w.ethnia.org
 

2020-FEB-14

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SWISS Confederation HELVETIAN Confederation
(Berne + Lausanne) (Berne + Lausanne)

Canton of BERNE

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Kanton BERN (de) + Canton de BERNE (fr)
Emblem or Symbol

President Simonetta Sommaruga
(ruler of SWITZERLAND since 2020-01-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Berne(Bern)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


BERNE Canton of BERNE  (Berne)

1 Mainland Divisions:

BERNE City and Republic of BERNE  (Berne)Local: Stadt und Republik BERN (de) + Ville et République de BERNE (fr)  (Bern)







2 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


CALVINISM World Communion of Reformed Churches : WCRC  (Hanover)
ROMAN CATHOLICISM ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

SWITZERLAND SWISS Confederation  (Berne + Lausanne)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

APPENZELL-INNER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-INNER RHODES  (Appenzell)
APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES Canton of APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES  (Herisau + Trogen)
ARBEZIA Principality of ARBEZIA  (Hotel Franco-Suisse)
ARGOVIA Canton of ARGOVIA  (Aarau)
BASLE-CITY Canton of BASLE-CITY  (Basle)
BASLE-COUNTRY Canton of BASLE-COUNTRY  (Liestal)
FRIBOURG Canton of FRIBOURG  (Fribourg)
GENEVA Republic and Canton of GENEVA  (Geneva)
GLARUS Canton of GLARUS  (Glarus)
GRISONS Canton of GRISONS  (Chur)
JURA Republic and Canton of JURA  (Delemont)
LUCERNE Canton of LUCERNE  (Lucerne)
NEUCHATEL Republic and Canton of NEUCHATEL  (Neuchatel)
SAINT GALL Canton of SAINT GALL  (Saint Gall)
SAMNAUN Commune of SAMNAUN  (Samnaun)
SCHWYZ Canton of SCHWYZ  (Schwyz)
SHAFFHOUSE Canton of SHAFFHOUSE  (Shaffhouse)
SOLOTHURN Canton of SOLOTHURN  (Solothurn)
SUVOROV MEMORIAL Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)
THURGOVIA Canton of THURGOVIA  (Frauenfeld)
TICINO Republic and Canton of TICINO  (Bellenz)
UNTERWALD-NIDWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Nidwald : Canton of NIDWALD  (Stans)
UNTERWALD-OBWALD Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Obwald : Canton of OBWALD  (Sarnen)
URI Canton of URI  (Altdorf)
VALAIS Republic and Canton of VALAIS  (Sitten)
VAUD Republic and Canton of VAUD  (Lausanne)
ZOUG Canton of ZOUG  (Zoug)
ZURICH Stand and Canton of ZURICH  (Zurich)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.