1900-JAN-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALISED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


BRITISH WESTERN PACIFIC
De facto Semi-Independent
British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC Territories  (Suva)British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC Territories (en)  (Suva) Queen Victoria
COOK ISLANDS
De facto Semi-Independent
COOK ISLANDS Federation [British Protectorate]  (Avarua)COOK ISLANDS Federation (en) + Te KŪKI ''ĀIRANI (rar)  (Avarua) Queen Makea Takau Ariki
HAWAII
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of HAWAII  (Honolulu)Republic of HAWAI''I (en) + Lepupalika ʻo HAWAI''I (haw)  (Honolulu) President Sanford Ballard Dole
JENNINGS ISLAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Semi-Independent Proprietary Settlement of JENNINGS ISLAND  (Etena)Proprietary Settlement of JENNINGS ISLAND (en)  (Etena) King Jennings
NIUE-FEKAI
De facto Independent
Kingdom of NIUE-FEKAI  (Alofi)Patu-iki NIUĒ-FEKAI (niu)  (Alofi) King Togia Puletoaki
OCEAN ISLAND
De facto Independent
OCEAN ISLAND Chiefdom  (Tabiang)Aba ni BWANABA (gil)  (Tabiang) Chief Raobeia
SAMOA
De facto Semi-Independent
Provisional Government of the Tripartite Protectorate of the Kingdom of SAMOA  (Apia)Tripartite Protectorate of the Kingdom of SAMOA (en) + Protektorat des Königreiche SAMOA (de) + Malo o SAMOA (sm)  (Apia) Provisional Government
TONGA
De facto Independent
Kingdom of TONGA  (Nukualofa)Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo TONGA (to)  (Nuku''alofa) King George Tupou II

8 Polities (0 member of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile



0 Rebel Entity


Protectorates & Mandates


BRITISH WESTERN PACIFIC
De facto Semi-Independent
British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC Territories  (Suva)British Western Pacific High Commission : WESTERN PACIFIC Territories (en)  (Suva)
COOK ISLANDS
De facto Semi-Independent
COOK ISLANDS Federation [British Protectorate]  (Avarua)COOK ISLANDS Federation (en) + Te KŪKI ''ĀIRANI (rar)  (Avarua)
DANGER ISLANDS
Protectorate of Pukapuka Island : Chiefdom of DANGER ISLANDS  (Roto)Protectorate of DANGER ISLANDS (en) + Te Ulu o te Watu : BUKABUKA (pkp)  (Roto)
GERMAN NEW GUINEA
Protectorate of GERMAN NEW GUINEA  (Herbertshohe)Schutzgebiet DEUTSCH NEU-GUINEA (de)  (Herbertshöhe)
GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS
Protectorate of GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS  (Sohano)Protektorat DEUTSCHEN SALOMON INSELN (de)  (Sohano)
GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS
British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS  (Butaritari Village)British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS (en)  (Butaritari Village)
JALUIT-MARSHALL ISLANDS
JALUIT Company [German Protectorate of the Marshall Islands]  (Jabor)Landeshauptmannschaft JALUIT-Marshall Inseln (de)  (Jabor)
MANIHIKI
British Protectorate of the Chiefdom of MANIHIKI ISLAND  (Tauhunu)Chiefdom of MANIHIKI ISLAND (en) + MANOHIKI (rkh)  (Tauhunu)
NEW HEBRIDES
Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES (en) + Commissions navales anglo-françaises des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
RAKAHANGA
British Protectorate of RAKAHANGA  (Matara)British Protectorate of RAKAHANGA (en) + RAKAHANGA (rkh)  (Matara)
SAMOA
De facto Semi-Independent
Provisional Government of the Tripartite Protectorate of the Kingdom of SAMOA  (Apia)Tripartite Protectorate of the Kingdom of SAMOA (en) + Protektorat des Königreiche SAMOA (de) + Malo o SAMOA (sm)  (Apia)

11 Protected Entities


Federated & Regionalised Polities


ATAFU
Federated
Chiefdom of ATAFU  (Fale on Atafu)Chiefdom of ATAFU (en) + Aliki ATAFU (tkl)  (Fale on Atafu)
ATIU
Federated
Chiefdom of Enuamanu and Takutea : ATIU  (Mapumai)Chiefdom of ENUAMANU AND TAKUTEA (en) + ATIU (rar)  (Mapumai)
AVARUA
Federated
High Chiefdom of AVARUA  (Avarua)High Chiefdom of AVARUA (en) + TE-AU-O-TONGA Vaka (rar)  (Avarua)
BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS
Federated
BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS Protectorate  (Tulagi)BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS Protectorate (en)  (Tulagi)
ELLICE ISLANDS
British Protectorate of ELLICE ISLANDS  (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti)British Protectorate of ELLICE ISLANDS (en)  (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti)
FAKAOFO
Federated
Chiefdom of FAKAOFO  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo)Chiefdom of FAKAOFO (en) + Aliki o FAKAOFO (tkl)  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo)
FIJI
Federated
British Colony of FIJI  (Suva)British Colony of FIJI (en)  (Suva)
FRENCH OCEANIA
Federated
Settlements of OCEANIA  (Papeete)Établissements de l''OCÉANIE (fr)  (Pape''ete)
GILBERT ISLANDS
British Protectorate of GILBERT ISLANDS  (Butaritari Village)British Protectorate of GILBERT ISLANDS (en)  (Butaritari Village)
MANGAIA
Federated
Kingdom of MANGAIA  (Oneroa)Kingdom of MANGAIA (en) + AUAU Enua (rar)  (Oneroa)
MAUKE
Federated
Akatokamanava Island : Chiefdom of MAUKE  (Kimiangatau)Chiefdom of MAUKE (en) + MA''UKE (rar)  (Kimiangatau)
MITIARO
Federated
Chiefdom of MITIARO  (Mangarei)Chiefdom of MITIARO (en) + MITIARO (rar)  (Mangarei)
NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES
Federated
French Colony of NEW CALEDONIA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Numea)Colonie française de NOUVELLE-CALÉDONIE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Nouméa)
NEW SOUTH WALES
Federated
British Colony of NEW SOUTH WALES  (Sydney)British Colony of NEW SOUTH WALES (en)  (Sydney)
NUKUNONU
Federated
Chiefdom of NUKUNONU  (Nukunonu)Chiefdom of NUKUNONU (en) + Aliki o NUKUNONU (tkl)  (Nukunonu)
PHOENIX ISLANDS
Federated
British Protectorate of PHOENIX ISLANDS  (Sydney)British Protectorate of PHOENIX ISLANDS (en)  (Sydney)
PUAIKURA
Federated
High Chiefdom of PUAIKURA  (Arorangi)High Chiefdom of PUAIKURA (en) + PŪA''IKURA Vaka (rar)  (Arorangi)
QUEENSLAND
Federated
British Colony of QUEENSLAND  (Brisbane)British Colony of QUEENSLAND (en)  (Brisbane)
RAROTONGA
Federated
Kingdom of RAROTONGA  (Avarua)Kingdom of RAROTONGA (en) + RAROTONGA Ariki (rar)  (Avarua)
RIMATARA
Federated
French Protectorate of the Kingdom of RIMATARA  (Amaru)Royaume de RIMATARA (fr) + Ari`i RIMATARA (aut)  (Amaru)
RURUTU
Federated
French Protectorate of the Kingdom of RURUTU  (Moerai)Royaume de RURUTU (fr) + Ari`i RURUTU (aut)  (Moerai)
SOUTH AUSTRALIA
Federated
British Colony of SOUTH AUSTRALIA  (Adelaide)British Colony of SOUTH AUSTRALIA (en)  (Adelaide)
TAKITUMU
Federated
High Chiefdom of TAKITUMU  (Takitumu)High Chiefdom of TAKITUMU (en) + TĀKITUMU Vaka (rar)  (Takitumu)
TASMANIA
Federated
British Colony of TASMANIA  (Hobart)British Colony of TASMANIA (en)  (Hobart)
TERNATE
Federated
Residency of TERNATE [Dutch Colony of Moluccas and New Guinea]  (Ternate)Nederlandse Kolonie van Molukken en Nieuw-Guinea : Residentie TERNATE (nl)  (Ternate)
UNION ISLANDS
Federated
British Protectorate of UNION ISLANDS  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo + Nukunonu + Fale on Atafu)British Protectorate of UNION GROUP (en) + TOKELAU (tkl)  (Fenuafala on Fakaofo + Nukunonu + Fale on Atafu)
UTATAKI
Federated
Chiefdom of Araura and Manuae : UTATAKI  (Arutanga)Chiefdom of ARA''URA AND MANUAE (en) + UTATAKI (rar)  (Arutanga)
VICTORIA
Federated
British Colony of VICTORIA  (Melbourne)British Colony of VICTORIA (en)  (Melbourne)
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
Federated
British Colony of WESTERN AUSTRALIA  (Perth)British Colony of WESTERN AUSTRALIA (en)  (Perth)

29 Federated or Regionalised Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ASHMORE ISLAND
British Territory of ASHMORE ISLAND  (Ashmore)British Territory of ASHMORE ISLAND (en)  (Ashmore)
AUSTRALIA
British Colonies in Australasia : AUSTRALIA  (Sydney)British Colonies in Australasia : AUSTRALIA (en)  (Sydney)
BRITISH NEW GUINEA
British Colony of NEW GUINEA  (Port Moresby)British Colony of NEW GUINEA (en)  (Port Moresby)
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT on Kealakekua Bay  (Captain James Cook Monument)CAPTAIN JAMES COOK MONUMENT on Kealakekua Bay (en)  (Captain James Cook Monument)
CARTIER ISLAND
British CARTIER ISLAND  (Cartier)British CARTIER ISLAND (en)  (Cartier)
CHRISTMAS
British annexed CHRISTMAS ISLAND  (London Village on Christmas)British CHRISTMAS ISLAND (en)  (London Village on Christmas)
DANGER ISLANDS
Protectorate of Pukapuka Island : Chiefdom of DANGER ISLANDS  (Roto)Protectorate of DANGER ISLANDS (en) + Te Ulu o te Watu : BUKABUKA (pkp)  (Roto)
DUCIE
Unclaimed Island of DUCIE  (Ducie)Island of DUCIE (en)  (Ducie)
ENDERBURY ISLAND
British Claimed Zone of ENDERBURY ISLAND  (Enderbury)British Zone of ENDERBURY ISLAND (en)  (Enderbury)
FANNING ISLAND
British annexed FANNING ISLAND  (English Harbour)British FANNING ISLAND (en)  (English Harbour)
FLINT ISLAND
FLINT ISLAND Zone [British Claimed Zone]  (Flint)FLINT ISLAND Zone (en)  (Flint)
GERMAN NEW GUINEA
Protectorate of GERMAN NEW GUINEA  (Herbertshohe)Schutzgebiet DEUTSCH NEU-GUINEA (de)  (Herbertshöhe)
GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS
Protectorate of GERMAN SOLOMON ISLANDS  (Sohano)Protektorat DEUTSCHEN SALOMON INSELN (de)  (Sohano)
GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS
British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS  (Butaritari Village)British Protectorates of THE GILBERT AND ELLICE ISLANDS (en)  (Butaritari Village)
GUAM
United States Territory of GUAM  (Agana)United States Territory of GUAM (en)  (Agana)
GUANO ISLANDS
GUANO ISLANDS United States Unincorporated Possessions  ((Washington-District of Columbia))GUANO ISLANDS United States Unincorporated Possessions (en)  ((Washington-District of Columbia))
HOWLAND BAKER AND JARVIS ISLANDS
HOWLAND BAKER AND JARVIS ISLANDS Group  (Bakerton Harbor)HOWLAND BAKER AND JARVIS ISLANDS Group (en)  (Bakerton Harbor)
JALUIT-MARSHALL ISLANDS
JALUIT Company [German Protectorate of the Marshall Islands]  (Jabor)Landeshauptmannschaft JALUIT-Marshall Inseln (de)  (Jabor)
MANIHIKI
British Protectorate of the Chiefdom of MANIHIKI ISLAND  (Tauhunu)Chiefdom of MANIHIKI ISLAND (en) + MANOHIKI (rkh)  (Tauhunu)
MANUA ISLANDS
Chiefdom of MANUA ISLANDS Group  (Ta''u)Chiefdom of MANUA ISLANDS (en) + Tui MANU''A TELE (sm)  (Taʻū)
MARIANA ISLANDS
German District of MARIANA ISLANDS  (Saipan)Bezirk MARIANEN (de)  (Saipan)
MINOR ISLANDS
New Zealand MINOR ISLANDS  ((Wellington))New Zealand MINOR ISLANDS (en)  ((Wellington))
NEW HEBRIDES
Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES  (Port Vila)Anglo-French Naval Commissions of NEW HEBRIDES (en) + Commissions navales anglo-françaises des NOUVELLES-HÉBRIDES (fr)  (Port Vila)
NEW ZEALAND
British Colony of NEW ZEALAND  (Wellington)British Colony of NEW ZEALAND (en)  (Wellington)
O''KEEFE''S ISLAND
Kingdom of O''KEEFE''S ISLAND  (Tarang)Kingdom of O''KEEFE''S ISLAND (en) + Terang : TARAANG (yap) + TARANG Insel (de)  (Tarang)
PACIFIC OCEAN
High Commission of THE PACIFIC OCEAN  (Numea)Haut-Commissariat de l''OCÉAN PACIFIQUE (fr)  (Nouméa)
PALMERSTON
British Island of PALMERSTON  (Palmerston)British Island of PALMERSTON (en)  (Palmerston)
PALMYRA ISLAND
Hawaiian Dependency of PALMYRA ISLAND  (Palmyra Island)Dependency of PALMYRA ISLAND (en) + PALMYRA (haw)  (Palmyra Island)
PASSION ISLAND
Mexican Dependency of PASSION ISLAND [American Concession]  (Clipperton)Dependencia mexicana de la ISLA DE LA PASIÓN (es) + Mexican Dependency of CLIPPERTON ISLAND (en)  (Cliporton)
PENRHYN
Chiefdom of TONGAREVA ISLAND : Penrhyn Island  (Omoka)Chiefdom of PENRHYN ISLAND (en) + Māngarongaro : TONGAREVA (pnh)  (Omoka)
RAKAHANGA
British Protectorate of RAKAHANGA  (Matara)British Protectorate of RAKAHANGA (en) + RAKAHANGA (rkh)  (Matara)
STARBUCK ISLAND
STARBUCK Island  (Starbuck)STARBUCK Island (en)  (Starbuck)
SUVOROV
British Island of SUVOROV  (Suvorov)SUVOROV Island (en)  (Suvorov)
WASHINGTON ISLAND
British WASHINGTON ISLAND  (Tengkore)British WASHINGTON ISLAND (en)  (Tangkore)

34 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)



0 Organisation ou Grouping (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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