ethnia.org
 

1943-SEP-08



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED POLITIES  ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES
 ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


AMERICA
SDN Observer
United States of America : USA  (Washington-District of Columbia)United States of America : USA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
CANADA
SDN Member
Dominion of CANADA  (Ottawa)Dominion of CANADA (en) + Dominion du CANADA (fr)  (Ottawa) King George VI
COSTA RICA
Ex SDN Member
Republic of COSTA RICA  (San Jose)República de COSTA RICA (es)  (San José) President Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia
CUBA
SDN Member
Republic of CUBA  (Havana)República de CUBA (es)  (La Habana) President Fulgencio Batista
DOMINICAN
SDN Member
DOMINICAN Republic  (Ciudad Trujillo)República DOMINICANA (es)  (Ciudad Trujillo) President Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
EL SALVADOR
PCA Member
Republic of EL SALVADOR  (San Salvador)República de EL SALVADOR (es)  (San Salvador) President Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez
GUATEMALA
PCA Member
Republic of GUATEMALA  (Guatemala City)República de GUATEMALA (es)  (Ciudad de La Nueva Guatemala de La Asunción) President Jorge Ubico
HAITI
PCA Member
Republic of HAITI  (Port Au Prince)Repiblik dAYTI (ht) + République d''HAÏTI (fr)  (Pòtoprens) President Elie Lescot
HONDURAS
Ex SDN Member
Republic of HONDURAS  (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela)República de HONDURAS (es)  (Tegucigalpa + Comayagüela) President Tiburcio Carias Andino
ICELAND
SDN Observer
Allied Occupied Regency of ICELAND  (Reykjavik)Regency of ICELAND (en) + Konungsríkið ÍSLAND (is) + Kongeriget ISLAND (da)  (Reykjavík) Regent Sveinn Bjornsson
MEXICO
SDN Member
United Mexican States : MEXICO  (Mexico City)Estados Unidos Méxicanos : MÉXICO (es)  (Ciudad de México) President Manuel Avila Camacho
NICARAGUA
PCA Member
Republic of NICARAGUA  (Managua)República de NICARAGUA (es)  (Managua) President Anastasio Somoza Garcia

12 Polities


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


MATAMOROS
Rebellion
Cartel of MATAMOROS  (Matamoros)Cártel de MATAMOROS (es)  (Matamoros) Juan Nepomuceno Guerra Cardenas
NATION OF ISLAM
Rebellion
Community of THE NATION OF ISLAM  (Detroit)Community of THE NATION OF ISLAM (en)  (Detroit) Elijah Muhammad

2 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES  (Willemstad)United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES (en)  (Willemstad)
GREENLAND
United States Protectorate of GREENLAND  (Godthaab)Protectorate of GREENLAND (en) + Protektoratet GRØNLAND (da)  (Godthaab)

2 Protected Entities


Territories & Dependencies


ALASKA
Territory of ALASKA  (Juneau)Territory of ALASKA (en)  (Juneau)
AMERICAN BERMUDA
American Military Bases in BERMUDA  (Fort Bell)American Military Bases in BERMUDA (en)  (Fort Bell)
ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES  (Willemstad)United States Protectorate of ARUBA CURACAO AND NETHERLANDS ANTILLES (en)  (Willemstad)
BAHAMAS
British Crown Colony of THE BAHAMAS  (Nassau)British Crown Colony of THE BAHAMAS (en)  (Nassau)
BERMUDA ISLANDS
Crown Colony of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS : Crown Colony of The Somers Isles  (Hamilton)Crown Colony of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS : Crown Colony of The Somers Isles (en)  (Hamilton)
BRITISH HONDURAS
Crown Colony of BRITISH HONDURAS  (Belize City)Crown Colony of BRITISH HONDURAS (en)  (Belize City)
BRITISH WEST INDIES
BRITISH WEST INDIES Territories  (Port-of-Spain)BRITISH WEST INDIES Territories (en)  (Port-of-Spain)
CAPE GRACIAS A DIOS
Comarca of CAPE GRACIAS A DIOS : Comarca of Cape Thank God  (Rosita)Comarca del CABO GRACIAS A DIOS (es)  (Rosita)
COLUMBIA
District of COLUMBIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)District of COLUMBIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
CORN ISLANDS
Leased Territory of CORN ISLANDS  (Corn Island)Leased Territory of CORN ISLANDS (en) + Territorio de las ISLAS DEL MAÍZ (es)  (Corn Island)
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES
FEDERAL DEPENDENCIES of Venezuela : High Sea  (Gran Roque)DEPENDENCIAS FEDERALES Venezolanas (es)  (Gran Roque)
GEORGES BANK
GEORGES BANK Area  (-)GEORGES BANK Area (en)  (-)
GREEN ISLAND
GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l''ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
GREENLAND
United States Protectorate of GREENLAND  (Godthaab)Protectorate of GREENLAND (en) + Protektoratet GRØNLAND (da)  (Godthaab)
GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES
Free French General Council of GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Basse-Terre)Conseil général français libre de la GUADELOUPE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
GUANTANAMO BAY
GUANTANAMO BAY United States Naval Operating Base  (Guantanamo Bay)GUANTANAMO BAY United States Naval Operating Base (en)  (Guantanamo Bay)
INDIANS OF AMERICA
Office of Indian Affairs : OIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Office of Indian Affairs : OIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INDIANS OF CANADA
League of INDIANS OF CANADA  (Ottawa)Reserves of CANADIAN INDIAN Bands (en) + Réserves des Bandes INDIENNES CANADIENNES (fr)  (Ottawa)
JAMAICA
British Colony of JAMAICA  (Kingston)British Colony of JAMAICA (en)  (Kingston)
LOWER CALIFORNIA NORTH
Northern Territory of LOWER CALIFORNIA  (Mexicali)Territorio del NORTE DE LA BAJA CALIFORNIA (es)  (Mexicali)
LOWER CALIFORNIA SOUTH
Southern Territory of LOWER CALIFORNIA  (La Paz)Territorio del SUR DE LA BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR (es)  (La Paz)
MARTINIQUE
Free French Colony of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Colonie française libre de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France)
MEXICO CITY
FEDERAL DISTRICT of Mexico City  (Mexico City)DISTRITO FEDERAL de la Ciudad de México (es)  (Ciudad de México)
NEWFOUNDLAND
Crown Colony of NEWFOUNDLAND  (Saint John''s)Crown Colony of NEWFOUNDLAND (en)  (Saint John''s)
NORTH-EAST GREENLAND
Secret German Stations in NORTH-EAST GREENLAND  (Bassgeiger on Shannon Island)Stationen in GRÖNLAND (de)  (Baßgeiger)
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES  (Fort Smith + Ottawa)Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES (en) + Territoire fédéral des TERRITOIRES DU NORD-OUEST (fr)  (Fort Smith + Ottawa)
OTTAWA CIVIC HOSPITAL
Extraterritorial Zone of OTTAWA CIVIC HOSPITAL  (Ottawa)Extraterritorial Zone of OTTAWA CIVIC HOSPITAL (en)  (Ottawa)
PUERTO RICO
United States Territory of PUERTO RICO  (San Juan Puerto Rico)United States Territory of PUERTO RICO (en)  (San Juan Puerto Rico)
QUINTANA ROO
Federal Territory of QUINTANA ROO  (Chetumal)Territorio Federal de QUINTANA ROO (es)  (Chetumal)
SAINT ANDREW AND PROVIDENCE
SAINT ANDREW AND PROVIDENCE Intendency  (Saint Andrew)Intendencia de SAN ANDRÉS Y PROVIDENCIA (es)  (San Andrés)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON
Free French Colony of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Colonie française libre de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS
Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS  (Charlotte Amalie)Unincorporated Territory of THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS (en)  (Charlotte Amalie)
YUKON
YUKON Territory  (Dawson City)YUKON Territory (en) + Territoire du YUKON (fr)  (Dawson City)

33 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


ALLIED POWERS
Organisation
Military Defence Pact of THE ALLIED POWERS  (Washington-District of Columbia)Military Defence Pact of THE ALLIED POWERS (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Four Policemen
BOUNDARY WATERS
Organisation
International Joint Commission : IJC  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie)International Joint Commission : IJC (en) + Commission Mixte Internationale : CMI (fr)  (Chicago + Sault Sainte Marie) Rulers of United States and Canada
ILO
Organisation
International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Montréal) DG Edward Phelan (ie)
JEWISH PEOPLE
Organisation
World Jewish Congress : WJC  (New York City)Al-Mutamar al-Yahudiu al-Ealamiu - MYA : المؤتمر اليهودي العالمي (ar) + Jüdischer Weltkongress : JWK (de) + World Jewish Congress : WJC (en) + Congreso Judío Mundial : CJM (es) + WJC : کنگره جهانی یهودیان (fa) + Congrès Juif Mondial : CJM (fr) + WJC : הקונגרס היהודי העולמי (he) + Zsidó Világkongresszus : ZVK (hu) + Congresso Ebraico Mondiale : CEM (it) + Światowy Kongres Żydowski : ŚKŻ (pl) + Vsemirnyy Yevreyskiy Kongress : VYK - Всемирный Еврейский Конгресс : ВЕК (ru)  (New York City) President Rabbi Stephen Samuel Wise (us)
PACIFIC HALIBUT
Organisation
International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC  (Seattle)International Pacific Halibut Commission : IPHC (en)  (Seattle) Director Henry Dunlop (us)
PACIFIC SALMON
Organisation
International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission : IPSFC  (Vancouver)International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Commission : IPSFC (en)  (Vancouver) Representatives for Canada and the United States
PAN-AMERICAN HEALTH
Organisation
Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB  (Washington-District of Columbia)Pan-American Sanitary Bureau : PASB (en) + Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana : OSP (es) + Bureau Sanitaire Panaméricain : BSP (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Director Hugh Smith Cumming (us)
PAN-AMERICAN UNION
Organisation
PAN-AMERICAN UNION Bureau  (Washington-District of Columbia)PAN-AMERICAN UNION Bureau (en) + Oficina de la UNIÓN PANAMERICANA (es) + Bureau de l''UNION PANAMÉRICAINE (fr) + Escritório de UNIÃO PAN-AMERICANA (pt)  (Washington-District of Columbia) DG Leo Rowe (us)
PANEUROPA
Organisation
PANEUROPEAN Movement : Paneuropean Union in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia)PAN-EUROPA Einigungsbewegung (de) + PANEUROPEAN Movement : Paneuropean Union in Exile (en) + Mouvement PANEUROPÉEN : Union Paneuropéenne en Exil (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Count Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi (fr)
UNITED NATIONS
Organisation
UNITED NATIONS of The Allied Powers  (Washington-District of Columbia)UNITED NATIONS of The Allied Powers (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Four Policemen
UNRRA
Organisation
Agreement for United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Agreement for United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration : UNRRA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President Franklin Delano Roosevelt

11 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)

- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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