ps)  (Sheberghan)
KABUL Province of KABUL  (Kabul)Local: Astan KĀBOL‎ : ولایت کابل (prs) + KĀBƏL‎ Wilayat : کابل ولايت (ps)  (Kabul)
KANDAHAR Province of KANDAHAR  (Kandahar)Local: KANDAHAR Wilayat : کندهار ولايت (ps) + Astan QANDAHAR : ولایت قندهار (prs)  (Kandahar)
KAPISA Province of KAPISA  (Mahmud-i-Raqi)Local: KAPISA Wilayat : کاپيسا ولايت (ps) + Astan KAPISA : ولایت کاپیسا (prs)  (Mahmud-e-Eraqi)
KONAR Province of KONAR  (Asadabad)Local: KUNAR Wilayat : کونړ ولايت (ps) + Astan KONAR : ولایت کنر (prs)  (Asadabad)
KONDUZ Province of KONDUZ  (Konduz)Local: Astan QONDOZ : ولایت کندوز (prs) + QUNDUZ Wilayat : کندوز ولايت (ps)  (Qondoz)
LAGHMAN Province of LAGHMAN  (Mihtarlam)Local: LAGHMAN Wilayat : لغمان ولايت (ps) + Astan LAGHMAN : لغمان شریف (prs)  (Mehtar-Lam)
LOGAR Province of LOGAR  (Baraki Barak)Local: LOWGAR Wilayat : لوگر ولايت (ps) + Astan LOWGAR : ولایت لوگر (prs)  (Baraki Barak)
NANGARHAR Province of NANGARHAR  (Jalalabad)Local: NANGARHAR Wilayat : ننگرهار ولايت (ps) + Astan NANGERHAR : ولایت ننگرهار (prs)  (Jelalabad)
NIMRUZ Province of NIMRUZ  (Zaranj)Local: NIMRUZ Wilayat : نيمروز ولايت (ps) + Astan NIMROZ : ولایت نیمروز (prs)  (Zaranj)
ORUZGAN Province of ORUZGAN  (Tarin-Kot)Local: URUZGAN Wilayat : روزگان ولايت (ps) + Astan UROZGAN : ولایت اروزگان (prs)  (Tarin-Kowt)
PAKTIA Province of PAKTIA  (Gardiz)Local: PAKTYA Wilayat : پکتيا ولايت (ps) + Astan PAKTIYA : ولایت پکتیا (prs)  (Gardez)
PAKTIKA Province of PAKTIKA  (Urgun)Local: PAKTIKA Wilayat : پکتيکا ولايت (ps) + Astan PAKTIKA : ولایت پکتیکا (prs)  (Orgun)
PARWAN Province of PARWAN  (Charikar)Local: Astan PARVĀN : ولایت پروان (prs) + PARWAN Wilayat : پروان ولايت (ps)  (Chârikâr)
SAMANGAN Province of SAMANGAN  (Aybak)Local: Astan SAMANGAN : ولایت سمنگان (prs) + SAMONGAN Wilayat : سمنگان ولايت (ps)  (Aybak)
SARI PUL Province of SARI PUL  (Sari-Pul)Local: Astan SAR-E POL : ولایت سرپل (prs) + SARI PUL Wilayat : سرپل ولايت (ps)  (Sar-e Pol)
TAKHAR Province of TAKHAR  (Talugan)Local: Astan TAKHAR : ولایت تخار (prs) + TAKHAR Wilayat : تخار ولايت (ps)  (Taloqan)
WARDAK Province of WARDAK  (Kowt-e-Ashrow)Local: MAIDAN WARDAG Wilayat : ميدان وردگ ولايت (ps) + Astan VERDAK : استان وردک (prs)  (Kowt-e-Ashrow)
ZABUL Province of ZABUL  (Kalat)Local: ZABUL Wilayat : زابل ولايت (ps) + Astan ZABOL : ولایت زابل (prs)  (Qalat)






39 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


ASIAN BANK Asian Development Bank : ADB  (Mandaluyong City)
COLOMBO PLAN Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific : CESDAP  (Colombo)
COMMON FUND Common Fund for Commodities : CFC  (Geneva)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN Coalition of Developing Countries : GROUP OF SEVENTY-SEVEN  (New York City)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development : IFAD Specialized Agency  (Rome)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite Organization : INTELSAT  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTERCOSMOS INTERCOSMOS Program of Cooperation in Space  (Moscow)
INTERSPUTNIK International Organization of Space Communications INTERSPUTNIK  (Moscow)
ISLAMIC BANK Islamic Development Bank : IDB  (Jedda)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
NON-ALIGNED Non-Aligned Movement : NAM  (Harare + New York City)
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT  (New York City)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
TOURISM World Tourism Organization : WTOO  (Madrid)
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme : UN-HABITAT Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme : UNEP Specialized Agency  (Nairobi)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization : UNIDO Specialized Agency  (Vienna)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (New York City)
UPEACE University for Peace : UPEACE  (Ciudad Colon)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Pregny-Chambesy)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
WORLD BUSINESS International Chamber of Commerce : ICC [The Word Business Organization]  (Paris)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AFGHANISTAN MUJAHIDEEN Islamic Unity of AFGHANISTAN MUJAHIDEEN : Seven Party Mujahideen Alliance  (Panjshir + Peshawar)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

FREE AFGHANISTAN Afghanistan National Liberation Front : ANLF  (Peshawar)
FREE ISLAMIC AFGHANISTAN Islamic Union for the Liberation of Afghanistan : IULA  (Dawah Al-Jihad)
GULBUDDIN Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin : ISLAMIC PARTY of Gulbuddin  (Hezb-e Islami)
ISLAMIC REVOLUTION Revolutionary Islamic Movement : ISLAMIC Revolution Movement  (Southern Afghanistan)
ISLAMIC SOCIETY Jamiat-e Islami : ISLAMIC SOCIETY  (Parvan Area)
KHALIS Hezb-e Islami Khalis : ISLAMIC PARTY of Khalis Faction  (Nangarhar Area)
NATIONAL ISLAMIC AFGHANISTAN National Islamic Front of Afghanistan : NIFA  (Mahazmili)
PANJSHIR Region of PANJSHIR in rebellion  (Bazarak)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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