1900-JAN-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALISED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


ANDORRA
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of ANDORRA  (Andorra The Old)Principat d''ANDORRA (ca)  (Andorra La Vella) Coprince Salvador Casanas i Pages
AUSTRIA
PCA Member
Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council : AUSTRIAN Crownlands  (Vienna)Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder : ÖSTERREICH (de) + Imperium Austriacum : AUSTRIA (la)  (Wien) Emperor Francis Joseph I
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
De facto Independent
Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen : AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN Monarchy  (Vienna + Budapest)Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder und die Länder der heiligen Ungarischen Stephanskrone : ÖSTERREICHISCH-UNGARISCHE Monarchie (de) + A birodalmi tanácsban képviselt királyságok és országok és a magyar szent korona országai : Császári és Királyi OSZTRÁK–MAGYAR Monarchia (hu) + Imperium Austro-Hungaricum : AUSTROHUNGARIA (la) + V Říšské radě zastoupená království a země a Země svaté Štěpánské koruny uherské : RAHOUSKO-UHERSKO (cs) + AUSTRO-UGARSKA Monarhija (hr) + AUSTRO-UGARSKA Monarhija : AУСТРО-УГАРСКА монархија (sr) + Monarchia Austro-Węgierska : AUSTRO-WĘGRY (pl) + AVSTRO-UHORSHCHYNA Monarkiy : Королівства і Землі представлені в Імперіальній Раді та Землі Святої Угорської Корони Святого Стефана : АВСТРО-УГОРЩИНА Монархія (uk) + Monarhia Dunăreană : AUSTRO-UNGARIA (ro) + I regni e le terre rappresentate nel concilio imperiale e le terre della corona di Santo Stefano : Impero AUSTRO-UNGARICO (it)  (Wien + Budapest) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BELGIUM
PCA Member
Kingdom of BELGIUM  (Brussels)Koninkrijk BELGIË (nl) + Royaume de BELGIQUE (fr)  (Bruxelles) King Leopold II
BOHEMIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Lands of the Bohemian Crown of Saint Wenceslas : Kingdom of BOHEMIA  (Prague)Země Koruny české svatováclavské : ČESKÉ království (cs) + Böhmische Kronländer : Königreich BÖHMEN (de) + Regnum BOHEMIAE (la)  (Prag) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BUKOVINA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of BUKOVINA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Chernovitz)Herzogtum BUKOWINA (de) + Ducatus BUCOVINA (la) + Ducatul BUCOVINE (ro) + Hertsohstvo BUKOVYNA : Герцогство БУКОВИНА (uk) + Księstwo BUKOWINY (pl)  (Czernowitz) Emperor Francis Joseph I
BULGARIA
PCA Member
Autonomous Principality of BULGARIA [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Sofia)Knyazhestvo BALGARIYA : Княжество БЪЛГАРИЯ (bg)  (Sofija) Prince Ferdinand I
CARINTHIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of CARINTHIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Klagenfurt)Herzogtum KÄRNTEN (de) + Ducatum KARINTHIE (la) + Vojvodina KOROŠKA (sl)  (Klagenfurt) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CARNIOLA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of CARNIOLA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Laibach)Herzogtum KRAIN (de) + Ducatus CARNIOLAE (la)  (Laybach) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CRACOW
De facto Semi-Independent
Grand Duchy of CRACOW [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Cracow)Großherzogtum KRAKAU (de) + Wielkie Księstwo KRAKOWSKIE (pl) + Magni Ducatus CRACOVIAE (la)  (Krakau) Emperor Francis Joseph I
CRETE
De facto Semi-Independent
CRETAN State [International Council of the Principality of Crete under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Chania)KRITIKI Politia : ΚΡΗΤΙΚΗ Πολιτεία (el)  (Khania) King George I
CROATIA-SLAVONIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CROATIA-SLAVONIA  (Zagreb)Kraljevina HRVATSKA I SLAVONIJA (hr) + Horvát-Szlavón Királyság : HORVÁT-SZLAVÓNORSZÁG (hu) + Königreich KROATIEN UND SLAWONIEN (de) + Regnum CHROATIE-SLAVONIA (la)  (Zágráb) Emperor Francis Joseph I
DALMATIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of DALMATIA  (Zara)Königreich DALMATIEN (de) + Kraljevina DALMACIJA (hr) + Regno di DALMAZIA (it) + Regnum DALMATIA (la)  (Zadar) Emperor Francis Joseph I
DENMARK
PCA Member
Kingdom of DENMARK [Danish Colonial Empire]  (Copenhagen)Kongeriget DANMARK (da)  (Kjöbenhaven) King Christian IX
FINLAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Grand Duchy of FINLAND  (Helsingfors)Velikoye Knyazhestvo FINLYANDSKOYE : Великое княжество ФИНЛЯНДСКОЕ (ru) + SUOMEN suuriruhtinaskunta (fi) + Storfurstendömet FINLAND (sv)  (Helsingfors) Tsar Nicholas II
FRANCE
PCA Member
French Republic : FR [French Colonial Empire]  (Paris)République française : RF (fr)  (Paris) President Emile Loubet
GALICIA AND LODOMERIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of GALICIA AND LODOMERIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Lemberg)Königreich GALIZIEN UND LODOMERIEN (de) + Królestwo GALICJI I LODOMERII (pl) + CUMANIEQUE ET GALLAECIA Regnum (la)  (Lemberg) Emperor Francis Joseph I
GERMANY
PCA Member
GERMAN Realm [German Colonial Empire]  (Berlin)DEUTSCHES Reich (de)  (Berlin) Emperor William II
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND
PCA Member
United Kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND  (London)United Kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND (en)  (London) Queen Victoria
GREECE
De facto Independent
Kingdom of GREECE  (Athens)Vasílion tis ELLÁDOS : Βασίλειον τῆς ἙΛΛΑΔΟΣ (el)  (Athinai) King George I
GUERNSEY
De facto Semi-Independent
Bailiwick of GUERNSEY  (Saint Peter Port)Bailliage de GUERNESEY (fr) + Bailiwick of GUERNSEY (en) + Bailliage dé GUERNÉSI (xno)  (Saint Pierre Port) Queen Victoria
HOLY SEE
De facto Semi-Independent
Roman Catholic Church : HOLY SEE  (Vatican)Chiesa Cattolica Romana : SANTA SEDE (it) + Ecclesia Catholica Romana : SANCTA SEDES (la) + Église Catholique Romaine : SAINT-SIÈGE (fr)  (Vaticano) Pope Leo XIII
HUNGARY
PCA Member
Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen : Kingdom of HUNGARY  (Budapest)Szent István Koronájának Országai : MAGYAR Királyság (hu) + Die Länder der heiligen Ungarischen Stephanskrone : Königreich UNGARN (de) + Regnum Hungariae : HUNGARIA (la)  (Budapest) Emperor Francis Joseph I
ISLE OF MAN
De facto Semi-Independent
ISLE OF MAN Crown Dependency  (Douglas)ISLE OF MAN Crown Dependency (en) + ELLAN VANNIN (gv)  (Douglas) Queen Victoria
ITALY
PCA Member
Kingdom of ITALY  (Rome)Regno d''ITALIA (it)  (Roma) King Humbert I
JERSEY
De facto Semi-Independent
Bailiwick of JERSEY  (Saint Helier)Bailiwick of JERSEY (en) + Bailliage de JERSEY (fr) + Bailliage dé JÈRRI (xno)  (Saint Hélyi) Queen Victoria
LIECHTENSTEIN
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of LIECHTENSTEIN  (Vaduz)Fürstentum LIECHTENSTEIN (de)  (Vaduz) Prince Johann II the Good
LUXEMBURG
De facto Independent
Grand Duchy of LUXEMBURG  (Luxemburg)Groussherzogtum LËTZEBUERG (lb) + Grand-Duché de LUXEMBOURG (fr) + Großherzogtum LUXEMBURG (de)  (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Adolphe
MONACO
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of MONACO [French Protected State]  (Monaco)Principauté de MONACO (fr)  (Monaco) Prince Albert I
MONTENEGRO
De facto Independent
Principality of MONTENEGRO  (Cetinje)Knjaževina CRNA GORA : Књажевина ЦРНА ГОРА (srp)  (Cetině) Prince Nicholas I Petrovich-Njegosh
MOUNT ATHOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous State of THE HOLY MOUNTAIN OF ATHOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Karyes)Aftónomi Monastikí Politía AYÍOU ÓROUS : Αυτόνομη Μοναστικὴ Πολιτεία ἉΓΙΟΥ ὌΡΟΥΣ (el) + KUTSAL DAĞ Özerk Manastır Devleti (ota)  (Karyai) Patriarch Constantine V
NETHERLANDS
PCA Member
Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS [Dutch Colonial Empire]  (Amsterdam + The Hague)Koninkrijk der NEDERLANDEN (nl)  (Amsterdam + ''s-Gravenhage) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY
PCA Member
Kingdom of NORWAY  (Christiania)Kongeriket NORGE (no) + Kongeriket NOREG (nn)  (Kristiania) King Oscar II
OTTOMAN TURKEY
De facto Independent
The Exalted Ottoman State : Turkish OTTOMAN Empire  (Constantinople)Devlet-i Âliye-i OSMÂNIYYE : دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه (ota)  (Konstantiniyye) Sultan Abdulhamit II Gazi the Sublime Khan
PORTUGAL
PCA Member
Kingdom of PORTUGAL AND THE ALGARVES [Portuguese Empire]  (Lisbon)Reino de PORTUGAL E DOS ALGARVES : Império Português (pt)  (Lisboa) King Carlos I the Diplomat
RUMANIA
PCA Member
Kingdom of RUMANIA  (Bucharest)Regatul ROMÂNIEI (ro)  (București) King Carol I
RUSSIA
PCA Member
All RUSSIAN Empire  (Saint Petersburg)ROSSIYSKAYA Imperiya : РОССІЙСКАЯ Имперія (ru)  (Sankt-Peterburg) Tsar Nicholas II
SAMOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Principality of SAMOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Samos City)Hyemonia tis SÁMOU : Ηγεμονία της ΣΑΜΟΥ (el) + Beyliği SISAM : بييليğءي صيسام (ota)  (Sámos-Khora) Prince Konstantinos Vagianis
SAN MARINO
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino)Repubblica di SAN MARINO (it)  (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SERVIA
De facto Independent
Kingdom of SERVIA  (Belgrade)Kraljevina SRBIJA : Краљевина СРБИЈА (sr)  (Beograd) King Alexander I Obrenovich
SPAIN
PCA Member
Kingdom of SPAIN [Spanish Colonial Empire]  (Madrid)Reino de ESPAÑA : Imperio Español (es)  (Madrid) King Alfonso XII
STYRIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Duchy of STYRIA [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Graz)Herzogtum STEIERMARK (de) + Ducatus STYRIA (la)  (Graz) Emperor Francis Joseph I
SWEDEN
PCA Member
Kingdom of SWEDEN  (Stockholm)Konungariket SVERIGE (sv)  (Stockholm) King Oscar II
SWEDEN-NORWAY
De facto Independent
Union of the Kingdoms of SWEDEN AND NORWAY : Sweden-Norway Union  (Stockholm + Christiania)De Förenade Konungarikena SVERIGE OCH NORGE : Svensk-Norska Unionen (sv) + De forenede Kongeriger NORGE OG SVERIGE : Unionen mellom Norge og Sverige (no) + De forenede Kongeriger SVERIGE OG NORGE : Den svensk-norske union (da)  (Stockholm + Kritstiania) King Oscar II
SWITZERLAND
De facto Independent
SWISS Confederation  (Berne + Lausanne)SCHWEIZERISCHE Eidgenossenschaft (de) + Confédération SUISSE (fr) + Confederazione SVIZZERA (it) + Confœderatio HELVETICA -(la)  (Bern + Lausanne) President Walter Hauser
TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely County of TYROL AND THE VORARLBERG LAND [in Personal Union with Austria]  (Innsbruck)Gefürstete Grafschaft TIROL UND DAS LAND VORARLBERG (de) + Comitatus TYROLIS ET TERRA CISARULANA (la)  (Innsbruck) Emperor Francis Joseph I
UNITED KINGDOM
De facto Independent
BRITISH Empire  (London + Westminster)BRITISH Empire (en)  (London + Westminster) Queen Victoria
WARSAW
De facto Semi-Independent
Governorate-General of Warsaw : Provinces of the VISTULA COUNTRY Territory [Polish Kingdom in Personal Union with Russia]  (Warsaw)General-Gubernatorstvo Varshavy - PRIVISLYANSKY Kray - Privislinskiye Gubernii - Tsarstvo Polskoye : Генерал-губернаторство Варшавы - ПРИВИСЛИНСКИЙ Край - Привислинские губернии - Царство Польское (ru) + Kraj NADWIŚLAŃSKI : Królestwo Polskie (pl)  (Varshava) Tsar Nicholas II

48 Polities (16 members of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


BALKAN
Exile
League for the BALKAN Confederation  (Paris)Ligue de la Confédération des BALKANS (fr)  (Paris) Pavlos Argyriades
HANOVER CROWN
Exile
Kingdom of HANOVER in Exile  (Vienna)Haus HANNOVER (de)  (Wien) Crown-Prince Ernest Augustus II
MACEDONIA-ADRIANOPLE
Rebellion
Internal Macedono-Andrinopolitan Revolutionary Organization : IMARO Guerilla  ((Sofia) + Monastir + (Salonica))Vŭtreshna Makedono-Odrinska Revolyutsionna Organizatsiya : VMORO - Вътрешна Mакедоно-Oдринска Pеволюционна Oрганизация : BMOPO (bg) + Makedonska Revolucionerna Organizacija : MRO - Македонска Pеволуционерна Oрганизација : MPO (mk)  ((Sofija) + Manastır + (Selânik)) Gotse Delchev
SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM
Exile
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti)Cavalieri dell''Ordine dell''Ospedale di SAN GIOVANNI DI GERUSALEMME (it)  (Palazzo Malta + Via dei Condotti) Grandmaster Johann Baptist Ceschi a Santa Croce
TEUTONIC ORDER
Exile
Military Order of Brothers of the German House Saint Mary in Jerusalem : Autonomous Religious and Military Institute of the TEUTONIC ORDER under Habsburg Protection  (Vienna)Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus Sankt Mariens in Jerusalem : DEUTSCHER ORDEN (de)  (Wien) Grandmaster Archduke Eugen of Austria-Teschen

5 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


BULGARIA
PCA Member
Autonomous Principality of BULGARIA [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Sofia)Knyazhestvo BALGARIYA : Княжество БЪЛГАРИЯ (bg)  (Sofija)
CRETE
De facto Semi-Independent
CRETAN State [International Council of the Principality of Crete under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Chania)KRITIKI Politia : ΚΡΗΤΙΚΗ Πολιτεία (el)  (Khania)
LIECHTENSTEIN
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of LIECHTENSTEIN  (Vaduz)Fürstentum LIECHTENSTEIN (de)  (Vaduz)
MONACO
De facto Semi-Independent
Principality of MONACO [French Protected State]  (Monaco)Principauté de MONACO (fr)  (Monaco)
MOUNT ATHOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous State of THE HOLY MOUNTAIN OF ATHOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Karyes)Aftónomi Monastikí Politía AYÍOU ÓROUS : Αυτόνομη Μοναστικὴ Πολιτεία ἉΓΙΟΥ ὌΡΟΥΣ (el) + KUTSAL DAĞ Özerk Manastır Devleti (ota)  (Karyai)
SAMOS
De facto Semi-Independent
Autonomous Principality of SAMOS [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Samos City)Hyemonia tis SÁMOU : Ηγεμονία της ΣΑΜΟΥ (el) + Beyliği SISAM : بييليğءي صيسام (ota)  (Sámos-Khora)
SAN MARINO
De facto Semi-Independent
Republic of SAN MARINO [Italian Protectorate]  (San Marino)Repubblica di SAN MARINO (it)  (San Marino)

7 Protected Entities


Federated & Regionalised Polities


ANHALT
Federated
Duchy of ANHALT  (Dessau)Herzogtum ANHALT (de)  (Dessau)
APPENZELL-INNER RHODES
Federated
Canton of APPENZELL-INNER RHODES  (Appenzell)Kanton APPENZELL-INNERRHODEN (de)  (Appenzell)
APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES
Federated
Canton of APPENZELL-OUTER RHODES  (Herisau + Trogen)Kanton APPENZELL-AUSSERRHODEN (de)  (Herisau + Trogen)
ARGOVIA
Federated
Canton of ARGOVIA  (Aarau)Kanton AARGAU (de)  (Aarau)
AUSTRIAN LITTORAL
Federated
AUSTRIAN LITTORAL Crownland : Austrian Coastland Crownland  (Trieste)ÖSTERREICHISCHES KÜSTENLAND Kronland (de) + Territorium LITORALE AUSTRIACUM (la)  (Triest)
AUSTRIAN SILESIA
Federated
Austrian Crownland of the Duchy of UPPER AND LOWER SILESIA  (Troppau)Vévodství HORNÍ A DOLNÍ SLEZSKO (cs) + Herzogtum OBER-UND NIEDERSCHLESIEN (de) + Ducatus SILESIA SUPERIORIS ET INFERIORIS (la)  (Troppau)
BADEN
Federated
Grand Duchy of BADEN  (Karlsruhe)Großherzogtum BADEN (de)  (Karlsruhe)
BASLE-CITY
Federated
Canton of BASLE-CITY  (Basle)Kanton BASEL-STADT (de)  (Basel)
BASLE-COUNTRY
Federated
Canton of BASLE-COUNTRY  (Liestal)Kanton BASEL-LANDSCHAFT (de)  (Liestal)
BAVARIA
Federated
Kingdom of BAVARIA  (Munich)Königreich BAYERN (de)  (München)
BERNE
Federated
Canton of BERNE  (Berne)Kanton BERN (de) + Canton de BERNE (fr)  (Bern)
BOHEMIA
Federated
Austrian Crownland of BOHEMIA  (Prague)Kraje ČECHY (cs) + Königreich BÖHMEN (de) + BOHEMIA Regnum (la)  (Prag)
BRANDENBURG
Federated
Province of BRANDENBURG  (Postdam)Provinz BRANDENBURG (de)  (Postdam)
BREMEN
Federated
Free Hanseatic City of BREMEN  (Bremen)Freie Hansestadt BREMEN (de)  (Bremen)
BRUNSWICK
Federated
Duchy of BRUNSWICK  (Brunswick)Herzogtum BRAUNSCHWEIG (de)  (Braunschweig)
CROATIA
Federated
Kingdom of CROATIA  (Zagreb)Kraljevina HRVATSKA (hr) + HORVÁTORSZÁG Királyság (hu) + Königreich KROATIEN (de) + Regnum CROATIAE (la)  (Zágráb)
EAST PRUSSIA
Federated
Province of EAST PRUSSIA  (Koenigsberg in Prussia)Provinz OSTPREUßEN (de)  (Königsberg in Preußen)
ENGLAND
Country of ENGLAND  (London + Westminster)Country of ENGLAND (en)  (London + Westminster)
FRIBOURG
Federated
Canton of FRIBOURG  (Fribourg)Kanton FREIBURG (de) + Canton de FRIBOURG (fr)  (Freiburg)
GENEVA
Federated
Republic and Canton of GENEVA  (Geneva)République et Canton de GENÈVE (fr)  (Genève)
GLARUS
Federated
Canton of GLARUS  (Glarus)Kanton GLARUS (de)  (Glarus)
GRISONS
Federated
Canton of GRISONS  (Chur)Kanton GRAUBÜNDEN (de) + Chantun GRISCHUN (rm) + Cantone dei GRIGIONI (it)  (Cuira)
HAMBURG
Federated
Free and Hanseatic City of HAMBURG  (Hamburg)Freie und Hansestadt HAMBURG (de)  (Hamburg)
HANOVER
Federated
Province of HANOVER  (Hanover)Provinz HANNOVER (de)  (Hannover)
HESSE AND BY RHINE
Federated
Grand Duchy of HESSE AND BY RHINE  (Darmstadt)Großherzogtum HESSEN UND BEI RHEIN (de)  (Darmstadt)
HESSE-NASSAU
Federated
Province of HESSE-NASSAU  (Cassel)Provinz HESSEN-NASSAU (de)  (Cassel)
HOLSTEIN-OLDENBURG
Federated
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg : Grand Duchy of HOLSTEIN-OLDENBURG  (Oldenburg)Grossherzog von Oldenburg : Grossherzog zu HOLSTEIN-OLDENBURG (de)  (Oldenburg)
KIEVIA
Southwestern Territory : Government-General of KIEVIA  (Kiev)Yuzhno-Zapadniy Kray : Юго-западный край : KIEVSKOE General-Gubernatorstvo : КИЕВСКОЕ генерал-губернаторство (ru)  (Kiev)
LIPPE
Federated
Principality of LIPPE  (Detmold)Fürstentum LIPPE (de)  (Detmold)
LITHUANIA
Government-General of LITHUANIA  (Vilna)LITOVSKOE General-Gubernatorstvo : ЛИТО́ВСКОЕ генерал-губернаторство (ru)  (Vilna)
LOWER AUSTRIA
Federated
Crownland of Austria below the Enns : LOWER AUSTRIA  (Vienna)Kronland Österreich Unter Der Enns : NIEDERÖSTERREICH (de) + Territorium AUSTRIAM INFERIOREM (la)  (Wien)
LUBECK
Federated
Free and Hanseatic City of LUBECK  (Lubeck)Freie und Hansestadt LÜBECK (de)  (Lübeck)
LUCERNE
Federated
Canton of LUCERNE  (Lucerne)Kanton LUZERN (de)  (Luzern)
MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN
Federated
Grand Duchy of MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN  (Schwerin in Mecklenburg)Großherzogtum von MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (de)  (Schwerin im Mecklenburg)
MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ
Federated
Grand Duchy of MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ  (New Strelitz)Großherzogtum von MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ (de)  (Neustrelitz)
MORAVIA
Federated
Austrian Crownland of the Margraviate of MORAVIA  (Bruenn)Markrabství MORAVSKÉ (cs) + Markgrafschaft MÄHREN (de) + MORAVIAE Marchionem (la)  (Brünn)
NEUCHATEL
Federated
Republic and Canton of NEUCHATEL  (Neuchatel)République et Canton de NEUCHÂTEL (fr)  (Neuchâtel)
POSEN
Federated
Province of POSEN  (Posen)Provinz POSEN (de)  (Posen)
PRUSSIA
Federated
Kingdom of PRUSSIA  (Berlin)Königreich PREUßEN (de)  (Berlin)
PRUSSIAN POMERANIA
Federated
Prussian Province of POMERANIA  (Stettin)Preußische Provinz POMMERN (de)  (Stettin)
PRUSSIAN SAXONY
Federated
Province of SAXONY  (Magdeburg)Provinz SACHSEN (de)  (Magdeburg)
REUSS-GREIZ
Federated
Principality of REUSS ELDER LINE  (Greiz)Fürstentum REUß ÄLTERE LINIE (de)  (Greiz)
REUSS-SCHLEIZ-GERA
Federated
Principality of REUSS YOUNGER LINE  (Gera)Fürstentum REUß JÜNGERER LINIE (de)  (Gera)
RHENISH PRUSSIA
Federated
Rhine Province : RHENISH PRUSSIA  (Coblenz)Rheinprovinz : RHEINPREUßEN (de)  (Coblenz)
SAINT GALL
Federated
Canton of SAINT GALL  (Saint Gall)Kanton SANKT GALLEN (de)  (Sankt Gallen)
SALZBURG
Federated
Crownland of SALZBURG  (Salzburg)Kronland SALZBURG (de) + Territorium SALISBURGI (la)  (Salzburg)
SAXE-ALTENBURG
Federated
Duchy of SAXE-ALTENBURG  (Altenburg)Herzogtum SACHSEN-ALTENBURG (de)  (Altenburg)
SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA
Federated
Union of the Duchy of SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA  (Coburg + Gotha)Herzogtum SACHSEN-COBURG UND GOTHA (de)  (Coburg + Gotha)
SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD
Federated
Duchy of SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD  (Coburg)Herzogtum SACHSEN-COBURG-SAALFELD (de)  (Coburg)
SAXE-GOTHA
Federated
Duchy of SAXE-GOTHA [in Personal Union with Saxe-Coburg]  (Gotha)Herzogtum SACHSEN-GOTHA (de)  (Gotha)
SAXE-MEININGEN
Federated
Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildbourghausen : Duchy of SAXE-MEININGEN  (Meiningen)Herzogtum Sachsen-Meiningen und Hildburghausen : Herzogtum SACHSEN-MEININGEN (de)  (Meiningen)
SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH
Federated
Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach : Grand Duchy of SAXONY  (Weimar)Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach : Großherzogtum SACHSEN (de)  (Weimar)
SAXONY
Federated
Kingdom of SAXONY  (Dresden)Königreich SACHSEN (de)  (Dresden)
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE
Federated
Principality of SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE  (Bueckeburg)Fürstentum SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE (de)  (Bückeburg)
SCHELLENBERG
Federated
Imperial Fiefdom of SCHELLENBERG  (Schellenberg)Reichsherrschaft SCHELLENBERG (de)  (Schellenberg)
SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT
Federated
Principality of SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT : County of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt  (Rudolstadt)Fürstentum SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT : Grafschaft Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (de)  (Rudolstadt)
SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN
Federated
Principality of SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN  (Sondershausen)Fürstentum SCHWARZBURG-SONDERSHAUSEN (de)  (Sondershausen)
SCHWYZ
Federated
Canton of SCHWYZ  (Schwyz)Kanton SCHWYZ (de)  (Schwyz)
SCOTLAND
Country of SCOTLAND  (Edinburgh)Country of SCOTLAND (en)  (Edinburgh)
SHAFFHOUSE
Federated
Canton of SHAFFHOUSE  (Shaffhouse)Kanton SCHAFFHAUSEN (de)  (Schaffhausen)
SILESIA
Federated
Province of SILESIA  (Breslau)Provinz SCHLESIEN (de)  (Breslau)
SLAVONIA
Federated
Kingdom of SLAVONIA  (Esseg)Königreich SLAWONIEN (de) + Kraljevina SLAVONIJA (hr) + SZLAVÓN Királyság (hu) + Regnum SCLAVONIAE (la)  (Eszék)
SLESWICK-HOLSTEIN
Federated
Province of SLESWICK-HOLSATIA  (Sleswick)Provinz SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN (de)  (Schleswig)
SOLOTHURN
Federated
Canton of SOLOTHURN  (Solothurn)Kanton SOLOTHURN (de)  (Solothurn)
TESCHEN
Federated
Duchy of TESCHEN  (Teschen)TĚŠÍNSKÉ Knížectví (cs) + Herzogtum von TESCHEN (de) + Ducatus TESSINENSIS (la) + Księstwo CIESZYŃSKIE (pl)  (Teschen)
THURGOVIA
Federated
Canton of THURGOVIA  (Frauenfeld)Kanton THURGAU (de)  (Frauenfeld)
TICINO
Federated
Republic and Canton of TICINO  (Bellenz)Repubblica e Cantone del TICINO (it)  (Bellinzona)
TYROL
Federated
Province of TYROL  (Innsbruck)Land TIROL (de) + Provincia Reatico : Provincia TYROLIS (la)  (Innsbruck)
UNTERWALD-NIDWALD
Federated
Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Nidwald : Canton of NIDWALD  (Stans)Halbkanton Unterwalden nid dem Wald : Kanton NIDWALDEN (de)  (Stans)
UNTERWALD-OBWALD
Federated
Semi-Canton of Unterwald-Obwald : Canton of OBWALD  (Sarnen)Halbkanton Unterwalden ob dem Wald : Kanton OBWALDEN (de)  (Sarnen)
UPPER AUSTRIA
Federated
Crownland of Austria above the Enns : UPPER AUSTRIA  (Linz)Kronland Österreich Ob Der Enns : OBERÖSTERREICH (de) + Territorium AUSTRIAM SUPERIOREM (la)  (Linz)
URI
Federated
Canton of URI  (Altdorf)Kanton URI (de)  (Altdorf)
VADUZ
Federated
Imperial Fiefdom of VADUZ  (Vaduz)Reichsherrschaft VADUZ (de)  (Vaduz)
VALAIS
Federated
Republic and Canton of VALAIS  (Sitten)République et Canton du VALAIS (fr) + Staat und Kanton WALLIS (de)  (Sion)
VAUD
Federated
Republic and Canton of VAUD  (Lausanne)République et Canton de VAUD (fr)  (Lausanne)
VORARLBERG
Federated
Crownland of VORARLBERG  (Bludenz + Bregenz + Feldkirch)Kronland VORARLBERG (de) + Territorium CISARULA (la)  (Bludenz + Bregenz + Feldkirch)
WALDECK AND PYRMONT
Federated
Principality of WALDECK-PYRMONT  (Arolsen)Fürstentum WALDECK UND PYRMONT (de)  (Arolsen)
WEST PRUSSIA
Federated
Province of WEST PRUSSIA  (Danzig)Provinz WESTPREUßEN (de)  (Danzig)
WESTPHALIA
Federated
Province of WESTPHALIA  (Muenster)Provinz WESTFALEN (de)  (Münster)
WHITE RUSSIA
Northwestern Territory : WHITE RUSSIA  (Minsk)SEVEROZAPADNIY Kray : СЕВЕРОЗАПАДНЫЙ край (ru)  (Minsk)
WURTTEMBERG
Federated
Kingdom of WURTTEMBERG  (Stuttgart)Königreich WÜRTTEMBERG (de)  (Stuttgart)
ZOUG
Federated
Canton of ZOUG  (Zoug)Kanton ZUG (de)  (Zug)
ZURICH
Federated
Stand and Canton of ZURICH  (Zurich)Stand und Kanton ZÜRICH (de)  (Zürich)

83 Federated or Regionalised Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ALGARVE
Kingdom of THE ALGARVE  (Faro)Reino do ALGARVE (pt)  (Faro)
ALSATIA-LORRAINE
Imperial Territory of ALSATIA-LORRAINE  (Strasbourg)Reichsland ELSAß-LOTHRINGEN (de)  (Straßburg)
BOSNIA
Joint Imperial Territory of BOSNIA [Austro-Hungarian Administration]  (Sarajevo)Kondominium BOSNIEN (de) + Társasházi BOSZNIA (hu) + Daire BOSNA : ديرة بوسنا (ota)  (Sarajevo)
CHATALJA
Mutesarifate of CHATALJA : Autonomous Province of Chatalja  (Chatalja)Mutassarifiyet-i Çatalca - ÇATALCA Mutasarrıflığı : متصرفية چاتالجا (ota)  (Çatalca)
EASTERN RUMELIA
Autonomous Province of EASTERN RUMELIA : Governorate-General of Eastern Rumelia  (Philippopolis)Avtonomna Oblast IZTOCHNA RUMELIYA : Aвтономна Област ИЗТОЧНА РУМЕЛИЯ (bg) + Aftónomi Eparchía tis ANATOLIKÍ ROMYLÍA : Αυτόνομη Επαρχία της ΑΝΑΤΟΛΙΚΗ ΡΟΥΜΥΛΙΑ (el) + Vilâyet-i RUMELI-I ŞARKÎ : روم الى شرقى (ota)  (Filibe)
ECREHOUS
THE ECREHOUS Archipelago  (La Maitresse Ile)Archipel d''ÊCRÉHO (xno) + Archipel des ÉCRÉHOUS (fr) + THE ECREHOUS Archipelago (en)  (Maîtr’Île)
ESTHONIA
Government of ESTHONIA : Duchy of Esthonia  (Reval)ESTLYANDSKAYA Guberniya : ЭСТЛЯНДСКАЯ Губернiя (ru) + Gouvernement ESTHLAND (de)  (Revel)
FAEROE ISLANDS
Danish County of FAEROE ISLANDS  (Thorshavn)FÆRØERNE Amt (da)  (Thorshavn)
FELDSBERG
Liechtenstein Residency of FELDSBERG in Lower Austria  (Feldsberg)Schloss FELDSBERG (de)  (Feldsberg)
FIUME
FIUME Corpus Separatum of the Hungarian Crown : City of Fiume with Territory  (Fiume)FIUME város és területe (hu) + Stadt FIUME mit Gebiet (de) + FLUMENISIS Corpus Separatum (la)  (Fiume)
FRANCIS JOSEPH''S LAND
FRANCIS JOSEPH''S LAND Island Territory  (Northbrook Island)FRANS JOSEFS LAND Øygruppe (no)  (Northbrookøya)
GIBRALTAR
British Crown Colony of GIBRALTAR  (Gibraltar)British Crown Colony of GIBRALTAR (en)  (Gibraltar)
HERM
Tenantry of HERM  (Herm)Tenanterie dé HAERME (xno) + Tenanterie de HERM (fr) + Tenantry of HERM (en)  (Haerme)
HERZEGOVINA
Austro-Hungarian Condominium of the Province of HERZEGOVINA  (Mostar)Provinz HERZEGOWINA (de) + Tartomány HERCEGOVINA (hu) + HERSEK Il : هرسك (ota)  (Mostar)
JAN MAYEN
Island of JAN MAYEN  (Jan Mayen)Øya JAN MAYEN (no) + JAN MAYEN Øya (nn)  (Jan Mayen)
JETHOU
Tenantry of JETHOU  (Jethou)Tenanterie dé JETHAO (xno) + Tenanterie de JETHOU (fr) + Tenantry of JETHOU (en)  (Jethao)
KALGUYEV ISLAND
Unorganized Territory of KALGUYEV ISLAND  (Bugrino)Ostrov KALGUYEV : Остров КAЛГУЕВ (ru)  (Bugrino)
LIHOU
Tenantry of LIHOU  (Lihou)Tenanterie dé LIHAO (xno) + Tenanterie de LIHOU (fr) + Tenantry of LIHOU (en)  (Lihao)
LIMBURG
Duchy of LIMBURG  (Maastricht)Hertog van LIMBURG (nl)  (Maastricht)
MINQUIERS
THE MINQUIERS Archipelago  (Maitresse-Ile)Archipel LES MINTCHIÈRS (xno) + Archipel des MINQUIERS (fr) + THE MINQUIERS Archipelago (en)  (Maîtr'' Île)
MORESNET
Belgo-Prussian Royal Commission of the Neutral Territory of MORESNET  (Moresnet)Territoire de MORESNET NEUTRE (fr) + Neutralen Territorium von NEUTRAL-MORESNET (de) + Terrein NEUTRAAL-MORESNET (nl)  (Moresnet)
MUSCOVY
Government-General of MOSCOW  (Moscow)MOSKOVSKOYE General-Gubernatorstvo : МОСКОВСКОЕ Генерал-Губернаторство (ru)  (Moskva)
NEUTRAL GROUND
Gibraltar NEUTRAL GROUND  (Mill Tower)Gibraltar NEUTRAL GROUND (en) + ZONA NEUTRAL de Gibraltar (es)  (Torre del Molino)
NEW ZEMBLA
NEW ZEMBLA Territory  (Malye Karmakuly)NOVAYA ZEMLYA Territoriya : НОВАЯ ЗЕМЛЯ Территория (ru) + Matka : MATKA (yrk)  (Malye Karmakuly)
NOVIPAZAR
Sanjak of NOVI PAZAR [Austro-Hungarian Occupation and nominally part of the Ottoman Vilayet of Kosovo]  (Novi Pazar)Sandschak von NOVI PAZAR (de) + Sancağ-ı YENI PAZAR : سانجاك ينيبازار (ota)  (Novi Pazar)
PHEASANTS'' ISLAND
Condominium of PHEASANTS'' ISLAND : Condominium of Conference Island  (Hospital Island)Condominio de la ISLA DE LOS FAISANES (es) + Condominium de l''ÎLE DES FAISANS (fr)  (Île de l''Hôpital)
PYRENEAN FACERIES
Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)Valles Transfronterizas de las FACERIAS PIRENAICAS (es) + Vallées transfrontalières des FACERIES PYRÉNÉENNES (fr)  (Baigorri + Baztan)
ROCKALL
Disputed Zone of ROCKALL  (-)Zone of ROCKALL (en)  (-)
ROME AND LORETO
Pious French Establishments in ROME AND LORETO  (Villa Bonaparte)Pieux Établissements français à ROME ET LORETTE (fr) + Pii Stabilimenti francesi a ROMA E LORETO (it)  (Villa Bonaparte)
SARK
Seigniory of SARK  (La Seigneurie)Seigneu d''CERQ (xno) + Seigneurie de SERCQ (fr) + Seigneury of SARK (en)  (La Seigneurie)
SCHLOSS HOHENBURG
Luxemburgian Residency of SCHLOSS HOHENBURG  (Schloss Hohenburg)Residenz SCHLOẞ HOHENBURG (de) + Résidence du SCHLOSS HOHENBOURG (fr) + Residenz SCHLOSS HOHENBURG (lb)  (Schloss Hohenburg)
SUVOROV MEMORIAL
Suvorov Memorial near Teufelsbrucke in Uri : SUVOROV MONUMENT  (Suvorov Monument)SUWOROW-DENKMAL in der Schöllenen-Schlucht (de) + Pamyatnik Suvorov : Памятник Суворов - SUVOROV MEMORIAL : СУВОРОВ МЕМОРИАЛ (ru)  (Suworow-Denkmal)
SVALBARD
Norwegian Settlement on SVALBARD  (Hotel Point)Bosetting av SVALBARD (no)  (Hotellneset)
TAVOLARA
Micronation
Kingdom of TAVOLARA  (The Point of the Canon)Regno di TAVOLARA (it) + Rennu de TAULARA (sc)  (La Punta del Canone)
THASOS
Sanjak of THASOS  (Thasos)Sancak-i TAŞOZ : سانجاك ثاسوس (ota) + Sanjak THASUS : سانجاك ثاسوس (ar)  (Taşoz)
VICTORIA ISLAND
VICTORIA ISLAND Territory  (Victoria Island)VICTORIAØYA Territorium (no)  (Victoriaøya)
VILLA MEDICI
French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)Académie de France à Rome : Domaine français de la VILLA MÉDICIS (fr)  (Villa Médicis)
WESTERN RUSSIA
WESTERN Territory  (Minsk)ZAPADNIY Kray : ЗАПАДНЫЙ край (ru)  (Minsk)
WISMAR
Swedish Leased City of WISMAR part of Mecklenburg-Schwerin  (Wismar)Stadt WISMAR (de)  (Wismar)

39 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


AIR
Organisation
International AERIAL Congress  (Paris)Congrès AÉRIEN International (fr)  (Paris) Prince Roland Bonaparte (fr)
ANGLICANISM
Organisation
Church of England : ANGLICAN Church  (Canterbury)Church of England : ANGLICAN Church (en)  (Canterbury) Archbishop Frederick Temple (uk)
ANGLO-JAPANESE TREATY
Organisation
ANGLO-JAPANESE Treaty of Commerce and Navigation  (London)ANGLO-JAPANESE Treaty of Commerce and Navigation (en) + NICHI-EI Tsūshō Kōkai Jōyaku : 日英通商航海条約 (ja)  (London) Representatives of Japan and United Kingdom
ANGLO-PORTUGUESE ALLIANCE
Organisation
ANGLO-PORTUGUESE Alliance  (Torres Vedras)ANGLO-PORTUGUESE Alliance (en) + ANGLO-PORTUGUÊS Aliança (pt)  (Torres Vedras) Rulers of Portugal and United Kingdom
BRITAIN COLONIES
Organisation
BRITAIN COLONIES of the British Empire : British Imperial Federation  (Westminster)BRITAIN COLONIES of the British Empire (en)  (Westminster) Joseph Chamberlain (uk)
BRUSSELS CONVENTION
Organisation
Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION (en) + Convention relative à la Traite des Esclaves et à l''importation en Afrique d''Armes à feu de Munitions et de Liqueurs : CONVENTION DE BRUXELLES (fr) + Aittifaqiat Tijarat al-Raqiq wal-Aistirad fi ''Afriqia al''Aslihat al-Nnariat wal-Dhakhayir wal-Murtabat : AITTIFAQIAT BRUKSIL - اتفاقية تجارة الرقيق والاستيراد في أفريقيا الأسلحة النارية والذخائر والمرطبات: اتفاقية بروكسل (ar)  (Bruxelles) King Leopold II
CALVINISM
Organisation
Alliance of Reformed Churches in the World : ARCW  (Geneva)Alliance des Églises Réformées dans le Monde : AÉRM (fr)  (Genève) Abraham Kuyper (nl)
CORDIAL AGREEMENT
Organisation
CORDIAL AGREEMENT Cooperation  (London + Paris)CORDIAL AGREEMENT Cooperation (en) + Coopération de l''ENTENTE CORDIALE (fr)  (London + Paris) Foreign Affairs Ministers
DANUBE
Organisation
European Commission of the Danube-ECD and International Danube Commission-IDB : DANUBE Commissions  (Galatz)Commission Européenne du Danube-CED et Commission Internationale du Danube-CID : Commissions du Danube (fr)  (Galați) Emperor Francis Joseph I
DUAL ALLIANCE
Organisation
DUAL ALLIANCE between German Empire and Austro-Hungary  (Vienna)ZWEIBUND Defensivvertag (de) + Kettős szövetség : KÖZPONTI HATALMAK (hu)  (Wien) Dual Alliance
EASTERN ORTHODOXISM
Organisation
Orthodox Catholic Church : EASTERN ORTHODOX Church  (Phanar)Orthodoxi Katholiki kai Apostoliki Ekklisia : ANATOLIKI ORTHODOXI Ekklisia - Ορθόδοξη Καθολική και Αποστολική Εκκλησία : ΑΝΑΤΟΛΙΚΗ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΗ Εκκλησία : (el)  (Fener) Patriarch Constantine V (wo)
ELECTRICAL
Organisation
International ELECTRICAL Congress  (Paris)Congrès international des ÉLECTRICIENS (fr) + International ELECTRICAL Congress (en)  (Paris) Lord Kelvin William Thompson (uk)
FRANCO-RUSSIAN ALLIANCE
Organisation
FRANCO-RUSSIAN Alliance  (Moscow + Paris)Alliance FRANCO-RUSSE (fr) + FRANKO-RUSSKIY Soyuz : ФРАНКО-РУССКИЙ Cоюз (ru)  (Moskva + Paris) Foreign Affairs Ministers
GENEVA CONVENTION
Organisation
GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)Convention de GENÈVE (fr)  (Genève) Henry Dunant (ch)
GREAT POWERS
Organisation
Treaty of MADRID  (Madrid)Conférences de MADRID (fr)   (Madrid) Sultan Mulay Abdelaziz IV
HAGUE CONVENTION
Organisation
Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes : Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)Cour Permanente d''Arbitrage : CPA (fr) + Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA (en)  (''s-Gravenhage) Tsar Nicholas II
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
Organisation
United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)Bureaux Internationaux Unis pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle : BIUPPI (fr) + United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP (en)  (Bern) Director Henri Morel (ch)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU
Organisation
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Berne)BUREAU INTERPARLEMENTAIRE pour l''Arbitration Permanente (fr)  (Bern) SG Charles Albert Gobat (ch)
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Organisation
Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)Institut de Droit International : IDI (fr)  (Gent) Tobias Asser (nl)
LATIN UNION
Organisation
Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)Union Monétaire Latine : UML (fr)  (Paris) Convention
LUTHERANISM
Organisation
LUTHERAN Evangelical Churches  (Augsburg)Evangelisch-LUTHERISCHE Kirchen (de)  (Augsburg) Lutheran Bishops
MARITIME LAW
Organisation
International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)Comité Maritime International : CMI (fr) + International Maritime Committee : IMC (en)  (Antwerpen) International Maritime Committee
METEOROLOGY
Organisation
International Meteorological Organization : IMO  (Geneva)Organisation Météorologique Internationale : OMI (fr) + International Meteorological Organization : IMO (en)  (Genève) President Eleuthere Mascart (fr)
OLD ALLIANCE
Organisation
Old Alliance : AULD ALLIANCE between France and Scotland  (Saint Germain in Laye)VIEILLE-ALLIANCE entre l''Écosse et la France (fr) + AULD ALLIANCE between France and Scotland (sco)  (Saint-Germain-en-Laye) Octave Greard (fr)
OLYMPIC GAMES
Organisation
International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)Comité International Olympique : CIO (fr)  (Lausanne) President Baron Pierre de Coubertin (fr)
OVERSEAS PORTUGAL
Organisation
PORTUGUESE OVERSEAS Possessions  (Lisbon)Possessões do ULTRAMARINO PORTUGUÊS (pt)  (Lisboa) King Carlos I the Diplomat
PRESBYTERIANISM
Organisation
Church of Scotland : THE KIRK  (Edinburgh)Church of Scotland : THE KIRK (en) + Eaglais na h-Alba : KIRK (gd) + The Scots Kirk : THE KIRK (sco)  (Edinburgh) Ministers and Elders
PROTESTANTISM
Organisation
United and Uniting Churches : PROTESTANTISM  (Geneva)United and Uniting Churches : PROTESTANTISM (en) + Églises unies : PROTESTANTISME (fr)  (Genève) Nathan Soderblom (se)
RED CROSS
Organisation
International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)Comité international de la Croix-Rouge : CICR (fr)  (Genève) President Gustave Moynier (ch)
RHINE
Organisation
Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine : CCNR  (Mannheim)Zentralkommission für die Rheinschifffahrt : ZKR (de) + Commission Centrale pour la Navigation du Rhin : CCNR (fr) + Centrale Commissie voor de Rijnvaart : CCR (nl)  (Mannheim) Central Commission
ROMAN CATHOLICISM
Organisation
ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)Ecclesia CATHOLICA ROMANA (la)  (Vaticano) Pope Leo XIII
SANITARY
Organisation
International SANITARY Confererence  (Paris)Conférence SANITAIRE internationale (fr)  (Paris) Camille Barrere (fr)
SCANDINAVIAN UNION
Organisation
Scandinavian Monetary Union : SMU  (Stockholm + Christiania + Copenhagen)SKANDINAVISKA Myntunionen (sv) + SKANDINAVISKE Møntunion (da) + SKANDINAVISKE Myntunion (no)  (Stockholm + Kritstiania + Kjöbenhaven) Rulers of Norway-Sweden and Denmark
SEA
Organisation
International Marine Conference : IMC  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Marine Conference : IMC (en) + Conférence Marine Internationale : CMI (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President William McKinley
TELEGRAPH
Organisation
International Telegraph Convention : International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)Convention Télégraphique Internationale : Union Télégraphique Internationale : UTI (fr) + International Telegraphic Convention : International Telegraphic Union : ITU (en)  (Bern) Director Emil Frey (ch)
THURINGIAN STATES
Organisation
THURINGIAN States  (Jena)THÜRINGISCHE Staaten (de)  (Jena) Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (de)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION
Organisation
Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)Union Postale Universelle : UPU (fr)  (Bern) Director Eugene Ruffy (ch)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
Organisation
International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres) Bureau International des Poids et Mesures : BIPM (fr)  (Sèvres) Director Jean-Rene Benoit (fr)
ZIONISM
Organisation
ZIONIST Organization  (Basle)ZIONIST Organization (en) + Organisation SIONISTE (fr) + HaHistadrut HaTSIONIT : ההסתדרות הציונית (he)  (Basel) President Theodor Herzl (hu)

39 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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