.. or a geo zone >>

THE ARGENTINE Nation : Argentine Republic
(Buenos Ayres)

Government of THE PAMPA National Territory : Central Pampa Territory

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01
Gobernación del Territorio Nacional de LA PAMPA : Territorio de La Pampa Central (es)
Emblem or Symbol

President Victorino de la Plaza
(ruler of ARGENTINE since 1914-08-09)
Capital:Santa Rosa of Toay + General Acha(Santa Rosa de Toay + General Acha)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()


PAMPA Government of THE PAMPA National Territory  (Santa Rosa of Toay + General Acha)

22 Mainland Divisions:

ATREUCO ATREUCO Department  (Macachin)Local: Departamento ATREUCÓ (es)  (Macachín)
CALEU CALEU CALEU CALEU Department  (La Adela)Local: Departamento CALEU CALEU (es)  (La Adela)
CAPITAL CAPITAL Department  (Santa Rosa of the Toay)Local: Departamento CAPITAL (es)  (Santa Rosa de Toay)
CATRILO CATRILO Department  (Catrilo)Local: Departamento CATRILÓ (es)  (Catriló)
CHALILEO CHALILEO Department  (Santa Isabel)Local: Departamento CHALILEO (es)  (Santa Isabel)
CHAPALEUFU CHAPALEUFU Department  (Intendant Alvear)Local: Departamento CHAPALEUFÚ (es)  (Intendente Alvear)
CHICAL CO CHICAL CO Department  (Algarrobo del Aguila)Local: Departamento CHICAL CO (es)  (Algarrobo del Águila)
CONHELO CONHELO Department  (Eduardo Castex)Local: Departamento CONHELO (es)  (Eduardo Castex)
CURACO CURACO Department  (Puelches)Local: Departamento CURACÓ (es)  (Puelches)
GUATRACHE GUATRACHE Department  (Guatrache)Local: Departamento GUATRACHÉ (es)  (Guatraché)
HUCAL HUCAL Department  (Bernasconi)Local: Departamento HUCAL (es)  (Bernasconi)
LIHUEL CALEL LIHUEL CALEL Department  (Cuchillo-Co)Local: Departamento LIHUEL CALEL (es)  (Cuchillo-Có)
LIMAY MAHUIDA LIMAY MAHUIDA Department  (Limay Mahuida)Local: Departamento LIMAY MAHUIDA (es)  (Limay Mahuida)
LOVENTUE LOVENTUE Department  (Victorica)Local: Departamento LOVENTUÉ (es)  (Victorica)
MARACO MARACO Department  (General Pico)Local: Departamento MARACÓ (es)  (General Pico)
PUELEN PUELEN Department  (Twenty-Fifth of May)Local: Departamento PUELÉN (es)  (Veinticinco de Mayo)
QUEMU QUEMU QUEMU QUEMU Department  (Quemu Quemu)Local: Departamento QUEMÚ QUEMÚ (es)  (Quemú Quemú)
RANCUL RANCUL Department  (Parera)Local: Departamento RANCUL (es)  (Parera)
REALICO REALICO Department  (Realico)Local: Departamento REALICÓ (es)  (Realicó)
TOAY TOAY Department  (Toay)Local: Departamento TOAY (es)  (Toay)
TRENEL TRENEL Department  (Trenel)Local: Departamento TRENEL (es)  (Trenel)
UTRACAN UTRACAN Department  (General Acha)Local: Departamento UTRACÁN (es)  (General Acha)

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ARGENTINE THE ARGENTINE Nation : Argentine Republic  (Buenos Ayres)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ANDES Government of THE ANDES National Territory  (Saint Anthony of the Brass)
BUENOS AYRES CITY Federal District of THE CITY OF BUENOS AYRES  (Buenos Ayres)
CATAMARCA CATAMARCA Province  (San Fernando of the Catamarca Valley)
CHACO Government of CHACO National Territory  (Resistencia)
CHUBUT Government of CHUBUT National Territory  (Rawson)
CORDOBA CORDOBA Province : Province of Cordova  (Cordoba City)
CORRIENTES CORRIENTES Province : Currents Province  (City of Saint John of Vera of the Seven Currents)
ENTRE RIOS ENTRE RIOS Province  (Parana)
FIRELAND Maritime Government of TIERRA DEL FUEGO National Territory : Fireland National Territory  (Ushuaia)
FORMOSA Government of FORMOSA National Territory  (Formosa City)
JUJUY JUJUY Province  (San Salvador of Jujuy)
MENDOZA MENDOZA Province  (Mendoza of the New Valley of The Rioja)
MISSIONS Government of the National Territory of MISSIONS  (Posadas)
NAPALPI NAPALPI Aboriginal Colony  (Napalpi Aboriginal Colony)
NEUQUEN Government of NEUQUEN National Territory  (Neuquen + Chos Malal)
PUNA OF ATACAMA Disputed Territory of PUNA OF ATACAMA  (Rinconada + Mina Pirquitas)
RIO NEGRO Government of RIO NEGRO National Territory  (Viedma)
RIOJA THE RIOJA Province  (City of All Saints of The New Rioja)
SALTA SALTA Province  (Salta City)
SAN JUAN SAN JUAN Province  (San Juan of the Frontier)
SAN LUIS SAN LUIS Province  (San Luis de Loyola of the New Medina of Rio Seco)
SANTA CRUZ Government of SANTA CRUZ National Territory  (Rio Gallegos)
SANTA FE SANTA FE Province  (Santa Fe of the Vera Cruz City)
SANTIAGO OF THE ESTERO SANTIAGO OF THE ESTERO Province : Saint-James-Upon-The-Lagoon Province  (Santiago of the Estero of the New Maestrazgo)
TUCUMAN TUCUMAN Province  (San Miguel of Tucuman)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

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