1975-NOV-25



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALIZED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


AUSTRALIA
UNO Member
Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA  (Canberra)Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA (en )n  (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BRITISH WESTERN PACIFIC
De facto Semi-Independent
British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC TERRITORIES  (Honiara)British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC TERRITORIES (en)  (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
COOK ISLANDS
De facto Semi-Independent
Associated Territory of COOK ISLANDS  (Avarua)Territory of COOK ISLANDS (en) + Ko ngā KŪKI ´ĀIRANI (rar)  (Avarua) Queen Elizabeth II
FIJI
UNO Member
Dominion of FIJI  (Suva)Dominion of FIJI (en) + VITI (fj)  (Suva) Queen Elizabeth II
NAGRIAMEL
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Upper Council of Federation of NA-GRIAMEL  (Vanafo)Haut-Conseil de la Fédération de NA-GRIAMEL (fr) + Upper Council of Federation of NA-GRIAMEL (en) + NAKRIAMEL Muvman (bi)  (Vanafo) Jimmy Stevens
NAURU
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of NAURU  (Yaren q)Repubrikin NAOERO (na) + Republic of NAURU (en)  (Yaren) President Hammer DeRoburt
NEW ZEALAND
UNO Member
Dominion of NEW ZEALAND  (Wellington)Dominion of NEW ZEALAND (en)  (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
NIUE
De facto Semi-Independent
Associated Territory of NIUE  (Alofi)Territory of NIUE (en) + NIUË (niu)  (Alofi) Queen Elizabeth II
NORTH SOLOMONS
De facto IndependentRebellion
Republic of NORTH SOLOMONS  (Kieta)Republic of NORTH SOLOMONS (en)  (Kieta) President Alexis Sarei
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
UNO Member
Independent State of PAPUA NEW GUINEA  (Port Moresby a + Konedobu b)Independen Stet bilong PAPUA NIUGINI (tpi) + Independent State of PAPUA NEW GUINEA (en) + Independen Stet blong PAPUA-MATAMATA GUINEA (ho)  (Pot Mosbi + Konedhubu) Queen Elizabeth II
TONGA
De facto Independent
Kingdom of TONGA  (Nukualofa)Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo TONGA (to) + Kingdom of TONGA (en)  (Nuku´alofa) King Taufa´ahau Tupou IV
WEST PAPUA
RebellionExile
Free and Independent WEST PAPUA : Republic of WEST PAPUA  (Amersfoort)Organisesi Papua Merdeka : Republik PAPUA BARAT (id)  (Amersfoort) President Markus Wonggor Kaisiepo
WESTERN SAMOA
UNO Observer
Independent State of WESTERN SAMOA  (Apia)Malo Sa´oloto Tuto´atasi o SĀMOA I SISIFO (sm) + Independent State of WESTERN SAMOA (en)  (Apia) Malietoa Tanumafili II

13 Polities (4 members of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


ABORIGINALS OF AUSTRALIA
Rebellion
ABORIGINAL Tent Embassy  (Tent Embassy)ABORIGINAL Tent Embassy (en)  (Tent Embassy) Charlie Perkins
CORALLAND
Rebellion
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN LINE ISLANDS Groups [Unrecognized Self-declared United Kingdom of Coralland]  (Malden)CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN LINE ISLANDS Groups (en)  (Malden) Patrick Watters
FREEDOM
Micronation
Independent Religious State of FREEDOM  (Warragamba)Independent Religious State of FREEDOM (en)  (Warragamba) Ronald Grafton Sarina
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
Rebellion
HAWAIIAN Sovereignty Movement  (Honolulu)HAWAIIAN Sovereignty Movement (en) + Ke ea HAWAI´I (haw)  (Honolulu) Charles Kauluwehi Maxwell
HUTT RIVER PROVINCE
Micronation
HUTT RIVER PROVINCE Principality  (Nain)HUTT RIVER PROVINCE Principality (en)  (Nain) Prince Leonard I
LARRAKIA
Rebellion
LARRAKIA Community [Claim of Kenbi Land]  (Nightcliff + Kulalak)LARRAKIA Community (en)  (Nightcliff + Kulaluk) Raylene Singh
NAGRIAMEL
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Upper Council of Federation of NA-GRIAMEL  (Vanafo)Haut-Conseil de la Fédération de NA-GRIAMEL (fr) + Upper Council of Federation of NA-GRIAMEL (en) + NAKRIAMEL Muvman (bi)  (Vanafo) Jimmy Stevens
NORTH SOLOMONS
De facto IndependentRebellion
Republic of NORTH SOLOMONS  (Kieta)Republic of NORTH SOLOMONS (en)  (Kieta) President Alexis Sarei
WEST PAPUA
RebellionExile
Free and Independent WEST PAPUA : Republic of WEST PAPUA  (Amersfoort)Organisesi Papua Merdeka : Republik PAPUA BARAT (id)  (Amersfoort) President Markus Wonggor Kaisiepo

9 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


BRITISH WESTERN PACIFIC
De facto Semi-Independent
British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC TERRITORIES  (Honiara)British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC TERRITORIES (en)  (Honiara)
NEW HEBRIDES
Condominium of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)NEW HEBRIDES Condominium (en) + Condominium des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
PACIFIC ISLANDS
Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS [United Nations Trust Territory under American Administration]  (Garapan on Saipan)United Nations Trust Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS (en)  (Garapan on Saipan)

3 Protected Entities


Federated & Regionalised Polities


AOBA-MAEWO
Federated
Federated Islands of AOBA-MAEWO  (Longana)AMBAE-MAEWO Aelan (bi) + Îles fédérées d´AOBA-MAÉWO + Federated Islands of AOBA-MAEWO  (Longana)
ATAFU
Federated
Chiefdom of ATAFU Atoll  (Fale on Atafu)ATAFU Atoll (en) + Faipule o ATAFU (tkl)  (Fale on Atafu)
BANKS AND TORRES ISLANDS
Federated
Federated Islands of BANKS AND TORRES  (Sola)TOR-BA Aelan (bi) + Îles fédérées de BANKS ET TORRES (fr) + Federated Islands of BANKS AND TORRES (en)  (Sola)
CAROLINE ISLAND
Federated
Atoll of CAROLINE ISLAND  (Victoria)CAROLINE ISLAND Atoll (en)  (Victoria)
CENTRAL
CENTRAL Province  (Konedobu)CENTRAL Province (en) + SENTRAL Provins (tpi) + SENTRAL Provins (ho)  (Konedhubu)
CHIMBU
CHIMBU Province : Simbu  (Kundiawa)SIMBU Province (en) + SIMBU Provins (tpi)  (Kundiawa)
EAST NEW BRITAIN
EAST NEW BRITAIN Province  (Rabaul)EAST NEW BRITAIN Province (en) + IS NIU BRITEN Provins (tpi)  (Rabaul)
EAST SEPIK
EAST SEPIK Province  (Wewak)EAST SEPIK Province (en) + IS SEPIK Provins (tpi)  (Wewak)
EASTERN HIGHLANDS
EASTERN HIGHLANDS Province  (Goroka)EASTERN HIGHLANDS Province (en) + ISTEN HAILANS Provins (tpi)  (Goroka)
ENGA
ENGA Province  (Wabag)ENGA Province (en) + ENGA Provins (tpi)  (Wabag)
FAKAOFO
Federated
Chiefdom of FAKAOFO Atoll  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo)FAKAOFO Atoll (en) + Faipule o FAKAOFO (tkl)  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo)
FLINT ISLAND
Federated
FLINT Island  (Elizabeth)FLINT Island (en)  (Elizabeth)
FLY RIVER
Western Province : FLY RIVER Province  (Daru)Western Province : FLY RIVER Province (en) + FLAI Provins (tpi)  (Daru)
FRENCH POLYNESIA
Federated
French Overseas Territory of FRENCH POLYNESIA [Government Council]  (Papeete)Territoire d´outre-mer français de la POLYNÉSIE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Pape´ete)
GULF
GULF Province : Goeland Province  (Kerema)GULF Province (en) + GULF Provins (tpi) + GOELAND Provins (ho)  (Kerema)
HAWAII
Federated
State of HAWAII  (Honolulu)State of HAWAI´I (en) + Mokuʻāina o HAWAI´I (haw)  (Honolulu)
HIGHLANDS
HIGHLANDS Region  (Mount Hagen)HIGHLANDS Region (en) + HAILANS Rijen (tpi)  (Maun Hagen)
IRIAN JAYA
IRIAN JAYA Province  (Jayapura)Provinsi IRIAN JAYA (id)  (Jayapura)
ISLANDS
ISLANDS Region  (Rabaul)ISLANDS Region (en) + AILANS Rijen (tpi)  (Rabaul)
JOHNSTON ISLAND
JOHNSTON ISLAND United States Defense Nuclear Agency Administration  (Johnston Island)JOHNSTON ISLAND United States Defense Nuclear Agency Administration (en)  (Johnston Island)
KINGMAN REEF
United States Navy Administration of KINGMAN REEF  (Kingman Reef)United States Navy Administration of KINGMAN REEF (en)  (Kingman Reef)
MADANG
MADANG Province  (Madang)MADANG Province (en) + MADANG Provins (tpi)  (Madang)
MALDEN ISLAND
Federated
MALDEN ISLAND Wildlife Sanctuary  (Malden)MALDEN ISLAND Wildlife Sanctuary (en)  (Malden)
MANUS
MANUS Province  (Lorengau)MANUS Province (en) + MANUS Provins (tpi)  (Lorengau)
MARIANA ISLANDS
MARIANA ISLANDS District  (Garapan on Saipan)MARIANA ISLANDS District (en)  (Garapan on Saipan)
MARSHALL ISLANDS
District of THE MARSHALL ISLANDS  (Dalap-Uliga-Darrit on Majuro)District of THE MARSHALL ISLANDS (en)  (Dalap-Uliga-Darrit on Majuro)
MIDWAY ISLAND
United States Naval Facility MIDWAY ISLAND  (Midway)United States Naval Facility MIDWAY ISLAND (en)  (Midway)
MILNE BAY
MILNE BAY Province  (Alotau)MILNE BAY Province (en) + MILNE BE Provins (tpi) + MASSIM Provins (ho)  (Alotau)
MOMASE
MOMASE Region  (Madang)MOMASE Region (en) + MOMASE Rijen (tpi)  (Madang)
MOROBE
MOROBE Province  (Lae)MOROBE Province (en) + MOROBE Provins (tpi)  (Lae)
NEW CALEDONIA
Federated
French Overseas Territory of NEW CALEDONIA  (Noumea)Territoire d´outre-mer français de NOUVELLE-CALÉDONIE (fr)  (Nouméa)
NEW IRELAND
NEW IRELAND Province  (Kavieng)NEW IRELAND Province (en) + NIU AILAN Provins (tpi)  (Kavieng)
NEW SOUTH WALES
Federated
State of NEW SOUTH WALES  (Sydney)State of NEW SOUTH WALES (en)  (Sydney)
NUKUNONU
Federated
Chiefdom of NUKUNONU Atoll  (Nukunonu)NUKUNONU Atoll (en) + Faipule o NUKUNONU (tkl)  (Nukunonu)
ORO
Northern Province : ORO Province  (Popondetta)Northern Province : ORO Province (en) + ORO Provins (tpi)  (Popondetta)
PACIFIC REMOTE ISLANDS
PACIFIC REMOTE ISLANDS National Wildlife Refuge Complex : United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges  ((Washington-District of Columbia))PACIFIC REMOTE ISLANDS National Wildlife Refuge Complex : United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges (en)  ((Washington-District of Columbia))
PALAU
District of PALAU  (Koror)District of PALAU (en)  (Koror)
PONAPE
PONAPE District  (Kolonia on Ponape)PONAPE District (en)  (Kolonia on Ponape)
PORT MORESBY
City of PORT MORESBY  (Port Moresby)City of PORT MORESBY (en) + POT MOSBI Taun (tpi) + POT MOSBI Taun (ho)  (Pot Mosbi)
QUEENSLAND
Federated
State of QUEENSLAND  (Brisbane)State of QUEENSLAND (en)  (Brisbane)
SANTO ISLANDS
Federated
Federated Islands of SANTO  (Vanafo)SANTO Aelan (bi) + Îles fédérées de SANTO (fr) + Federated Islands of SANTO (en)  (Vanafo)
SOLOMON ISLANDS
Autonomous Territory of SOLOMON ISLANDS  (Honiara)Territory of SOLOMON ISLANDS (en)  (Honiara)
SOUTH AUSTRALIA
Federated
State of SOUTH AUSTRALIA  (Adelaide)State of SOUTH AUSTRALIA (en)  (Adelaide)
SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS
SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS Province  (Mendi)SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS Province (en) + SAUTEN HAILANS Provins (tpi)  (Mendi)
SOUTHERN-PAPUA
Southern Region : PAPUA Region  (Port Moresby)SOUTHERN Region (en) + SAUTEN Rijen (tpi) + PAPUA Rijen (ho)  (Pot Mosbi)
STARBUCK ISLAND
Federated
STARBUCK Island  (Starbuck)STARBUCK Island (en)  (Starbuck)
TASMANIA
Federated
State of TASMANIA  (Hobart)State of TASMANIA (en)  (Hobart)
TRUK
TRUK District  (Moen on Truk)TRUK District (en)  (Moen)
VICTORIA
Federated
State of VICTORIA  (Melbourne)State of VICTORIA (en)  (Melbourne)
VOSTOK ISLAND
Federated
VOSTOK ISLAND Area  (Edwards)VOSTOK ISLAND Area (en)  (Edwards)
WAKE ISLAND
United States Unincorporated Territory of WAKE ISLAND  (Wake Island Air Force Base)United States Unincorporated Territory of WAKE ISLAND Air Force Base (en)  (Wake Island Air Force Base)
WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS
Federated
French Overseas Territory of the WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS  (Mata-Utu on Uvea)Territoire d´outre-mer français des ÎLES WALLIS ET FUTUNA (fr)  (Mata-Utu sur Uvéa)
WEST NEW BRITAIN
WEST NEW BRITAIN Province  (Kimbe)WEST NEW BRITAIN Province (en) + WES NIU BRITEN Provins (tpi)  (Kimbe)
WEST SEPIK
WEST SEPIK Province  (Vanimo)WEST SEPIK Province (en) + WES SEPIK Provins (tpi)  (Vanimo)
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
Federated
State of WESTERN AUSTRALIA  (Perth)State of WESTERN AUSTRALIA (en)  (Perth)
WESTERN HIGHLANDS
WESTERN HIGHLANDS Province  (Mount Hagen)WESTERN HIGHLANDS Province (en) + WESTEN HAILANS Provins (tpi)  (Maun Hagen)
YAP
YAP District  (Colonia on Yap)YAP District (en)  (Colonia on Yap)

57 Federated or Regionalized Polities


Territories & Dependencies


AMERICAN SAMOA
Autonomous Territory of AMERICAN SAMOA  (Pago Pago [l][q] + Fagatogo [c] + Utulei [b])Territory of AMERICAN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o AMERIKA SĀMOA (sm)  (Pago Pago + Fagatogo + Utulei)
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL Territory  (Canberra)AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL Territory (en)  (Canberra)
CANTON AND ENDERBURY ISLANDS
Anglo-American Condominium of CANTON AND ENDERBURY ISLANDS  (Canton Island)Anglo-American Condominium of CANTON AND ENDERBURY ISLANDS (en)  (Canton Island)
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT on Kealakekua Bay  (Captain James Cook Monument)CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT on Kealakekua Bay (en)  (Captain James Cook Monument)
CHRISTMAS ISLAND
Australian Territory of CHRISTMAS ISLAND  (The Settlement of Flying Fish Cove)Territory of CHRISTMAS ISLAND (en )r  (The Settlement of Flying Fish Cove)
COCOS KEELING ISLANDS
Territory of COCOS KEELING ISLANDS  (Bantam Village on West Island)Territory of COCOS KEELING ISLANDS (en )r + Wilayah PULU KOKOS KEELING (coa )r  (Bantam Village on West Island)
CORAL SEA ISLANDS
CORAL SEA ISLANDS Territory  (South Islet of Willis Island)CORAL SEA ISLANDS Territory (en)  (South Islet of Willis Island)
CORALLAND
Rebellion
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN LINE ISLANDS Groups [Unrecognized Self-declared United Kingdom of Coralland]  (Malden)CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN LINE ISLANDS Groups (en)  (Malden)
ELLICE ISLANDS
British Dependency of ELLICE ISLANDS  (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti)British Dependency of ELLICE ISLANDS (en)  (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti)
GILBERT ISLANDS
British Crown Colony of GILBERT ISLANDS  (Bairiki on South Tarawa)British Crown Colony of GILBERT ISLANDS (en)  (Bairiki on South Tarawa)
GUAM
United States Unincorporated Organized Territory of GUAM  (Agana)GUAM Unincorporated and Organized Territory of the United States (en)  (Agaña)
MINERVA REEFS
MINERVA REEFS Area  (Minerva)MINERVA Reefs (en) + Ongo TELEKI (to)  (Minerva)
MINOR ISLANDS
New Zealand MINOR ISLANDS  ((Wellington))New Zealand MINOR ISLANDS (en)  ((Wellington))
MURUROA AND FANGATAUFA
State Domain of MURUROA AND FANGATAUFA [Experiment Center of the Pacific]  (Mururoa + Fangataufa)Centre d´Expérimentation du Pacifique : CEP - Domaine de l´État de MORUROA ET FANGATAUFA (fr)  (Moruroa + Fangataufa)
NEW HEBRIDES
Condominium of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)NEW HEBRIDES Condominium (en) + Condominium des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
NORFOLK ISLAND
Australian Territory of NORFOLK ISLAND  (Kingston)Australian Territory of NORFOLK ISLAND (en)  (Kingston)
NORTHERN TERRITORY
Federal Territory of NORTHERN TERRITORY  (Darwin)Federal Territory of NORTHERN TERRITORY (en)  (Darwin)
PACIFIC ISLANDS
Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS [United Nations Trust Territory under American Administration]  (Garapan on Saipan)United Nations Trust Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS (en)  (Garapan on Saipan)
PACIFIC OCEAN
High Commission of the Republic in THE PACIFIC OCEAN  (Numea)Haut-Commissariat de la République dans l´OCÉAN PACIFIQUE (fr)  (Nouméa)
PALMYRA ISLAND
PALMYRA ISLAND Incorporated Territory of the United States  (Palmyra Island)PALMYRA ISLAND Incorporated Territory of the United States (en)  (Palmyra Island)
PITCAIRN AND DEPENDENCIES
British Colony of PITCAIRN AND DEPENDENCIES  (Adamstown)British Colony of PITCAIRN AND DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Adamstown)
ROTUMA
Fijian Dependency of ROTUMA  (Ahau)Fijian Dependency of ROTUMA (en) + Rotuna : ROTUMA (fj)  (Ahau)
TOKELAU ISLANDS
TOKELAU ISLANDS District [New Zealand Administration]  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo)TOKELAU ISLANDS District (en)  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo)
UNITED STATES MISCELLANEOUS ISLANDS
UNITED STATES MISCELLANEOUS ISLANDS Territories  ((Washington-District of Columbia) + Wake Island [v])UNITED STATES MISCELLANEOUS ISLANDS Territories (en)  ((Washington-District of Columbia) + Wake Island)

24 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND
Organisation
Maritime Law Association of Australia and New Zealand : MLAANZ  (Melbourne)Maritime Law Association of Australia and New Zealand : MLAANZ (en)  (Melbourne) President Frank Dethridge (au)
SOUTH PACIFIC
Organisation
South Pacific Commission : SPC  (Noumea)South Pacific Commission : SPC (en) + Commissariat du Pacifique-Sud : CPS (fr)  (Nouméa) SG Gustav Betham (ws)
SOUTH PACIFIC ISLANDS
Organisation
South Pacific Forum : SPF  (Suva)South Pacific Forum : SPF (en) + Forum du Pacifique-Sud : FPS (fr)  (Suva) Director Mahe Tupouniua (to)

3 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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