1900-JAN-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALISED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


ACHEH DARUSSALAM
De facto Semi-Independent
ACHEH DARUSSALAM Sultanate [Ottoman Protectorate of the Kingdom of Acheh Abode of Peace]  (Sigli)Keurajeun ACÈH DARUSSALAM : كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام (ace) + Kesultanan ACEH DARUSSALAM : كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام (ms) + Sultanat ACHEH DARUSSALAM : دار الإسلام اچيه (ar)  (Sigli) Sultan Muhammad III Daud Syah Johan Berdaulat
AFGHANISTAN
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of United AFGHANISTAN [British Indian Protected State]  (Kabul)Emirate of United AFGHANISTAN (en) + Dǝ AFĠĀNISTĀN Dawlat : د افغانستان دولت (ps)  (Kabul) Emir Abdor Rahman Khan
BANGLI
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely State of BANGLI  (Bangli)Kerajaan BANGLI : كراجأن بڠلي (ban) + Prinsdom BANGLI (nl)  (Bangli) King Dewa Gede Tangkaban V
BARODA
De facto Semi-Independent
BARODA Residency  (Baroda)BARODA Residency (en) + BADODA Residensi : बडोदा रेसिडेन्सी (mr)  (Baroda) Maharajah Sir Sayajirao III Gaekwar
BEIHAN
De facto Independent
Hashemite Emirate of BEIHAN  (Nukub)Imarat BAYHAN : إمارة بيحان (ar)  (Nukub) Emir Sharif Muhsin bin al-Barak al-Abili al-Hashemi
BRUNEI
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of BRUNEI [British Protectorate]  (Brunei Town)Sultanate of BRUNEI (en) + Negeri BRUNEI : نڬارا بروني (kxd)  (Brunei Town) Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Akamuddin
BUAYAN DARUSSALAM
De facto Independent
Sultanate of Buayan Abode of Peace : State of the Sultanate of BUAYAN DARUSSALAM  (Pulangi)Sultanat BUAYAN DARUSSALAM : سلطانت بواين دارالسلام (mdh)  (Pulangi) Sultan Dato Ali the Young Rajah
BUKHARA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of BUKHARA [Russian Protectorate]  (Bukhara)BUXORO Amirligi (uz) + Amorati BUXORO : Аморати БУХОРО : امارت بخارا‎ (tg) + BUKHARSKAYA Emirat : БУХАРСКИЙ эмират (ru)  (Bokhara) Emir Abd Al-Ahad Khan
CENTRAL INDIA
De facto Semi-Independent
CENTRAL INDIA Agency [Princely States under British Indian Suzerainty]  (Indore)CENTRAL INDIA Agency (en)  (Indore) Viceroy George Curzon
CHAMPASACK
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CHAMPASACK [Vassal State of Siam]  (Bassac)Negara Champasakti : Nakhon CHAMPASAK : อาณาจักรล้านช้างจำปาศักดิ์ (lo)  (Nakhon Champasak) Prince Kham-Suk
CHINA
De facto Independent
Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu Empire of CHINA  (Peking)TA CH''ING Ti-Kuo : 大清帝国 (zh) + DAICING Gurun : ᡩᠠᡳ᠌ᠴᡳᠩ ᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ (mnc)  (Pei-Ching) Emperor Kwang-Hsu Tsai-Tien
CYPRUS
De facto Semi-Independent
Sanjak of CYPRUS [British Protectorate under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty in the Archipelago Vilayet]  (Nicosia)British Protectorate of CYPRUS ISLAND (en) + Sanjak-i ḲIBRIṣ : سانجک قبرس (ota)  (Nicosia) Queen Victoria
DHALIA
De facto Independent
Amiri Emirate of DHALA  (Dhala)Imārat Aḍ-ḌĀLI'' : إمارة الضالع (ar)  (Ad-Dali'') Emir Shaif bin Sayf al-Amiri
DHOFAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Sheikhdom of DHOFAR [under Omani Suzerainty]  (Mirbat)Mashaykat ZUFAR : إقليم ظفار (ar) + Sheikhdom of DHOFAR (en)  (Mirbat) Sheikh Ahmed Ali Al-Mashani
GHATGHAT
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of GHATGHAT  (Alghat)Sultanat AL-GH''AT : سلطنة الغاط (ar)  (Al-Gh''at) Sultan Ibn Bikhad
HADHRAMAUT
De facto Independent
Tribal Arab Sultanate of HADHRAMAUT  (Tarim + Shabwa)Saltanat HADHRAMAWT : سلطنة حضرموت (ar)  (Tareem + Shabwah) Sultan Muhsin bin Ghalib
HAIL
De facto Semi-Independent
Rashidite Emirate of HAIL  (Hail)Imarat Al-Rashid : Imartan HA''IL : إمارة حائل - إمارة آلرشيد (ar) + HAYIL Emirliği (ota)  (Hãil) Emir Abdul Aziz bin Mithab Al Rashid
HAUSHEBI
De facto Independent
HAWSHABI Sultanate of Musaymir  (Musaymir)Al-Saltana AL-HAWSHABIYYA : سلطنة الحواشب (ar) + HAWSHABI Sultanate of Musaymir (en)  (Musaymir) Sultan Muhsin bin Ali I al-Hawshabi
HUNZA
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely State of HUNZA [British Protectorate of the Princely State of Kanjut under Kashmiri Suzerainty]  (Baltit)Princely State of HUNZA (en) + Mir HUNZA : ہنزہ (bsk)  (Baltit) Prince Mohammad Nazim Khan
HYDEBABAD
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of the Princely State of Hyderabad Deccan : HYDERABAD Residency  (Hyderabad)Princely State of HYDERABAD DECCAN (en) + Hryast HAYDARABAD : ریاست حیدرآباد (ur) + HAIDARABAD Sansthāna : హైదరాబాద్ సంస్థాన (te)  (Hyderabad) Nizam Fath Jang Mahbub Sir Ali II Khan Asaf Jah VI
INDIA
De facto Semi-Independent
British Raj of INDIAN Empire  (Calcutta)INDIAN Empire (en)  (Calcutta) Viceroy George Curzon
INDOCHINA
De facto Semi-Independent
French Government-General of the Indochinese Union : FRENCH INDO-CHINA [French Protectorate]  (Saigon)Union indochinoise : INDO-CHINE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Saïgon) President Emile Loubet
JAMMU AND KASHMIR
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [British Indian Protectorate]  (Jammu + Srinagar)Princely State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR (en) + JAMMU O-KASHMIR : مقبوضہ کشمیر (ur) + JAMMU O KAHSMIR : جۄم تٕ کٔشېر (ks)  (Jammu + Srinagar) Regent Sir Pratap Singh
JAPAN
De facto Independent
Great Empire of JAPAN  (Tokyo)Dai Nippon Teikoku : NIHON - 大日本帝國 (ja)  (Tōkyō) Emperor Mutsuhito
JEBEL SHAMMAR
De facto Independent
Confederation of JEBEL SHAMMAR  (Hail)Imarat JABAL SHAMMAR : إمارة جبل شمر (ar) + CEBEL ŞAMMAR Emirliği (ota)  (Hãil) Emir Abdul Aziz bin Mithab Al Rashid
JOHORE
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of JOHORE [British Protectorate of the Unfederated Malay State of Johore]  (Johore Bahru + Muar Town)State of JOHORE (en) + Negeri JOHOR DARUL TA''ZIM : جوهر دارالتّعظيم (ms)  (Johore Bahru + Muar Town) Sultan Ibrahim Al-Masyhur
JOWF
De facto Independent
Anizah Emirate of JOWF  (Jowf-Amir)Bani `Anazzah Imarat AL-JAWF : إمارة الجوف (ar)  (Al-Jawf Amir) Emir Anizah
KHIVA
De facto Semi-Independent
Khanate of KHIVA [Russian Protectorate]  (Khiva)XIVA Xonligi : خیوه خانلیگی (uz) + KHIVA Khonligi : خانات خیوه (fa) + KHIVINSKOE Khanstvo : ХИВИНСКОЕ ханство (ru)  (Xiva) Khan Muhammad Rahim Bahadur
KOREA
De facto Semi-Independent
Great Han Empire : GREATER KOREAN Empire [Japanese Zone of Influence]  (Seoul)TAEHAN Chekuk : 대한제국 (ko)  (Hansong) Emperor Kojong
MAIMANA
De facto Semi-Independent
Uzbek Khanate of MAIMANA Province  (Maimana)Khanat MAIMANA : خانات میمنه (uz) + Province of MAIMANA (en) + MEYMANEH Wilayat : ميمنه ولسوالۍ (ps)  (Maimana) Kemal Khan
MALAY STATES
De facto Semi-Independent
Federated MALAY STATES [British Malaya Territory]  (Kuala Lumpur)Federated MALAY STATES (en) + NEGERI-NEGERI MELAYU Bersekutu : نڬري٢ ملايو برسكوتو (ms)  (Kuala Lumpur) Queen Victoria
MURRA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of MURRA Tribe in Yemeni Empty Quarter  (Al Murrah)Imarat Bani AL-MURRAH : Rub Al-Khali - العمارات بني آل مورا (ar) + RUBÜLHALI Çölü : الربع الخالي (ota)  (Al-Murrah) Emir of Al Murrah
MUSTANG
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of Lo : Kingdom of MUSTANG [under Nepalese Suzerainty]  (Lo Manthang)Mun Tan : SMON-THANG (bo) + MASTANG Rajya : मुस्ताङ राज्य (ne)  (Lo Monthang) King Jambian Pelbar
MUTAYR
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of MUTAYR  (Al Artaweeiyah)Amirat MTAYR : اميرات مطير‎ (ar)  (Al-Artawiyya) Emir Sultan Al-Dewish
MYSORE
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of MYSORE [British Residency]  (Bangalore)MYSORE Residency (en) + MAHISURU Residensi : ಮೈಸೂರು ರೆಸಿಡೆನ್ಸಿ (kn)  (Bangalore) Maharajah Krishnaraja IV Wodeyar
NAGAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely State of NAGAR [under Kashmiri Suzerainty]  (Nagar)Princely State of NAGAR (en) + Tham NAGIR : نگر (bsk)  (Nagar) Prince Jafar Zahed Khan
NAJRAN
De facto Semi-Independent
Muslim Principality of NAJRAN under Yemeni Suzerainty  (Aba As-Saud)Da''ias NAJRAN : إمارة نجران (ar)  (Aba As-Saud) Prince Abd Allah II bin Ali bin Husayn bin Ali
NEGROS
De facto Semi-Independent
United Stated Protected Republic of NEGROS  (Bacolod)República NEGRÉNSE (ceb) + Republic of NEGROS (en) + República de NEGROS (es) + República sg NEGROS (hil)  (Bacolod) Melecio Severino
NEJD
De facto Semi-Independent
Shammari Governorate of NEJD  (Diriyah)Muhafazat NAJD : محافظة نجد (ar)  (Ad-Dir''iyyah) Emir Abdul Aziz bin Mithab Al Rashid
NEPAUL
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of NEPAUL [British Protectorate under Chinese Suzerainty]  (Kathmandu)Kingdom of NEPAUL (en) + NEPAL Adhirajya : नेपाल अधिराज्य (ne)  (Kathmandu) Maharajah Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NORTH BORNEO
De facto Semi-Independent
State of NORTH BORNEO [British Protectorate under Suzerainty of the Sultanate of Sulu]  (Sandakhan)State of NORTH BORNEO (en) + Protektorat BORNEO UTARA : ڤروتيكتورات بورنيو اوتارا (msi)  (Sandakhan) Queen Victoria
PASIR
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of PASIR [Netherlands Protectorate]  (Pasir Belengkong)Kesultanan PASIR : كسولتانن ڤاسير (ms) + Sultanaat PASIR (nl)  (Pasir Belengkong) Sultan Ibrahim Khaliluddin
PATANI DARUSSALAM
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of Pattanee : Sultanate of PATANI DARUSSALAM  (Tani)Kerajaan PATANI DARUL MAKRIF : كراجأن ڤتاني (mfa)  (Patani) King Tengku Abdul Kadir Kamaruddeen
PERSIA
PCA Member
Sublime State of PERSIA [Kajar Empire of Persia]  (Tehran)Dowlat-e Eliyye-ye IRÂN : دولت علیّه ایران (fa)  (Tehrân) Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Kajar
PERSIAN GULF STATES
De facto Semi-Independent
PERSIAN GULF Residency  (Bushire)PERSIAN GULF Residency (en) + Al''-Iqamat fi AL-KHALIJ AL-FARISI : الإقامة في الخليج الفارسي (ar)  (Bushire) Viceroy George Curzon
RAJPUTANA
De facto Semi-Independent
RAJPUTANA Agency  (Mount Abu)RAJPUTANA Agency (en)  (Mount Abu) Viceroy George Curzon
SARAWAK
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of SARAWAK [British Protectorate]  (Kuching + Claude Town)Kingdom of SARAWAK (en)  (Kuching + Claude Town) Rajah Charles Johnson Brooke
SIAM
PCA Member
Kingdom of SIAM : Rattanakosin Empire  (Bankok)Anachak SAYAM : Anachak Rattanakosin - จักรวรรดิสยาม : อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์ (th)  (Krung Thep) King Rama V Chulalongkorn the Great
SULU
De facto Semi-Independent
Royal Sultanate of SULU DAR AL-ISLAM under American Suzerainty  (Jolo)Sultna SOLO DARUL-ISLAM : سلطنة سولو دار الإسلام (ar)  (Jolo) Sultan Jamalul Kiram II
TANAWAL
De facto Semi-Independent
Feudal Tanawal States : Country of TANAWAL  (Amb + Darband + Phulra)Feudal Tanawal States : Country of TANAWAL (en) + Mulk-e TANAWAL : الملک ت تانوال (ps)  (Amb + Darband + Phullra) Nawab Sir Mohammad Akram Khan
THIBET
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of THIBET [under Sino-Nepalese Suzerainty]  (Lhasa)Bö : BOD : བོད་ (bo) + HSI-TSANG Wang-Kuo : 西藏王国 (zh)  (Lha-Sa) Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso
ZAMBOANGA
De facto Semi-Independent
United States Protectorate of the Republic of ZAMBOANGA  (Zamboanga)República de ZAMBOANGA (es) + Republic of ZAMBOANGA (en)  (Zamboanga) President Isidoro Midel

52 Polities (2 members of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


AIGUN
Rebellion
AIGUN Russian Concession [Boxer Rebellion]  (Aigunov)AYGUNSKAYA Kontsessiya : АЙГУНСКАЯ Концессия (ru)  (Aygunov) Boxer Rebels
CAMIGUIN
Rebellion
Independent Island of CAMIGUIN  (Catarman of Camiguin)Isla de CAMIGUÍN (es) + Pulo ng CAMIGUIN (tl)  (Katadman) Valero Camaro
CHINA IN EXILE
Exile
Revive China Society : Society for Regenerating CHINA  (Honolulu)CHUNG-HUA Hsing Chung Hui :興中會/兴中会 (zh)  (Honolulu) Sun Yat-Sen
ILONGGO
Rebellion
ILONGGO Resistance on Panay Island  (Panay Island)Resistencia ILONGO (es) + ILONGO HILIGAYNON Paglaban (tl)  (Panay) Ilongos Rebels
JAMBI
Rebellion
Netherlands Colonial Government of JAMBI Sultanate in rebellion  (Jambi)Gouvernement DJAMBI (nl)  (Djambi) Taha Safiuddin bin Muhammad
JANDOOL
Rebellion
JANDOOL Khanate  (Barwa)JANDUL  (Barwa) Khan Umra Khan
LINGKABO
Rebellion
Chiefdom of LINGKABO in rebellion  (Lingkabo)Chiefdom of LINGKABO (en) + LINGKABO : ليڠكابو (msi)  (Lingkabo) Chief Mat Salleh
MANUFAI
Rebellion
MANUFAI Subdistrict [Rebellion]  (Same)Subdistrito de MANUFAHI (pt)  (Same) Dom Boaventura
MOROLAND
De facto IndependentRebellion
MORO Rebellion  (Pala)Bangsa MORO : بانجسامورو (tsg)  (Pala) Datu Pala
PEKING LEGATIONS
Rebellion
PEKING LEGATION Quarter [Boxer Rebelion]  (Peking Legation Quarter)PEKING LEGATION Quarter (en) + Quartier des LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang) Prince Tuan-Tsai I
PHILIPPINES
De facto IndependentRebellion
PHILIPPINE Republic : Malolos Republic  (Bulacan)República FILIPINA (es) + Repúbliká Filipina : Repúbliká nang FILIPINAS (tl)  (Bulakan) President Emilio Aguinaldo
UPPER YEMEN
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
ZAYDI Imamate [Rebellion]  (Sadah)Imamat az-Zaydiyyah al-YAMANIYAH : الزيدية الإمامة في اليمن (ar) + YEMEN Zeydi İmamet (ota)  (Saada) Muhammad VI bin Yahya Hamid ad-Din

12 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


ACHEH DARUSSALAM
De facto Semi-Independent
ACHEH DARUSSALAM Sultanate [Ottoman Protectorate of the Kingdom of Acheh Abode of Peace]  (Sigli)Keurajeun ACÈH DARUSSALAM : كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام (ace) + Kesultanan ACEH DARUSSALAM : كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام (ms) + Sultanat ACHEH DARUSSALAM : دار الإسلام اچيه (ar)  (Sigli)
AFGHANISTAN
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of United AFGHANISTAN [British Indian Protected State]  (Kabul)Emirate of United AFGHANISTAN (en) + Dǝ AFĠĀNISTĀN Dawlat : د افغانستان دولت (ps)  (Kabul)
BALUCHISTAN
Princely Baloochistan States : BALUCHISTAN Agency  (Kalat)BALUCHISTAN Agency (en) + BALOCHISTAN Ajensy : بلوچستان ایجنسی (ur) + BALUCHISTAN : بلوچستان (bal)  (Kalat)
BANGANAPALLE
British Protectorate of the Princely State of BANGANAPALLE  (Banganapalle)BANGANA PALLE State (en) + Banagānapalle : BANAGANA PALLI : బనగానపల్లె (te)  (Banaganapalli)
BARODA
De facto Semi-Independent
BARODA Residency  (Baroda)BARODA Residency (en) + BADODA Residensi : बडोदा रेसिडेन्सी (mr)  (Baroda)
BHOOTAN
State of BHOOTAN [British Indian Protectorate of the Regency of Bhutan Tributary of Sino-Nepalese Thibet]  (Paro + Punakha + Thimbu)State of BHOOTAN (en) + Druk Gyal-Khab : DRUK-YUL : འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ : འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ (dz)  (Paro + Punakha + Thimphu)
BRITISH GILGIT
GILGIT British Agency  (Gilgit + (Srinagar))GILGIT British Agency (en)  (Gilgit + (Srinagar))
BRUNEI
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of BRUNEI [British Protectorate]  (Brunei Town)Sultanate of BRUNEI (en) + Negeri BRUNEI : نڬارا بروني (kxd)  (Brunei Town)
BUKHARA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of BUKHARA [Russian Protectorate]  (Bukhara)BUXORO Amirligi (uz) + Amorati BUXORO : Аморати БУХОРО : امارت بخارا‎ (tg) + BUKHARSKAYA Emirat : БУХАРСКИЙ эмират (ru)  (Bokhara)
CENTRAL INDIA
De facto Semi-Independent
CENTRAL INDIA Agency [Princely States under British Indian Suzerainty]  (Indore)CENTRAL INDIA Agency (en)  (Indore)
CHAMPASACK
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CHAMPASACK [Vassal State of Siam]  (Bassac)Negara Champasakti : Nakhon CHAMPASAK : อาณาจักรล้านช้างจำปาศักดิ์ (lo)  (Nakhon Champasak)
CYPRUS
De facto Semi-Independent
Sanjak of CYPRUS [British Protectorate under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty in the Archipelago Vilayet]  (Nicosia)British Protectorate of CYPRUS ISLAND (en) + Sanjak-i ḲIBRIṣ : سانجک قبرس (ota)  (Nicosia)
DEWAS STATES
Protectorates of DEWAS States  (Dewas)DEWAS States (en)  (Dewas)
DHOFAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Sheikhdom of DHOFAR [under Omani Suzerainty]  (Mirbat)Mashaykat ZUFAR : إقليم ظفار (ar) + Sheikhdom of DHOFAR (en)  (Mirbat)
HUNZA
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely State of HUNZA [British Protectorate of the Princely State of Kanjut under Kashmiri Suzerainty]  (Baltit)Princely State of HUNZA (en) + Mir HUNZA : ہنزہ (bsk)  (Baltit)
HYDEBABAD
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of the Princely State of Hyderabad Deccan : HYDERABAD Residency  (Hyderabad)Princely State of HYDERABAD DECCAN (en) + Hryast HAYDARABAD : ریاست حیدرآباد (ur) + HAIDARABAD Sansthāna : హైదరాబాద్ సంస్థాన (te)  (Hyderabad)
INNER MANCHURIA
Protectorate of MANCHURIA [Russian Sphere of Influence in Inner Manchuria]  (Aigunov)MANCHZHURIYA Territoriya : МАНЬЧЖУРИЯ Территория (ru) + HEI-LUNG-CHIANG : 黑龍江 (zh)  (Aigunov)
JAMMU AND KASHMIR
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [British Indian Protectorate]  (Jammu + Srinagar)Princely State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR (en) + JAMMU O-KASHMIR : مقبوضہ کشمیر (ur) + JAMMU O KAHSMIR : جۄم تٕ کٔشېر (ks)  (Jammu + Srinagar)
JOHORE
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of JOHORE [British Protectorate of the Unfederated Malay State of Johore]  (Johore Bahru + Muar Town)State of JOHORE (en) + Negeri JOHOR DARUL TA''ZIM : جوهر دارالتّعظيم (ms)  (Johore Bahru + Muar Town)
KASHI
British Protectorate of the Kashi Kingdom of BENARES  (Benares)Kingdom of KASHI (en) + KASHI Samrajy : काशी साम्राज्य (hi)  (Benaras)
KHIVA
De facto Semi-Independent
Khanate of KHIVA [Russian Protectorate]  (Khiva)XIVA Xonligi : خیوه خانلیگی (uz) + KHIVA Khonligi : خانات خیوه (fa) + KHIVINSKOE Khanstvo : ХИВИНСКОЕ ханство (ru)  (Xiva)
KUWAIT
Sheikhdom of KUWAIT [British Protectorate part of the Ottoman Vilayet of Bassorah]  (Kuwait)Kazan-i KUVEYT : منطقة الكويت (ota) + Qada''a AL-KUWAYT : منطقة الكويت (ar) + District of KUWAIT (en)  (Kuveyt)
MALAY STATES
De facto Semi-Independent
Federated MALAY STATES [British Malaya Territory]  (Kuala Lumpur)Federated MALAY STATES (en) + NEGERI-NEGERI MELAYU Bersekutu : نڬري٢ ملايو برسكوتو (ms)  (Kuala Lumpur)
MUSTANG
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of Lo : Kingdom of MUSTANG [under Nepalese Suzerainty]  (Lo Manthang)Mun Tan : SMON-THANG (bo) + MASTANG Rajya : मुस्ताङ राज्य (ne)  (Lo Monthang)
MYSORE
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of MYSORE [British Residency]  (Bangalore)MYSORE Residency (en) + MAHISURU Residensi : ಮೈಸೂರು ರೆಸಿಡೆನ್ಸಿ (kn)  (Bangalore)
NAGAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Princely State of NAGAR [under Kashmiri Suzerainty]  (Nagar)Princely State of NAGAR (en) + Tham NAGIR : نگر (bsk)  (Nagar)
NAJRAN
De facto Semi-Independent
Muslim Principality of NAJRAN under Yemeni Suzerainty  (Aba As-Saud)Da''ias NAJRAN : إمارة نجران (ar)  (Aba As-Saud)
NEGROS
De facto Semi-Independent
United Stated Protected Republic of NEGROS  (Bacolod)República NEGRÉNSE (ceb) + Republic of NEGROS (en) + República de NEGROS (es) + República sg NEGROS (hil)  (Bacolod)
NEPAUL
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of NEPAUL [British Protectorate under Chinese Suzerainty]  (Kathmandu)Kingdom of NEPAUL (en) + NEPAL Adhirajya : नेपाल अधिराज्य (ne)  (Kathmandu)
NORTH BORNEO
De facto Semi-Independent
State of NORTH BORNEO [British Protectorate under Suzerainty of the Sultanate of Sulu]  (Sandakhan)State of NORTH BORNEO (en) + Protektorat BORNEO UTARA : ڤروتيكتورات بورنيو اوتارا (msi)  (Sandakhan)
OUTER MONGOLIA
Bogd Khanate of OUTER MONGOLIA  (Urga)WAI MENG-KU Po-K''o-To Han-Kuo : 外蒙古 博克多汗 (zh) + Alr Mongol Bogd Haan - GADAAD MONGOL : ᠠᠷᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ ᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ - ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ (mn) + TÜLERGI MONGGO : ᡨᡠᠯᡝᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᠣᠩᡤᠣ (mnc)  (Ikk Khüree)
PASIR
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of PASIR [Netherlands Protectorate]  (Pasir Belengkong)Kesultanan PASIR : كسولتانن ڤاسير (ms) + Sultanaat PASIR (nl)  (Pasir Belengkong)
PERSIAN GULF STATES
De facto Semi-Independent
PERSIAN GULF Residency  (Bushire)PERSIAN GULF Residency (en) + Al''-Iqamat fi AL-KHALIJ AL-FARISI : الإقامة في الخليج الفارسي (ar)  (Bushire)
RAJPUTANA
De facto Semi-Independent
RAJPUTANA Agency  (Mount Abu)RAJPUTANA Agency (en)  (Mount Abu)
SARAWAK
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of SARAWAK [British Protectorate]  (Kuching + Claude Town)Kingdom of SARAWAK (en)  (Kuching + Claude Town)
SIKKIM
Kingdom of SIKKIM [British Protectorate under Tibetan influence]  (Gangtok)Kingdom of SIKKIM (en) + SIKKIMA Rajya : सिक्किम राज्य (ne)  (Gangtok)
STOK
Ladakhi STOK Estate Vassal of Jammu and Kashmir  (Stok)STOK Jagir (en) + STOK Jagir (lbj) + STOK Jagir : اسٹاک جاگیر (ur) + STOK Jagir : اسٹاک جاگیر (bft) + STOK Jagir (ks)  (Stok)
SULU
De facto Semi-Independent
Royal Sultanate of SULU DAR AL-ISLAM under American Suzerainty  (Jolo)Sultna SOLO DARUL-ISLAM : سلطنة سولو دار الإسلام (ar)  (Jolo)
TANAWAL
De facto Semi-Independent
Feudal Tanawal States : Country of TANAWAL  (Amb + Darband + Phulra)Feudal Tanawal States : Country of TANAWAL (en) + Mulk-e TANAWAL : الملک ت تانوال (ps)  (Amb + Darband + Phullra)
THIBET
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of THIBET [under Sino-Nepalese Suzerainty]  (Lhasa)Bö : BOD : བོད་ (bo) + HSI-TSANG Wang-Kuo : 西藏王国 (zh)  (Lha-Sa)
ZAMBOANGA
De facto Semi-Independent
United States Protectorate of the Republic of ZAMBOANGA  (Zamboanga)República de ZAMBOANGA (es) + Republic of ZAMBOANGA (en)  (Zamboanga)

41 Protected Entities


Federated & Regionalised Polities


ABU DHABI
Federated
Sheikhdom of ABU DHABI  (Abu Dhabi)Mashaykat ABU ZABY : المشيخة أبوظبي (ar) + Sheikhdom of ABU DHABI (en)  (Abu Dhabi)
ACHIN AND DEPENDENCIES
Federated
Netherlands Colonial Government of ACHIN AND DEPENDENCIES  (Kotaradja)Gouvernement ATJEH EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Koetaradja)
AFGHAN TURKESTAN
Federated
Province of AFGHAN TURKESTAN  (Mazar-i-Sharif)Province of AFGHAN TURKESTAN (en) + TURKISTAN AFGHANISTAN Wilayat : ترکستان افغانستان ولایت‎ (ps)  (Mazar-i-Sharif)
AJMAN
Federated
Sheikhdom of AJMAN  (Ajman)Mashaykat UJMAN : المشيخة عجمان (ar) + Sheikhdom of AJMAN (en)  (Ajman)
AJMER-MERWARA-KEKRI
Federated
Commissioner''s Province of AJMER-MERWARA-KEKRI  (Ajmer)Commissioner''s Province of AJMER-MERWARA-KEKRI (en)  (Ajmer)
ALWAR
Federated
ULWAR Agency : Alwar Agency  (Ulwar)ULWAR Agency : Alwar Agency (en)  (Ulwar)
AMB
Federated
Semi-Independent State of AMB : Tanawal Country  (Amb + Darband)State of AMB (en) + Rayast AMB : ریاست امب (pa) + Mulk-e TANAWAL : الملک ت تانوال (ps)  (Amb + Darband)
AMBOINA
Federated
Residency of AMBOINA [Dutch Colony of Moluccas]  (Amboina)Nederlandse Kolonie van Molukken : Residentie van AMBON (nl)  (Ambon)
AMIRI
Federated
AMIRI Emirate of Dali  (Dhala)Imārat Amiri Aḍ-ḌĀLI'' : إمارة الضالع (ar)  (Ad-Dali'')
ANDAMANS AND NICOBARS
Federated
Commissionner''s Province of THE ANDAMANS AND THE NICOBARS  (Port Blair)Commissionner''s Province of THE ANDAMANS AND THE NICOBARS (en)  (Port Blair)
ANNAM
Federated
Empire of ANNAM [French Protectorate]  (Hue)Empire d''ANNAM (fr) + Đế Quốc AN NAM - Trung Kỳ : 中圻 (vi)  (Huê)
BAHREIN AND DEPENDENCIES
Federated
British Protected State of BAHREIN AND DEPENDENCIES  (Manamah)State of BAHREIN AND DEPENDENCIES (en) + Dawlat AL-BAHRAYN WA TAWABI''HU : دولة البحرين وتبعيات (ar)  (Al-Manamah)
BAJHANG
State of the Traditional Kingdom of BAJHANG  (Chainpur)BAJHANG Rajya : बझाङ राज्य (ne)  (Chainpur)
BALI AND LOMBOK
Federated
Dutch Colonial Government of the Empire of BALI AND LOMBOK  (Klungkung)Gouvernement BALI EN LOMBOK (nl)  (Kloengkoeng)
BARHUT
Federated
Sultanate of BARHUT  (Barhut)Sultanat BARHUT : سلطنة بار هت (ar)  (Barhut)
BARODA-GAEKWAR
Federated
British Protectorate of the Gaekwar Princely State of BARODA  (Baroda)BARODA State (en) + BADODA Rajya : बडोदा राज्य (mr)  (Baroda)
BENGAL BIHAR AND ORISSA
Federated
BENGAL BIHAR AND ORISSA Province  (Calcutta)BENGAL BIHAR AND ORISSA Province (en)  (Calcutta)
BERAR
Federated
Hyderabad Assigned Districts of BERAR Province  (Amraoti)Hyderabad Assigned Districts of BERAR Province (en)  (Amraoti)
BIKANER
Federated
BIKANER Agency  (Bikaner)BIKANER Agency (en)  (Bikaner)
BOMBAY
Federated
BOMBAY Presidency  (Bombay)BOMBAY Presidency (en)  (Bombay)
BORNEO
Federated
Dutch Colony of BORNEO  (Samarinda)Nederlandse Kolonie van BORNEO (nl)  (Samarinda)
BRITISH BALUCHISTAN AND TRIBAL AREAS
Federated
Commissionner''s Province of BRITISH BALUCHISTAN and Tribal Areas  (Quetta)BRITISH BALUCHISTAN Province and Tribal Areas (en)  (Quetta)
BURMA
Federated
Province of BURMA  (Rangoon + Maymyo)Province of BURMA (en)  (Rangoon + Maymyo)
BUSHIRE
British Residency of the Arabian Gulf at BUSHIRE  (Bushire)British Residency of the Arabian Gulf at BUSHIRE (en) + BUSHEHR : اقامت از خلیج فارسی (fa)  (Bushire)
CAMBODIA
Federated
Kingdom of CAMBODIA [French Protectorate]  (Phnom Penh)Royaume du CAMBODGE (fr) + Preah Reach Ana Pak KAMPUCHEA : ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា (km)  (Phnom Penh)
CENTRAL PROVINCES
Federated
Commissionner''s Province of the CENTRAL PROVINCES of British India  (Nagpur)Commissionner''s Province of the CENTRAL PROVINCES (en)  (Nagpur)
COCHIN-CHINA
Federated
French Colony of COCHIN-CHINA  (Saigon)Colonie française de COCHINCHINE (fr)  (Saïgon)
COORG
Federated
Commissioner''s Province of COORG [administered from Mysore]  (Mercara)Commissioner''s Province of COORG (en)  (Mercara)
DAMAO
Governorate of the Portuguese Colony of DAMAO  (Damao)Governadoria de DAMÃO (pt)  (Damão)
DARNA
Achham State of the Traditional Kingdom of DARNA  (Darna)DARNA Rajya : दर्ना राज्य (ne)  (Darna)
DIBBA
Federated
Sheikhdom of DIBBA  (Dibba Al-Hisn)Mashaykat DIBAH : المشيخة دبا (ar) + Sheikhdom of DABA (en)  (Dibba Al-Hisn)
DIU
Governorate of the Portuguese Colony of DIU ISLAND  (Diu)Governadoria da ILHA DE DIU (pt)  (Diu)
DOTI
Kingdom of DOTI Vassal State of Nepal  (Dipayal Silgadhi)DOTI Raika Maharaj : डोटी राइका महाराज (ne)  (Dipayal Silgadhi)
DUBAI
Federated
Sheikhdom of DUBAI  (Dubai)Mashaykat DUBAYY : المشيخة دبي (ar) + Sheikhdom of DUBAI (en)  (Dubai)
EAST COAST
Federated
EAST COAST Residency  (Sandakhan)EAST COAST Residency (en) + Residensi PANTAI TIMUR : ريسيدنسي ڤنتاي تيمور (msi)  (Sandakhan)
EASTERN CENTRAL INDIA
Federated
Eastern States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency  (Rewah)Eastern States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency (en)  (Rewah)
EASTERN RAJPUTANA STATES
Federated
EASTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Agency  (Bharatpore)EASTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Agency (en)  (Bharatpore)
FARAH-CHAKANSUR
Federated
Province of FARAH-CHAKANSUR  (Farah)Province of FARAH-CHAKANSUR (en) + FARAH-CHAKANSUR Wilayat : فراه چخانسورولایت‎ (ps)  (Farah)
FRONTIER STATES
Federated
FRONTIER STATES Agency  (Wana)FRONTIER STATES Agency (en)  (Wana)
GOA
Governorate of the Portuguese Colony of GOA  (New Goa)Colônia Portuguesa de GOA (pt)  (Nova Goa)
GWALIOR
Federated
GWALIOR Residency  (The Residency of Gwalior)GWALIOR Residency (en) + GVALIYAR Residensi : ग्वालियर रेसिडेन्सी (hin) + + GVALIYAR Residensi : ग्वालियर रेसिडेन्सी (sa)  (The Residency of Gwalior)
GWALIOR-SCINDIA
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely Scindia State of GWALIOR  (Laskar)GVALIYAR Rajya : ग्वालियर राज्य (hin) + GVALIYAR Rajya : ग्वालियर राज्य (sa) + GWALIOR State (en)  (Laskar)
HAMRIYA
Federated
Al-Shamsi Sheikhdom of HAMRIYA  (Hamriyah Port)Mashaykat AL-HAMRIYAH : الحمرية المشيخة (ar) + Sheikhdom of HAMRIYAH (en)  (Hamriyah Port)
HARAOTI AND TONK
Federated
HARAOTI AND TONK Agency  (Deoli)HARAOTI-TONK Agency (en)  (Deoli)
HERAT
Federated
Province of HERAT  (Herat)Province of HERAT (en) + HERAT Wilayat : هرات ولايت (ps)  (Herat)
HIRA
Federated
Sheikhdom of HIRA  (Hira)Mashaykat HIRA : المشيخة حراء (ar) + Sheikhdom of HIRA (en)  (Hira)
HUKWANG
Federated
Viceroyalty of HUKWANG  (Wuchang)HU-KUANG Sheng : 湖廣省 (zh)  (Wu-Ch''ang)
JAIPUR
Federated
JAIPUR Residency  (Jaipur)JAIPUR Residency (en)  (Jaipur)
JAISALMER
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of JAISALMER  (Jaisalmer)JAISALMER State (en) + JAISALMIR Raajy : जैसलमेर राज्य (hi)  (Jaisalmer)
JAMBI
Federated
Netherlands Colonial Government of JAMBI Sultanate in rebellion  (Jambi)Gouvernement DJAMBI (nl)  (Djambi)
JASSAKTUKHAN
JASSAKTU-KHAN Province  (Uliastay)ZASAGTU HAAN Aimag : ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭᠲᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ (mn) + ULIASSUTAI Sheng : 烏里雅蘇臺城省 (zh)  (Uliassutai)
JAVA
Federated
Residencies of JAVA [Dutch Colony of Java]  (Batavia)Residenties van JAVA (nl)  (Batavia)
JHALAWAR
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of JHALAWAR  (Jhalawar)JHALAWAR State (en) + JHALAWAD Raajy : झालावाड़ राज्य (hi)  (Jhalawar)
JIRIM
Federated
JIRIM League  (Tungliao)JIREM Ayimay  (Töngliyao)
JODHPUR
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of JODHPUR  (Jodhpur)JODHPUR State (en) + JODHPUR Raajy : जोधपुर राज्य (hi)  (Jodhpur)
JOGJAKARTA
Federated
Autonomous Government of JOGJAKARTA  (Jogjakarta)Gouvernement JOGJAKARTA (nl)  (Djokjakarta)
JOHOL
Federated
JOHOL District [Johol State]  (Pekan Johol)JOHOL District (en) + Daerah JOHOL (ms) + Daerah JOHOL (zmi)  (Pekan Johol)
JOSUTU
Federated
Tumed JOSUTU League  (Chaoyang)CHO-SO-T''U Meng : 卓索圖盟 (zh) + Tumäd JOSUTU Ayimay : ᠵᠣᠰᠤᠲᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠢᠭᠤᠯᠭᠠᠨ (mn)  (Ch''ao-Yang)
JUNUBI
Federated
Southern Province : JUNUBI Province  (Gardez)JUNUBI Province (en) + JUNUBI Wilayat : جنوبی ولايت‎ (ps)  (Gardez)
JUU UDA
Federated
Kharchin JUU UDA League : Chihfeng League  (Chihfeng)CH''IH-FENG Meng : 赤峰盟 (zh) + JUU UDA Ayimay (mn)  (Ch''ih-Feng)
KABUL
Federated
Emirate of KABUL  (Kabul)Emirate of KABUL (en) + KABUL Amirat : کابل امارت (ps)  (Kabul)
KALAT
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of KALAT : Khanate of Kalat  (Kalat)KALAT State (en) + Riyasat KALAT : ریاست قلات (ur) + Khanat QALAT : خانات ءِ قلات (bal)  (Kalat)
KANDAHAR
Federated
Province of KANDAHAR  (Kandahar)Province of KANDAHAR (en) + KANDAHAR Wilayat : کندهار ولايت (ps)  (Kandahar)
KATAGHAN-BADAKHSHAN
Federated
Province of KATAGHAN-BADAKHSHAN  (Baghlan)Province of KATAGHAN-BADAKHSHAN (en) + QATAGHAN-BADAKHSHAN Wilayat : قطغن بدخشان ولایت‎ (ps)  (Baghlan)
KAZIM
Federated
Sultanate of KAZIM  (Majalah)Saltanat QASM : سلطنة قاسم (ar)  (Al-Ma''jalah)
KISHANGARH
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of KISHANGARH  (Kishangarh)KISHANGARH State (en) + KISHANAGADH Raajy : किशनगढ़ राज्य (hi)  (Kishangarh)
KOTAH
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of KOTAH  (Kotah)KOTAH State (en) + KOTA Riyasaat : कोटा रियासत (hi)  (Kotah)
KOTAH-JHALAWAR
Federated
KOTAH-JHALAWAR Agency  (Kotah)KOTAH-JHALAWAR Agency (en)  (Kotah)
LABUAN ISLAND
Federated
Crown Colony of LABUAN ISLAND [British Residency]  (Victoria)Crown Colony of LABUAN ISLAND (en)  (Victoria)
LAOS
Federated
French Protectorate of LAOS  (Vientiane)Protectorat français du LAOS (fr) + LAO : ລາວ (lo)  (Viengchan)
LASBELA
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of LAS BELA  (Bela)LAS BELA State (en) + Riyasat LAS-BELA : ریاست لسبیلہ (ur)  (Bela)
LIANGKIANG
Federated
Viceroyalty of LIANGKIANG Province  (Soochow)LIANG-CHIANG Sheng : 連江縣 省 (zh)  (Su-Chou)
LIANGKWANG
Federated
Viceroyalty of LIANGKWANG Province  (Canton)LIANG-KUANG Sheng : 兩廣省 (zh)  (Kuang-Chou)
LINGGA RIOW AND DEPENDENCIES
Federated
Sultanate of LINGGA RIOW AND ITS DEPENDENCIES  (Daik + Penyengat Inderasakti)Sultanaat van LINGGA RIAU EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl) + Kesultanan RIAU-LINGGA : کسلطانن رياوليڠݢ (zlm)  (Daik + Penyengat Inderasakti)
MADRAS
Federated
Presidency of MADRAS  (Madras)Presidency of MADRAS (en)  (Madras)
MAHAKALI
Autonomous Principality in Western Hills : Kingdom of MAHAKALI  (Darchula Khalanga)MAHAKALI Rajya : महाकाली राज्य (ne)  (Ghat Bazar)
MALACCA
Crown Colony of MALACCA [British Residency]  (Malacca Town)Crown Colony of MALACCA (en)  (Malacca Town)
MARRI AND BUGTI COUNTRY
Federated
TRIBAL AREAS of Beluchistan  (Sibi + Dera Bugti + Kohlu)TRIBAL AREAS of Baluchistan (en)  (Sibi + Dera Bugti + Kohlu)
MARWAR
Federated
WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Residency : Marwar  (Jodhpur)WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Residency (en)  (Jodhpur)
MASHRIKI
Federated
Eastern Province : MASHRIKI Province  (Jalalabad)MASHRIKI Province (en) + MASHRIKI Wilayat : استان های شرقی (ps)  (Jelalabad)
MENADO
Federated
Residency of MENADO  (Menado)Residentie MENADO (nl)  (Menado)
MEWAR
Federated
MEWAR Residency  (Udaipur)MEWAR Residency (en)  (Udaipur)
MINCHE
Federated
Viceroyalty of MIN-CHE : Province of Che-Kiang  (Hangchow)MIN-CHE Sheng : Che-Chiang Sheng - 閩浙省 : 浙江省 (zh)  (Hang-Chou)
MUSCAT AND OMAN
Federated
Sultanate of MUSCAT AND OMAN [British Protected State]  (Muscat)Sultanate of MUSCAT AND OMAN (en) + Saltanat MUSQAT WA UMAN : مسقط وعمان (ar)  (Muscat)
NEGRI SEMBILAN
Federated
NEGRI SEMBILAN Confederation [British Protectorate]  (Seremban + Sri Menanti)British Protectorate of NEGRI SEMBILAN (en) + Negeri NEGERI SEMBILAN DARUL KHUSUS : نڬري سمبيلن دار الخصوص (ms) + Nogoghi NOGOGHI SMILAN Darul Khusus : نݢري سمبيلن دار الخصوص (zmi)  (Seremban + Seri Menanti)
NORTH-EAST FRONTIER
Federated
Commissionner''s Province of NORTH-EAST FRONTIER  (Kamrup)Commissionner''s Province of NORTH-EAST FRONTIER (en)  (Kamrup)
NORTH-WESTERN PROVINCES AND OUDH
Federated
Province of the NORTH-WESTERN PROVINCES AND OUDH  (Agra + Allahabad + Lucknow)Province of the NORTH-WESTERN PROVINCES AND OUDH (en)  (Agra + Allahabad + Lucknow)
ORDOS
Federated
ORDOS League  (Ordos)YI-K''O-CHAO Meng : 伊克昭盟 (zh) + IKH JUU Ayimay : ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠵᠤᠤᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ (mn)  (Eh-Erh-To-Ssü)
PAHANG
Federated
Sultanate of PAHANG [British Protectorate]  (Kuala Lipis + Pekan)State of PAHANG (en) + Negeri PAHANG DARUL MAKMUR : ڨهڠ دار المعمور (ms)  (Kuala Lipis + Pekan)
PEICHIHLI
Federated
Directly administered Territory of the Viceroyalty of Chihli Honan and Shantung : PEICHIHLI Province  (Paoting)PEI-CHIH-LI Sheng : 北直隶省 (zh)  (Pao-Ting)
PENANG AND PROVINCE WELLESLEY
Crown Colony of PENANG AND PROVINCE WELLESLEY [British Residency]  (George Town)Crown Colony of PENANG AND PROVINCE WELLESLEY (en)  (George Town)
PERAK
Federated
Sultanate of PERAK [British Protectorate]  (Taiping + Kuala Kangsar)Sultanate of PERAK (en) + Negeri PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN : ڨيرق دار الرّضوان (ms)  (Bandar Taiping + Kuala Kangsar)
PHULRA
Federated
Semi-Independent Khanate of PHULRA State  (Phulra)PHULLRA State (en) + Ryast PHULERA : ریاست پھلرا (ur) + Mir-e PHULRAH : مير فاضله (ps)  (Phullra)
PUNJAB
Federated
PUNJAB Province  (Lahore)PUNJAB Province (en)  (Lahore)
RADFAN
Federated
Qutaibi Sheikhdom of RADFAN  (Al Naqil)Mashyakhat al-QUṭAYBĪ : مشيخة القطيبي (ar)  (An-Naqil)
RAS AL-KHAIMA
Federated
Independent Sheikhdom of RAS AL-KHAIMA  (Ras Al-Khaima)Mashaykat RA''S AL-KHAYMAH : المشيخة رأس الخيمة (ar) + Independent Sheikhdom of RAS AL-KHAIMAH (en)  (Ras Al-Khaimah)
SAYN-NOYON-KHAN
Province of SAYN-NOYON KHAN  (Sayn Shanda)SAIN-NOYAN HAAN Aimak (mn) + SAI-YIN NO-YEN Pu : 賽音諾顏部 (zh)  (Sainshanda)
SELANGOR
Federated
Sultanate of SELANGOR [British Protectorate]  (Kuala Lumpur)British Protectorate of SELANGOR (en) + Negeri SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN : سلاڠور دار الإحس (ms)  (Kuala Lumpur)
SELEBES AND DEPENDENCIES
Federated
Government of SELEBES AND DEPENDENCIES [Dutch Colony of Celebes]  (Makassar)Gouvernement SELEBES EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Mangkasar)
SEROHI
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of SEROHI  (Serohi)SEROHI State (en) + SIROHI Raajy : सेरोही राज्य (hi)  (Serohi)
SHABWA
Federated
Sultanate of SHABWA  (Shabwa)Saltanat SHABWAH : سلطنة شبوة (ar)  (Shabwah)
SHARJAH
Federated
Emirate of SHARJAH  (Sharjah)Imarat ASH-SHARIQAH : إمارة الشارقة (ar) + Emirate of SHARJAH (en)  (Sharjah)
SHENKAN
Federated
Viceroyalty of SHENKAN Province  (Hsian-Foo)SHAN-KAN Sheng : 陝甘省 (zh)  (Hsian-Fu)
SILINGOL
Federated
SILINGOL League  (Silinhot)HSI-LIN KUO-LE Meng : 锡林郭勒盟 (zh) + SILI-YIN YOUL Ayimay : ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ (mn)  (Siliyinhot)
SINGAPORE
British Crown Colony of SINGAPORE  (Singapore)British Crown Colony of SINGAPORE (en)  (Singapore)
SINKIANG
Federated
Viceroyalty of SINKIANG Province  (Urumtsi)HSIN-CHIANG Sheng : 新疆省 (zh)  (Ti-Hua)
SUMATRA
Federated
Dutch Colony of SUMATRA  (Medan)Nederlandse Kolonie van SOEMATRA (nl)  (Medan)
SUMATRA''S WEST COAST
Federated
Government of SUMATRA''S WEST COAST  (Padang)Gouvernement SOEMATRA''S WESTKUST (nl)  (Padang)
SURAKARTA
Federated
Autonomous Government of SURAKARTA  (Surakarta)Gouvernement SOERAKARTA (nl)  (Soerakarta)
SZECHWAN
Federated
Viceroyalty of SZECHWAN Province  (Chengtu)SZU-CH''UAN Sheng : 四川省 (zh)  (C''heng-Tu)
TARANGAGADH
Federated
TARANGAGADH Agency  (Reni)TARANGAGADH Agency (en)  (Reni)
TARIM
Federated
Sultanate of TARIM  (Tarim)Saltanat TAREEM : سلطنة تريم (ar)  (Tareem)
THALAHARA
State of the Traditional Kingdom of THALAHARA  (Thalahara)THALAHARA Rajya : थलाहारा राज्य (ne)  (Thalahara)
TIMOR AND DEPENDENCIES
Federated
Residency of TIMOR AND DEPENDENCIES  (Kupang)Residentie TIMOR EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Koepang)
TONGKING
Federated
French Protectorate of TONGKING  (Hanoi)Protectorat du TONKIN (fr) + Bảo hộ BắC Kỳ - Bắc Bộ : 北圻 (vi)  (Hanoï)
TRUCIAL OMAN
Federated
Princely States of the Trucial Sheikhdoms : TRUCIAL OMAN [British Protectorate]  (Sharjah)Trucial Sheikhdoms : TRUCIAL OMAN (en) + Mashakyat AYAT-AL-ASSAHEL AL-MATASALEH : الإمارات المتصالحة من ساحل عمان (ar)  (Sharjah)
TSETSENKHAN
TSETSEN-KHAN Province  (Bayan Tumen)TSETIEN HAAN Aymag  (Bayan Tümen)
TUSHETUKHAN
TUSHETU KHAN Province  (Urga)TUSHIYETU HAAN Aymag  (Ikk Khüree)
UDAIPUR AND MEWAR
Federated
British Protectorate of the Princely State of UDAIPUR AND MEWAR  (Udaipur)State of UDAIPUR AND MEWAR (en) + MEWAD Raajy : मेवाड़ राज्य (mtr)  (Udaipur)
ULIANCHAB
Federated
ULIANCHAB League  (Wulanhua)WU-LAN-CH''A-PU Meng : 烏蘭察布蒙 (zh) + ULAYANQADA Ayimay : ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪ (mn)  (Wu-Lan-Hua)
UMM AL-QIWAIN
Federated
Sheikhdom of UMM AL-QIWAIN  (Umm Al-Qiwain)Mashaykat UMM AL-QAYWAYN : المشيخة أم القيوين (ar) + Sheikhdom of UMM AL-QIWAIN (en)  (Umm Al-Qiwain)
WEST COAST
Federated
WEST COAST Residency  (Jesselton)WEST COAST Residency (en) + Residensi PANTAI BARAT : ريسيدنسي ڤنتاي بارت (msi)  (Jesselton)
WESTERN CENTRAL INDIA
Federated
Western States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency  (Indore)Western States of CENTRAL INDIA Agency (en)  (Indore)
WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES
Federated
WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Agency  (Dungarpur)WESTERN RAJPUTANA STATES Agency (en)  (Dungarpur)
YUNKWEI
Federated
Viceroyalty of YUNKWEI Province  (Yunnan-Fu)YUN-KUEI Sheng : 雲貴省 (zh)  (Yun-Nan-Fu)

125 Federated or Regionalised Polities


Territories & Dependencies


AIGUN
Rebellion
AIGUN Russian Concession [Boxer Rebellion]  (Aigunov)AYGUNSKAYA Kontsessiya : АЙГУНСКАЯ Концессия (ru)  (Aygunov)
AMERICAN TIENTSIN
British administered TIENTSIN American Concession Territory  (Tientsin American Concession)TIENTSIN American Concession Territory (en)  (Tientsin American Concession)
AMOY ISLAND
British Concession of AMOY ISLAND  (Siming)British Concession of AMOY ISLAND (en)  (Siming)
ARABISTAN
Autonomous Province of ARABISTAN  (Ahwaz)Ostān-e ARABESTAN : استان سعودی (fa) + Muqataeat AL-ARABIA : مقاطعة العربية (ar)  (Ahvaz)
BALUCHISTAN
Princely Baloochistan States : BALUCHISTAN Agency  (Kalat)BALUCHISTAN Agency (en) + BALOCHISTAN Ajensy : بلوچستان ایجنسی (ur) + BALUCHISTAN : بلوچستان (bal)  (Kalat)
BANGANAPALLE
British Protectorate of the Princely State of BANGANAPALLE  (Banganapalle)BANGANA PALLE State (en) + Banagānapalle : BANAGANA PALLI : బనగానపల్లె (te)  (Banaganapalli)
BHADERWAH
BHADERWAH Estate  (Bhaderwah)BHADRAWAH Jagir  (Bhaderwah)
BHOOTAN
State of BHOOTAN [British Indian Protectorate of the Regency of Bhutan Tributary of Sino-Nepalese Thibet]  (Paro + Punakha + Thimbu)State of BHOOTAN (en) + Druk Gyal-Khab : DRUK-YUL : འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ : འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ (dz)  (Paro + Punakha + Thimphu)
BRITISH FOOCHOW
British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)British Concession at FOOCHOW (en)  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH GILGIT
GILGIT British Agency  (Gilgit + (Srinagar))GILGIT British Agency (en)  (Gilgit + (Srinagar))
BRITISH HANKOW
British Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow British Concession)British Concession at HANKOW (en)  (Hankow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN
British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)British Concession of SHAMEEN (en)  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN
TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)British Concession of TIENTSIN (en)  (Tientsin British Concession)
CAMIGUIN
Rebellion
Independent Island of CAMIGUIN  (Catarman of Camiguin)Isla de CAMIGUÍN (es) + Pulo ng CAMIGUIN (tl)  (Katadman)
CANTON BAY
CANTON BAY Leased Territory  (Chankiang)Territoire de la BAIE DE CANTON (fr) + Tsu-Chieh KUANG-CHOU-WAN : 租界廣州灣 (zh)  (Chan-Kiang)
CAUCASUS
Government-General of the CAUCASUS  (Tiflis)KAVKAZKOE Glavnoupravlyayushchiy : КАВКАЗСКОЕ главноуправляющий (ru)  (Tiflis)
CEYLON
British Crown Colony of CEYLON  (Colombo)British Crown Colony of CEYLON (en)  (Colombo)
CHAKHAR
CHANGYUAN Special Region : Chakhar Eight Banners Territory  (Kalgan)CHANG-YUAN T''e-Ch''ü : 張垣特區 (zh)  (Wan-Ch''üan)
CHANTABOON
French Occupied Province of Chantabor : Province of CHANTABOON  (Chantaboon)Province de CHANTABOUN (fr) + Mueang CHANTHA BURI : เมืองจันทบุรี (th)  (Chantabor)
CHEFOO
Settlement of CHEFOO  (Chefoo)Settlement of CHEFOO (en) + Établissement de TCHÉ-FOU (fr) + CHE-FU : 浙輻 (zh)  (Chefoo)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE
China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER  (Kharbin)Kitaisko-Vostochnaya Zheleznaya Doroga - KVZD : Китайско-Восточная Железная Дорога - КВЖД (ru)  (Kharbin)
CHINENI
CHINENI Estate  (Chineni)CHINENI Jagir  (Chineni)
CHINKIANG
British Concession at CHINKIANG  (Chinkiang)British Concession at CHINKIANG (en)  (Chinkiang)
DARDANELLES
Autonomous Province of DARDANELLES : Mutesarifate of Bigha  (Hellespont)Mutasarrifiyet-i BIĞA : موتاساريفيت-i بيغا (ota)  (Çanakkale)
DAWASIR VALLEY
Rashidite Military Region of DAWASIR VALLEY  (Khamaseen + Nowaima)Mintaqat WADI AD-DAWASIR : منطقة وادي الدواسر (ar)  (Al-Khamaseen + Al-Nowaima)
DEWAS STATES
Protectorates of DEWAS States  (Dewas)DEWAS States (en)  (Dewas)
FAR EAST
Siberian Government-General of AMUR : Russian Far East  (Khabarovsk)AMURSKAYA General-Gubernatorstvo : АМУРСКАЯ Генерал-Губернаторство (ru)  (Khabarovsk)
FOOCHOW AND ARSENAL PAGODA
French Settlements in FOOCHOW AND ARSENAL PAGODA  (Arsenal Pagoda)Établissements français à FOUTCHÉOU ET ARSENAL PAGODA (fr) + Fa-Kuo Tsi-Kou FU-CHOU A-SEN-NA PAO-T''A : 法國機構福州阿森納寶塔 (zh)  (Arsenal Pagoda)
FORMOSA ISLAND
Dependency of FORMOSA : Taiwan  (Taipeh)TAKASAGO Koku : 高砂国 (ja)  (Taihoku)
FRENCH CHUNGKING
French Marine Establishment in CHUNGKING  (Wangchiato)Établissement de la Marine française à TCHONG-KING (fr)  (Wang-Chia-T''o)
FRENCH HANKOW
French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)Concession française à HANKÉOU (fr)  (Concession Française de Hankéou)
FRENCH INDIA
French Settlements in INDIA  (Pondicherry)Établissements français dans l''INDE (fr)  (Pondichéry)
FRENCH SHAMEEN
French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)Concession française de SHAMEEN (fr)  (Concession Française de Shameen)
FRENCH SHANGHAI
Municipal Council of the French Concession of SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)Conseil municipal de la Concession française de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + SHANG-HAI FA Tsu-Chieh Shih Cheng-Chü : 上海法租界市政局 (zh)  (Concession Française de Changhaï)
FRENCH TIENTSIN
TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)Concession française de TIENTSIN (fr)  (Concession Française de Tientsin)
FUKIEN
FUKIEN Region [Japanese Sphere of Influence part of Minche Viceroyalty]  (Foochow)FU-CHIEN Ti-Ch''ü : 福建地區 (zh)  (Fu-Chou)
GERMAN HANKOW
German Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow German Concession)Deutsch Konzession in HANKAU (de)  (Hankau)
GERMAN TIENTSIN
TIENTSIN German Concession  (German Tientsin Concession)Deutsch Konzession in TIENTSIN (de)  (Deutsch Tientsin)
GHAIL BA WAZIR
State of GHAIL BA WAZIR  (Ghail Ba Wazir)Dawlat GHAYL BA WAZIR : حالة غيل باوزير (ar)  (Ghayl Ba Wazir)
GOLDEN TRIANGLE
French Zone of Influence in GOLDEN TRIANGLE  (Mae Sai)S̄āmh̄elī̀ym Thxngkhả : SOP RUAK - สามเหลี่ยมทองคำ : สบรวก (th)  (Mae Sai)
HAINAM ISLAND
French Sphere of Influence on Hainam Island : CH''IUNG-YA Circuit  (Hoi How)CH''IUNG-YA Tao : 瓊雅 道 (zh)  (Hoi-Hao)
HOKKAIDO
HOKKAIDO Agency  (Sapporo)HOKKAIDŌ-Chō : 北海道庁 (ja)  (Sapporo)
HOLY LAND
French Territories in Jerusalem : French National Domain in THE HOLY LAND  (Church of Saint Anne + Eleona Monastery + Tomb of the Kings + Abbaye of Abu Gosh)Domaine national français en TERRE SAINTE (fr)  (Église Sainte-Anne + Monastère d''Eléona + Tombeau des Rois + Abbaye d''Abou Gosh)
HONGKONG
British Crown Colony of HONGKONG  (City of Victoria)British Crown Colony of HONGKONG (en)  (City of Victoria)
INDOCHINA
De facto Semi-Independent
French Government-General of the Indochinese Union : FRENCH INDO-CHINA [French Protectorate]  (Saigon)Union indochinoise : INDO-CHINE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Saïgon)
INNER MANCHURIA
Protectorate of MANCHURIA [Russian Sphere of Influence in Inner Manchuria]  (Aigunov)MANCHZHURIYA Territoriya : МАНЬЧЖУРИЯ Территория (ru) + HEI-LUNG-CHIANG : 黑龍江 (zh)  (Aigunov)
INNER MONGOLIA
Leagues of INNER MONGOLIA  (Chihfeng)NEI-MENG-KU Lien-Meng : 內蒙古聯盟 (zh) + ÖVÖR MONGOL Chuulghan : ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠯ (mn)  (Ch''ih-Feng)
JAPANESE AMOY
Japanese Concession at AMOY  (Amoy)AMOI Sokai : アモイ租界 (ja)  (Amoi)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW
Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)FŪTSUO-no Sokai : 福州の 租界 (ja)  (Fūtsuo)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW
Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)KŌSHŪ-no Sokai : 杭州の 租界 (ja)  (Kōshū)
JAPANESE HANKOW
Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)KAN KUCHI-no Sokai : 漢口の 租界 (ja)  (Kankuchi)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW
Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)SOSHŪ-no Sokai : 蘇州の 租界 (ja)  (Soshū)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN
TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)AMATSU Sokai : 天津の 租界 (ja)  (Amatsu)
JAWF
JAWF Emirate  (Al Hazm Al Jawf)Imarat AL-JAWF : إمارة الجوف (ar) + AL-JAWF Emirliği (ota)  (Al-Hazm Al-Jawf)
JERUSALEM
Autonomous Province of JERUSALEM : Mutesarifate of Kuds  (Jerusalem)Kudüs-i Şerif Mutasarrıflığı - Mutasarrifiyet-i KUDÜS : متصرفية القدس الشريف‎ (ota) + Mütesarrifiyat AL-QUDS ash-Sharif : متصرفية القدس الشريف (ar)  (Kudüs)
KASHI
British Protectorate of the Kashi Kingdom of BENARES  (Benares)Kingdom of KASHI (en) + KASHI Samrajy : काशी साम्राज्य (hi)  (Benaras)
KHORAT PLATEAU
French Zone of Influence of KORAT PLATEAU  (Khorat)P̣hūmip̣hākh THĪ̀RĀBS̄ŪNG KHORĀCH : ภูมิภาคที่ราบสูงโคราช (th) + PHAKTAUAENOOK Siangneu : ພາກຕາເວັນອອກສຽງເໜືອ (lo)  (Muang Nakhon Ratcha Sima)
KIAUCHAU
German Leased Territory of KIAUCHAU  (Tsingtao)Deutsches Pachtgebiet KIAUTSCHOU (de) + CHIAO-CHOU WAN Chü-Chieh-Ti : 胶州湾租借地 (zh)  (Tsingtau)
KIUKIANG
British Concession at KIUKIANG  (Kiukiang)British Concession at KIUKIANG (en)  (Kiukiang)
KULANGSU ISLAND
International Concession of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)Internationale Konzession von KULANGSU-INSEL (de) + International Concession of KULANGSU ISLAND (en) + Concesión Internacional de ISLA KULANGSU (es) + Concession internationale de l''ÎLE KOULANGSEU (fr) + Concessione internazionale dell''iSOLA KULANGSU (it) + KORONSU-JIMA no Kokusai Sokai : コロンス島の国際租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van KULANGSU EILAND (nl) + Concessão Internacional da ILHA KULANGSU (pt) + Kulan : Mezhdunarodnyy Kontsessiya KULANGYU OSTROVA : Международный Концессия КУЛАНГЮ ОСТРОВА (ru) + KU-LANG-YÜ Kuo-Tsì T''e-Hsü Ching-Ying : 鼓浪嶼國際特許經營 (zh)  (Kulangyu)
KUWAIT
Sheikhdom of KUWAIT [British Protectorate part of the Ottoman Vilayet of Bassorah]  (Kuwait)Kazan-i KUVEYT : منطقة الكويت (ota) + Qada''a AL-KUWAYT : منطقة الكويت (ar) + District of KUWAIT (en)  (Kuveyt)
KWANGCHOW
British Sphere of Influence in KWANGCHOW Prefecture  (Canton)KUANG-CHOU Ti-Chü : 廣州地區 (zh)  (Kuang-Chou)
KWANTUNG
Russian Leased Territory of the Province of KWANTUNG  (Dalny)KVANTUNSKAYA Oblast : КВАНТУНСКАЯ область (ru)  (Dalny)
LIMBUWAN
Limbu Kingdom : LIMBUWAN  (Ilam Bazar)LIMBU Yej : Yakthung Laaje (lif) + LIMBUWAN Anchal : लिम्बुवान अञ्चल (ne)  (Charkhola)
LIUKUNG ISLAND AND WEIHAIWEI
British Leased Territories of LIUKUNG ISLAND AND WEIHAIWEI  (Port Edward)British Leased Territories of LIUKUNG ISLAND AND WEIHAIWEI (en) + Ying-Tsu WEI-HAI-WEI : 英租威海卫 (zh)  (Port Edward)
LOWER YANGTZE
British Sphere of Influence in LOWER YANGTZE  (Chinkiang)CHANG-CHIANG HSIA-YU Ch''ü : 長江下游區 (zh) + LOWER YANGTZE Zone (en)  (Chinkiang)
MACAO
MACAO Overseas Colony of Portugal  (Macao)Colonia Ultramarina Portuguesa de MACAU (pt)  (Cidade do Santo Nome de Deus de Macau)
MAERONGSON
Principality of MAE RONG SON [British Zone of Influence of the Province of Maerongson in Northwest Circle]  (Maehongson)Mueang MAE HONG SORN : มืองแม่ฮ่องสอน (th)  (Mae Hong Son)
MAKU
Khanate of MAKU  (Maku)Khan-e MĀKŪ : خانات ماکو (fa)  (Mākū)
MALAY PENINSULA
British Zone of Influence of THE MALAY PENINSULA  (Nakhon Si Thammarat)P̣hūmip̣hākh KHAPSAMUT MALAYU : ภูมิภาคคาบสมุทรมลายู (th)  (Muang Nakhon Si Thammarat)
MANCHULI
MANCHURIA Region  (Manchuria)MANCHZURIYA Territoriya : МАНЬЧЖУРИЯ Территория (ru) + MAN-CHOU-LI Ti-Ch''ü : 滿洲里地區 (zh)  (Manchzhuriya)
MEADS
Micronation
Territory of MEADS  (Meads)Territory of MEADS (en)  (Meads)
MEKONG ZONE
Franco-Siamese Demilitarized Zone : MEKONG ZONE  (Muang Paklay)Zone démilitarisée FRANCO-SIAMOISE (fr) + K̄het Plxdthh̄ār F̄Rạ̀NGṣ̄ES̄-S̄YĀM : เขตปลอดทหารฝรั่งเศส-สยาม (th)  (Muang Pak Lay)
MOHAMMERAH
Autonomous Bani Kaab Sheikhdom of MOHAMMERAH  (Mohammerah)Mashaykat Banu Kaab MOHAMMERAH : المشيخة محمره (ar) + MOHAMMAREH : محمره شیخنشین (fa)  (Mohammerah)
MOUNT LEBANON
Autonomous Province of MOUNT LEBANON : Mutesarifate of Mount Lebanon  (Baabda + Aley + Damour)Mutasarrifiyet-i Cebel-i Lubnan - CEBEL-I LÜBNAN Mutasarrıflığı : متصاريفيت سيبيل-لبنان (ota) + Mütasarrifiyat JABAL LUBNAN : متصرفية جبل لبنان (ar)  (Baabda + Aley + Damour)
NANKING INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT
NANKING General Foreign Settlement  (Nanking International Settlement)NANKING General Foreign Settlement (en) + NAN-CHING Pan-Shih Ch''u : 南京辦事處 (zh)  (Nanking International Settlement)
NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES
Government-General of the NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES  (Batavia)Gouvernement-generaal van NEDERLANDS-INDIË (nl)  (Batavia)
NEWCHWANG
British Concession at NEWCHWANG  (Newchwang)British Concession at NEWCHWANG (en)  (Newchwang)
NICOMEDIA
Mutesarifate of NICOMEDIA : Autonomous Province of Izmid  (Nicomedia)Mutassarifiyet-i İZMID : متصرفية إزميد (ota)  (İzmid)
NINGPO
Settlement of NINGPO  (Ningpo)Établissement de NING-PO (fr) + NING-PO Chieh-Suan : 寧波結算 (zh)  (Ning-Po)
OUTER MONGOLIA
Bogd Khanate of OUTER MONGOLIA  (Urga)WAI MENG-KU Po-K''o-To Han-Kuo : 外蒙古 博克多汗 (zh) + Alr Mongol Bogd Haan - GADAAD MONGOL : ᠠᠷᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ ᠪᠣᠭᠳᠠ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ - ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ (mn) + TÜLERGI MONGGO : ᡨᡠᠯᡝᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᠣᠩᡤᠣ (mnc)  (Ikk Khüree)
PACKOI
Foreign Settlements of PACKOI  (Packhoi)Ausländische Siedlungen von PAKHOI (de) + Foreign Settlements of PACKOI (en) + Établissements étrangers de PACKOI (fr) + Insediamenti Stranieri di PAKHOI (it) Assentamentos Estrangeiros de PAKHOI (pt) + PEI-HAI-te Tìng-Chü Tien : 北海的定居點 (zh)  (Packhoi)
PARACEL ISLANDS
PARACEL ISLANDS Group  (Woody Island)Groupe des ÎLES PARACELS (fr)  (Île Woody)
PEKING
Directly administered Territory of PEKING  (Peking)PEI-CHING Shih : 北京市 (zh)  (Pei-Ching)
PEKING LEGATIONS
Rebellion
PEKING LEGATION Quarter [Boxer Rebelion]  (Peking Legation Quarter)PEKING LEGATION Quarter (en) + Quartier des LÉGATIONS DE PÉKIN (fr) + TUNG CHIAO MIN Hsiang : 東交民巷 (zh)  (Tung Chiao-Min Hsiang)
PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
United States Military Government of THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS : Unincorporated Territory of the Philippines  (Manila)United States Military Government of THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS (en)  (Manila)
POONCH
POONCH Estate  (Poonch)POONCH Jagir  (Poonch)
PORTUGUESE INDIA
Governorate-General of the Portuguese State of INDIA  (New Goa)Estado Português da ÍNDIA (pt)  (Nova Goa)
PORTUGUESE TIMOR
Portuguese Colony of PORTUGUESE TIMOR  (Dilly)Colônia Portuguesa de TIMOR PORTUGUÊS (pt)  (Dili)
QASIM
Governorate-General of BURAYDA in Qasim under Najdi Suzerainty  (Burayda)Amb Muhafazah BURAYDAH : العام بمحافظة بريدة (ar)  (Buraydah)
RUSSIAN ARCTIC OCEAN
Unorganized RUSSIAN ARCTIC OCEAN  (-)ROSSIYSKIY LEDOVITYY OKEAN : РОССИЙСКИЙ ЛЕДОВИТЫЙ ОКЕАН (ru)  (-)
RUSSIAN HANKOW
Russian Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Russian Concession)KHAN''KOU Kontsessiya : ХАНЬКОУ Концессия (ru)  (Khan''kou)
RUSSIAN TURKESTAN
Government-General of TURKESTAN  (Tashkend)RUSSKIY TURKESTAN General-Gubernatorstvo : РУССКИЙ ТУРКЕСТАН генерал-губернаторство (ru)  (Tashkend)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT
International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (no) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHEIKH SAID
French Colony of SHEIKH SAID Territory  (Sheikh Said)Territoire de CHEIKH-SAÏD (fr) + ŞEYH SAID''IN Eyalet : لشيخ سعيد (ota) + Eradi SHEIKH SAID : أراضي الشيخ سعيد (ar)  (Cheikh Saïd)
SIBERIA
Siberian Government-General of IRKUTSK in Asian Russia  (Irkutsk)IRKUTSKOYE General-Gubernatorstvo : ИРКУТСКОЕ Генерал-Губернаторство (ru)  (Irkutsk)
SIKKIM
Kingdom of SIKKIM [British Protectorate under Tibetan influence]  (Gangtok)Kingdom of SIKKIM (en) + SIKKIMA Rajya : सिक्किम राज्य (ne)  (Gangtok)
SIPITANG
SIPITANG Territory  (Sipitang)SIPITANG Territory (en) + Daerah SIPITANG : دايره سيڤيتڠ (msi)  (Sipitang)
SOCOTRA ROCK
SOCOTRA ROCK Area  (-)SOCOTRA ROCK Area (en)  (-)
SOUTHERN SHANTUNG
German Sphere of Influence of SOUTHERN SHANTUNG  (Linyi)SHAN-TUNG NAN-PU Ou : 山東南部區 (zh) + Gebiet des SÜDLICHEN SCHANTUNG (de)  (Linyi)
SPANISH EAST INDIES
Kingdom of the SPANISH EAST INDIES  (Liyubud + Sibutu)Reino de las INDIAS ORIENTALES ESPAŇOLAS (es)  (Liyubud + Sibutu)
SPRATLY ISLANDS
SPRATLY ISLANDS Group  (Spratly)Groupe des ÎLES SPRATLEY (fr)  (Spratley)
STEPPE
Government-General of THE STEPPE  (Semipalatinsk)STEPNOE General-Gubernatorstvo : СТЕПНОЕ генерал-губернаторство (ru)  (Semipalatinsk)
STOK
Ladakhi STOK Estate Vassal of Jammu and Kashmir  (Stok)STOK Jagir (en) + STOK Jagir (lbj) + STOK Jagir : اسٹاک جاگیر (ur) + STOK Jagir : اسٹاک جاگیر (bft) + STOK Jagir (ks)  (Stok)
STRAITS SETTLEMENTS
Crown Colony of the STRAITS SETTLEMENTS  (Singapore)Crown Colony of the STRAITS SETTLEMENTS (en)  (Singapore)
SUIYUAN
Military Territory of SUIYUAN  (Kweihua)SUI-YUAN Chün Ch''ü : 綏遠準出 (zh)  (Kuei-Hua)
TANNU-URIANKHAY
Unorganized Autonomous Region of TANNU-URIANKHAY  (Kyzyl)Tang-Nu WU-LIANG-HAI : 唐努烏梁海 (zh) + Tandy Tannu-Urjanchai : TANNU-URJANHAJ (tyv)  (Kitzule)
TAOHSI MONGOLIA
TAOHSI MONGOLIA Region  (Tingyuanying)TAO-HSI MENG-KU Ti-Ch''ü : 桃溪蒙古地區 (zh)  (Ting-Yuan-Ying)
TRANS-KARAKORAM
TRANS-KARAKORAM Territory  (Shaksgam)TRANS-KARAKORAM Territory  (Shaksgam)
TUMEN RIVER
TUMEN RIVER Zone [Russian Sphere of Influence]  (Tumen)Krai TYMANNYE : Kрай ТУМАННАЯ (ru) + TYMANGAN : 두만강 (ko)  (Tymannye)
UNAYZAH
Wahhabi Governorate-General of UNAYZAH  (Unayzah)Muhafazah ''ANAYZA : العام محافظة عنيزة (ar)  (''Anayza)
WUHU
British Concession in WUHU  (Wuhu)British Concession in WUHU (en)  (Wuhu)
ZANGLA
ZANGLA Kingdom  (Zangla)ZANGLA Kingdom (en) + ZANGLA (zau)  (Zangla)
ZANSKAR AND PADUM
ZANSKAR AND PADUM Kingdom  (Padum)ZANSKAR AND PADUM Kingdom (en) + ZANGS DKAR : ཟངས་དཀར་ (zau)  (Padum)

114 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


CHOYON
Organisation
Treaty of the Teaching of the Tantric Tibetan Buddhism : CHO-YON  (Lhasa)Mchod gnas-yon bdag : MCHOD-YON - མཆོད་གནས - ཡོན་བདག : མཆོད་ཡོན (bo) + T''AN-YÜEH Kuan-Hsi : 檀越关系 (zh)  (Lha-Sa) Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso
CONFUCIANISM
Organisation
Way of Life Teaching : CONFUCIANISM  (Chufu)Ju-Hsuëh : JU-CHIA - 儒学 : 儒家 (zh)  (Ch''ü-Fu) Emperor Kwang-Hsu Tsai-Tien
HINDUISM
Organisation
Teaching of Eternal Law : HINDUISM  (Benares)SANĀTANADHARMA : सनातनधर्म (sa)  (Benaras) Swami Vivekananda (in)
MAHAYANA BUDDHISM
Organisation
Teaching of the Great Vehicle Buddhism : MAHAYANA Buddhism  (Nara + Kyoto)MAHĀYĀNA : महायान (sa)  (Nara + Kyoto) Dharma Raja Jigme Chogyal (in)
PALESTINIAN JUDAISM
Organisation
Chief Rabbinate of Ottoman PALESTINE  (Jerusalem)FİLİSTİN Büyük Rabbisi : پالئیےسٹر عظیم رب (ota) + Grand-Rabbinat de PALESTINE (fr) + Ha-Rabanut Ha-Rashit Li-PALESTINA : הרבנות הראשית של פלסטין (he) + Al-Hakhamiat al-Kubraa fi FILASTIN : الحاخامية الكبرى في فلسطين (ar)  (Kudüs) Chief Rabbi Yaakov Shaul Elyashar (tr)
SHINTOISM
Organisation
Way of Gods : SHINTOISM  (Ujiyamada)Kami-no-michi : SHINTO - 香美ノー道 : 神道 (ja)  (Ujiyamada) Emperor Mutsuhito
THERAVADA BUDDHISM
Organisation
Teaching of Little Vehicle Buddhism : THERAVADA Buddhism  (Sarnath)Sthaviravāda : THERAVĀDA - स्थविरवाद (sa)  (Sarnath) Supreme Patriarches of the Sangha
UNITED STATES-KOREA ALLIANCE
Organisation
Treaty of Peace Amity Commerce and Navigation between UNITED STATES AND KOREA  (Chemulpo)Treaty of Peace Amity Commerce and Navigation between UNITED STATES AND KOREA (en) + 조·미수호통상조약 (ko)  (Chemulpo) Representatives

8 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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