1900-JAN-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALISED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


AMERICA
PCA Member
United States of America : USA  (Washington-District of Columbia)United States of America : USA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia) President William McKinley
CANADA
De facto Semi-Independent
British Dominion of CANADA  (Ottawa)British Dominion of CANADA (en) + Dominion britannique du CANADA (fr)  (Ottawa) Queen Victoria
COSTA RICA
De facto Independent
Republic of COSTA RICA  (San Jose)República de COSTA RICA (es)  (San José) President Rafael Yglesias Castro
DOMINICAN
De facto Independent
DOMINICAN Republic  (Santo Domingo)República DOMINICANA (es)  (Santo Domingo) President Juan Isidro Jimenes
GUATEMALA
De facto Independent
Republic of GUATEMALA  (Guatemala City)República de GUATEMALA (es)  (Ciudad de La Nueva Guatemala de La Asunción) President Manuel Jose Estrada
HAYTI
De facto Independent
Republic of HAYTI  (Port Au Prince)Repiblik dAYTI (ht) + République d''HAÏTI (fr)  (Pòtoprens) President Tiresias Simon-Sam
HONDURAS
De facto Independent
Republic of HONDURAS  (Tegucigalpa)República de HONDURAS (es)  (Tegucigalpa) President Terencio Sierra Romero
MEXICO
De facto Independent
United Mexican States : MEXICO  (Mexico City)Estados Unidos Méxicanos : MÉXICO (es)  (Ciudad de México) President Porfirio Diaz
NICARAGUA
De facto Independent
Republic of NICARAGUA  (Managua)República de NICARAGUA (es)  (Santiago de Managua) President Jose Santos Zelaya
SALVADOR
De facto Independent
Republic of SALVADOR  (San Salvador)República del SALVADOR (es)  (San Salvador) President Tomas Regalado

10 Polities (1 member of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


CHAN SANTA CRUZ
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Independent Mayan State of CHAN SANTA CRUZ [Pro-British Republic of Yucatan]  (Chan Santa Cruz)Noj Kaaj CHAAN SANTA CRUZ X-Baalam Naj (myn) + Estado de CHAN SANTA CRUZ (es)  (Noh Cah Santa Cruz Balam Nah Kampocolché Cah) Felipe Carillo Puerto
YAQUI
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Chiefdom of the YAQUI Tribe [Rebellion]  (Bacum + Vicam)Jefetura del YAQUI (es) + Yoeme HIAKIM (yaq)  (Bacum + Vícam) Chief Juan Maldonado Tetabiate

2 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates



0 Protected Entity


Federated & Regionalised Polities


AGUASCALIENTES
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of AGUASCALIENTES  (Aguascalientes City)Estado Libre y Soberano de AGUASCALIENTES (es)  (Ciudad de Aguascalientes)
ALABAMA
Federated
State of ALABAMA  (Montgomery)State of ALABAMA (en)  (Montgomery)
ANTIGUA
Federated
Presidency of ANTIGUA  (Saint John''s)Presidency of ANTIGUA (en)  (Saint John''s)
ARKANSAS
Federated
State of ARKANSAS  (Little Rock)State of ARKANSAS (en)  (Little Rock)
BARBADOES
Federated
British Crown Colony of BARBADOS  (Bridgetown)British Crown Colony of BARBADOS (en)  (Bridgetown)
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Federated
Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA  (City of Victoria)Province of BRITISH COLUMBIA (en)  (City of Victoria)
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
Federated
Territory of the BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS  (Road Town)Territory of BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS (en)  (Road Town)
CALIFORNIA
Federated
State of CALIFORNIA  (Sacramento)State of CALIFORNIA (en)  (Sacramento)
CAMPECHE
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of CAMPECHE  (San Francisco of Campeche)Estado Libre y Soberano de CAMPECHE (es)  (San Francisco de Campeche)
CHEROKEE NATION
Federated
CHEROKEE Nation : Cherokee Lands  (Tahlequah)CHEROKEE Nation (en) + TSALAGIHI Ayeli : ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ (chr)  (Tahlequah)
CHIAPAS
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of CHIAPAS  (Tuxtla Gutierrez)Estado Libre y Soberano de CHIAPAS (es)  (Tuxtla Gutiérrez)
CHICKASAW NATION
Federated
CHICKASAW Nation : Chickasaw Land  (Ada)CHICKASAW Nation (en) + CHIKASHSHA (cic)  (Ada)
CHIHUAHUA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of CHIHUAHUA  (Chihuahua)Estado Libre y Soberano de CHIHUAHUA (es)  (Chihuahua)
CHOCTAW NATION
Federated
CHOCTAW Nation : Choctaw Land  (Tushkahomma)CHOCTAW Nation (en) + CHAHTA (cho)  (Tushkahomma)
COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of COAHUILA OF ZARAGOZA  (Saltillo)Estado Libre y Soberano de COAHUILA DE ZARAGOZA (es)  (Saltillo)
COLIMA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of COLIMA  (Colima)Estado Libre y Soberano de COLIMA (es)  (Colima)
COLORADO
Federated
State of COLORADO  (Denver)State of COLORADO (en)  (Denver)
CONNECTICUT
Federated
State of CONNECTICUT  (Hartford)State of CONNECTICUT (en)  (Hartford)
CURACAO
Federated
Province of CURACAO  (Willemstad)Nederlandse Kolonie van CURAÇAO (nl)  (Willemstad)
DELAWARE
Federated
State of DELAWARE  (Dover)State of DELAWARE (en)  (Dover)
DOMINICA
Federated
British Colony of DOMINICA  (Roseau)Territory of DOMINICA (en)  (Roseau)
DURANGO
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of DURANGO  (Victoria of Durango)Estado Libre y Soberano de DURANGO (es)  (Victoria de Durango)
FLORIDA
Federated
State of FLORIDA  (Tallahassee)State of FLORIDA (en)  (Tallahassee)
GEORGIA
Federated
State of GEORGIA  (Atlanta)State of GEORGIA (en)  (Atlanta)
GRENADA
Federated
British Colony of GRENADA  (Saint George''s)Territory of GRENADA (en)  (Saint George''s)
GUANAJUATO
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of GUANAJUATO  (Guanajuato)Estado Libre y Soberano de GUANAJUATO (es)  (Guanajuato)
GUERRERO
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of GUERRERO  (Chilpancingo of the Bravo)Estado Libre y Soberano de GUERRERO (es)  (Chilpancingo de Los Bravo)
HIDALGO
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of HIDALGO  (Pachuca of Guerrero)Estado Libre y Soberano de HIDALGO (es)  (Pachuca de Guerrero)
IDAHO
Federated
State of IDAHO  (Boise)State of IDAHO (en)  (Boise)
ILLINOIS
Federated
State of ILLINOIS  (Springfield)State of ILLINOIS (en)  (Springfield)
INDIANA
Federated
State of INDIANA  (Indianapolis)State of INDIANA (en)  (Indianapolis)
IOWA
Federated
State of IOWA  (Des Moines)State of IOWA (en)  (Des Moines)
JALISCO
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of JALISCO  (Guadalajara)Estado Libre y Soberano de JALISCO (es)  (Guadalajara)
KANSAS
Federated
State of KANSAS  (Topeka)State of KANSAS (en)  (Topeka)
KENTUCKY
Federated
Commonwealth of KENTUCKY  (Frankfort)Commonwealth of KENTUCKY (en)  (Frankfort)
LOUISIANA
Federated
State of LOUISIANA  (Baton Rouge)State of LOUISIANA (en) + État de LOUISIANE (fr)  (Baton Rouge)
MAINE
Federated
State of MAINE  (Augusta)State of MAINE (en) + État du MAINE (fr)  (Augusta)
MANITOBA
Federated
Province of MANITOBA  (Winnipeg)Province of MANITOBA (en)  (Winnipeg)
MARYLAND
Federated
State of MARYLAND  (Annapolis)State of MARYLAND (en)  (Annapolis)
MASSACHUSETTS
Federated
Commonwealth of MASSACHUSETTS  (Boston)Commonwealth of MASSACHUSETTS (en)  (Boston)
MEXICO STATE
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of MEXICO : Edomex  (Toluca of Lerdo)Estado Libre y Soberano de MÉXICO : Edoméx (es)  (Toluca de Lerdo)
MICHIGAN
Federated
State of MICHIGAN  (Lansing)State of MICHIGAN (en)  (Lansing)
MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of MICHOACAN OF OCAMPO  (Morelia)Estado Libre y Soberano de MICHOACÁN DE OCAMPO (es)  (Morelia)
MINNESOTA
Federated
State of MINNESOTA  (Saint Paul)State of MINNESOTA (en)  (Saint Paul)
MISSISSIPPI
Federated
State of MISSISSIPPI  (City of Jackson)State of MISSISSIPPI (en)  (City of Jackson)
MISSOURI
Federated
State of MISSOURI  (Jefferson City)State of MISSOURI (en)  (Jefferson City)
MONTANA
Federated
State of MONTANA  (Helena)State of MONTANA (en)  (Helena)
MONTSERRAT
Federated
Commission of MONTSERRAT  (Plymouth)Territory of MONTSERRAT (en)  (Plymouth)
MORELOS
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of MORELOS  (Cuernavaca)Estado Libre y Soberano de MORELOS (es)  (Cuernavaca)
MUSCOGEE NATION
Federated
MUSCOGEE Nation : Creek Nation Land  (Okmulgee)MUSCOGEE CREEK Nation (en) + Este MVSKOKVLKE (mus)  (Okmulgee)
NEBRASKA
Federated
State of NEBRASKA  (Lincoln)State of NEBRASKA (en)  (Lincoln)
NEVADA
Federated
State of NEVADA  (Carson City)State of NEVADA (en)  (Carson City)
NEW BRUNSWICK
Federated
Province of NEW BRUNSWICK  (Fredericton)Province of NEW BRUNSWICK (en)  (Fredericton)
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Federated
State of NEW HAMPSHIRE  (Concord)State of NEW HAMPSHIRE (en)  (Concord)
NEW JERSEY
Federated
State of NEW JERSEY  (Trenton)State of NEW JERSEY (en)  (Trenton)
NEW LEON
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of NEW LEON  (Monterrey)Estado Libre y Soberano de NUEVO LEÓN (es)  (Monterrey)
NEW SPARTA
Federated
NEW SPARTA State  (La Asuncion)Estado NUEVA ESPARTA (es)  (La Asunción)
NEW YORK
Federated
State of NEW YORK  (Albany)State of NEW YORK (en)  (Albany)
NORTH CAROLINA
Federated
State of NORTH CAROLINA  (Raleigh)State of NORTH CAROLINA (en)  (Raleigh)
NORTH DAKOTA
Federated
State of NORTH DAKOTA  (Bismarck)State of NORTH DAKOTA (en)  (Bismarck)
NORTH GREENLAND
Federated
Northern Inspectorate of Greenland : Colony of NORTH GREENLAND  (Guthaven)NORDGRØNLANDS Inspektorat (da)  (Godhavn)
NOVA SCOTIA
Federated
Province of NOVA SCOTIA  (Halifax)Province of NOVA SCOTIA (en)  (Halifax)
OAJACA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of OAJACA  (Oaxaca of Juarez)Estado Libre y Soberano de OAXACA (es)  (Oaxaca de Juárez)
OHIO
Federated
State of OHIO  (Columbus)State of OHIO (en)  (Columbus)
ONTARIO
Federated
Province of ONTARIO  (Toronto)Province of ONTARIO (en)  (Toronto)
OREGON
Federated
State of OREGON  (Salem)State of OREGON (en)  (Salem)
PENNSYLVANIA
Federated
Commonwealth of PENNSYLVANIA  (Harrisburg)Commonwealth of PENNSYLVANIA (en)  (Harrisburg)
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Federated
Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND  (Charlottetown)Province of PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND (en)  (Charlottetown)
PUEBLA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of PUEBLA  (Puebla of Zaragoza)Estado Libre y Soberano de PUEBLA (es)  (Puebla de Zaragoza)
QUAPAW
Federated
QUAPAW Agency Lands  (Miami)QUAPAW Agency Lands (en)  (Miami)
QUEBEC
Federated
Province of QUEBEC  (Quebec City)Province of QUEBEC (en)  (Quebec City)
QUERETARO ARTEAGA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of QUERETARO ARTEAGA  (Santiago of Queretaro)Estado Libre y Soberano de QUERÉTARO DE ARTEAGA (es)  (Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Querétaro)
RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS
Federated
State of RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS  (Newport + Providence)State of RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS (en)  (Newport + Providence)
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS
Federated
Territory of SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS  (Basseterre)Territory of SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (en)  (Basseterre)
SAINT EUSTACE AND DEPENDENCIES
Federated
Dutch Colony of SAINT EUSTACE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Oranjestad)Kolonie van SINT EUSTATIUS EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl) + Dutch Colony of SAINT EUSTATHIUS AND DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Oranjestad)
SAINT LUCIA
Federated
British Crown Colony of SAINT LUCIA  (Castries)Commission of SAINT LUCIA (en)  (Castries)
SAINT VINCENT
Federated
British Crown Colony of SAINT VINCENT  (Kingstown)British Crown Colony of SAINT VINCENT (en)  (Kingstown)
SAN LUIS POTOSI
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of SAN LUIS POTOSI  (Saint Louis Potosi)Estado Libre y Soberano de SAN LUIS POTOSÍ (es)  (San Luis Potosí)
SEMINOLE NATION
Federated
SEMINOLE Nation  (Wewoka)SEMINOLE Nation (en) + SEMINOLE (mik)  (Wewoka)
SINALOA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of SINALOA  (Culiacan)Estado Libre y Soberano de SINALOA (es)  (Culiacán)
SONORA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of SONORA  (Hermosillo)Estado Libre y Soberano de SONORA (es)  (Hermosillo)
SOUTH CAROLINA
Federated
State of SOUTH CAROLINA  (Columbia)State of SOUTH CAROLINA (en)  (Columbia)
SOUTH DAKOTA
Federated
State of SOUTH DAKOTA  (Pierre)State of SOUTH DAKOTA (en)  (Pierre)
SOUTH GREENLAND
Federated
Southern Inspectorate of Greenland : Colony of SOUTH GREENLAND  (Godthaab)SYDGRØNLANDS Inspektorat (da)  (Godthaab)
TABASCO
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of TABASCO  (Villahermosa)Estado Libre y Soberano de TABASCO (es)  (Villahermosa)
TAMAULIPAS
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of TAMAULIPAS  (Victoria City)Estado Libre y Soberano de TAMAULIPAS (es)  (Ciudad Victoria)
TENNESSEE
Federated
State of TENNESSEE  (Nashville)State of TENNESSEE (en)  (Nashville)
TEXAS
Federated
State of TEXAS  (Austin)State of TEXAS (en)  (Austin)
TLAXCALA
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of TLAXCALA  (Tlaxcala of Xicotencatl)Estado Libre y Soberano de TLAXCALA (es)  (Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl)
UTAH
Federated
State of UTAH  (Salt Lake City)State of UTAH (en)  (Salt Lake City)
VERACRUZ OF IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of VERACRUZ OF IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE  (Xalapa-Enriquez)Estado Libre y Soberano de VERACRUZ DE IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE (es)  (Xalapa-Enríquez)
VERMONT
Federated
State of VERMONT  (Montpelier)State of VERMONT (en)  (Montpelier)
VIRGINIA
Federated
Commonwealth of VIRGINIA  (Richmond)Commonwealth of VIRGINIA (en)  (Richmond)
WASHINGTON
Federated
State of WASHINGTON  (Olympia)State of WASHINGTON (en)  (Olympia)
WEST VIRGINIA
Federated
State of WEST VIRGINIA  (Charleston)State of WEST VIRGINIA (en)  (Charleston)
WISCONSIN
Federated
State of WISCONSIN  (Madison)State of WISCONSIN (en)  (Madison)
WYOMING
Federated
State of WYOMING  (Cheyenne)State of WYOMING (en)  (Cheyenne)
YUCATAN
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of YUCATAN  (Merida)Estado Libre y Soberano de YUCATÁN (es)  (Mérida)
ZACATECAS
Federated
Free and Sovereign State of ZACATECAS  (Zacatecas)Estado Libre y Soberano de ZACATECAS (es)  (Zacatecas)

99 Federated or Regionalised Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ALASKA
District of ALASKA  (Sitka)District of ALASKA (en)  (Sitka)
ARIZONA
Territory of ARIZONA  (Phoenix)Territory of ARIZONA (en)  (Phoenix)
BAHAMAS
British Crown Colony of THE BAHAMAS  (Nassau)British Crown Colony of THE BAHAMAS (en)  (Nassau)
BERMUDA ISLANDS
Crown Colony of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS : Crown Colony of The Somers Isles  (Hamilton)Crown Colony of THE BERMUDA ISLANDS : Crown Colony of The Somers Isles (en)  (Hamilton)
BIRD ISLAND
United States Occupied Territory of BIRD ISLAND  (Aves)Territory of BIRD ISLAND (en) + Territorio de la ISLA DE AVES (es)  (Aves)
BRITISH HONDURAS
Crown Colony of BRITISH HONDURAS  (Belize City)Crown Colony of BRITISH HONDURAS (en)  (Belize City)
BRITISH LEEWARD ISLANDS
Federal Colony of THE LEEWARD ISLANDS  (Saint John''s)Federal Colony of THE LEEWARD ISLANDS (en)  (Saint John''s)
BRITISH WINDWARD ISLANDS
Federal Colony of THE WINDWARD ISLANDS  (Saint George''s)Federal Colony of THE WINDWARD ISLANDS (en)  (Saint George''s)
CANADIAN INDIANS
Reserves of CANADIAN INDIAN Bands  (Ottawa)Reserves of CANADIAN INDIAN Bands (en) + Réserves des Bandes INDIENNES CANADIENNES (fr)  (Ottawa)
COLUMBIA
District of COLUMBIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)District of COLUMBIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
COLUMBUS
COLUMBUS Territory  ((Caracas))Territorio COLÓN (es)  ((Santiago de León de Caracas))
CUBA
American Governorate of CUBA  (Havana)Governorate of CUBA (en) + Gobernación de CUBA (es)  (La Habana)
CURACAO AND DEPENDENCIES
Government-General of the Dutch Colony of CURACAO AND DEPENDENCIES  (Willemstad)Kolonie van CURAÇAO EN ONDERHOORIGHEDEN (nl)  (Willemstad)
DANISH WEST INDIES
Governorate-General of the DANISH WEST INDIES : Crown Colony of the Danish Antilles  (Charlotte Amalie)Generaldirektorat DANSK VESTINDIEN (da)  (Charlotte Amalie)
DE LONG ISLANDS
Archipelago of DE LONG ISLANDS  (Jeannette island + Henrietta Island)Archipelago of DE LONG ISLANDS (en)  (Jeannette island + Henrietta Island)
DIXON ENTRANCE
Disputed Zone of DIXON ENTRANCE  (-)Zone of DIXON ENTRANCE (en) + Zone de l''ENTRÉE DIXON (fr)  (-)
FRENCH SHORE
Treaty Shore Zone : FRENCH SHORE of Newfoundland  (Port Au Port)Zone du Traité de la Côte : CÔTE FRANÇAISE DE TERRE-NEUVE (fr) + Treaty Shore Zone : FRENCH SHORE (en)  (Port-au-Port)
GEORGES BANK
GEORGES BANK Area  (-)GEORGES BANK Area (en)  (-)
GREEN ISLAND
GREEN ISLAND Archipelago  (Green Island)GREEN ISLAND Archipelago (en) + Archipel de l''ÎLE VERTE (fr)  (Île Verte)
GREENLAND
Royal Danish Colonies of GREENLAND  (Godthaab + Guthaven)GRØNLANDS Kolonier (da)  (Godthaab + Godhavn)
GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES
General Council of GUADELOUPE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Basse-Terre)Conseil général de la GUADELOUPE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
ICELAND
Danish Territory of ICELAND  (Reykjavik)ISLAND Område (da)  (Reykjavík)
INDIAN TERRITORY
The Five Nations of THE INDIAN TERRITORY : Muskogee Union Agency  (Tahlequah)The Five Nations of THE INDIAN TERRITORY : Muksogee Union Agency (en)  (Tahlequah)
INDIANS OF AMERICA
Office of Indian Affairs : OIA  (Washington-District of Columbia)Office of Indian Affairs : OIA (en)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
JAMAICA AND DEPENDENCIES
British Crown Colony of JAMAICA AND DEPENDENCIES  (Kingston)British Crown Colony of JAMAICA AND DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Kingston)
KEEWATIN
District of KEEWATIN  ((Winnipeg))District of KEEWATIN (en) + District de KEEWATIN (fr)  ((Winnipeg))
LOWER CALIFORNIA
Territory of LOWER CALIFORNIA  (Mexicali)Territorio de BAJA CALIFORNIA (es)  (Mexicali)
MARTINIQUE
General Council of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France + Saint Pierre)Conseil général de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France + Saint-Pierre)
MEXICO CITY
FEDERAL DISTRICT of Mexico City  (Mexico City)DISTRITO FEDERAL de la Ciudad de México (es)  (Ciudad de México)
NEW MEXICO
Territory of NEW MEXICO  (Santa Fe New Mexico)Territory of NEW MEXICO (en)  (Santa Fe New Mexico)
NEWFOUNDLAND
Crown Colony of NEWFOUNDLAND  (Saint John''s)Crown Colony of NEWFOUNDLAND (en)  (Saint John''s)
NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES
Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES  (Regina)Federal Territory of THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES (en) + Territoire fédéral des TERRITOIRES DU NORD-OUEST (fr)  (Regina)
OKLAHOMA
OKLAHOMA Territory  (Guthrie)OKLAHOMA Territory (en)  (Guthrie)
PORTO RICO
United States Colony of PORTO RICO  (Saint John Porto Rico)United States Colony of PORTO RICO (en)  (Saint John Porto Rico)
SAINT ANDREW AND PROVIDENCE
National Territory of SAINT ANDREW AND PROVIDENCE  (Saint Andrew)Territorio nacional de SAN ANDRÉS Y PROVIDENCIA (es)  (San Andrés)
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON
French Colony of SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON  (Saint Pierre)Colonie française de SAINT-PIERRE-ET-MIQUELON (fr)  (Saint-Pierre)
SVERDRUP ISLANDS
SVERDRUP ISLANDS Group  (Axel Heiberg Island)SVERDRUPØYENE Gruppe (no) + SVERDRUPØYENE Gruppe (nb)  (Axel Heibergs Land)
TALAMANCA
Bribri Kingdom of TALAMANCA  (Bribri)Reino bribri de TALAMANCA (es) + TALAMANKA (bzd)  (Bribri)
TEPIC
Territory of TEPIC  (Tepic)Territorio de TEPIC (es)  (Tepic)
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
British Crown Colony of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  (Port-of-Spain)British Crown Colony of TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (en)  (Port-of-Spain)
WRANGEL ISLAND
United States Territory of New Columbia : WRANGEL ISLAND  (Ureliki)United States Territory of New Columbia : WRANGEL ISLAND (en)  (Ureliki)
YUKON
YUKON Territory  (Dawson)YUKON Territory (en) + Territoire du YUKON (fr)  (Dawson)
ZELAYA
Mosquito Reservation of the Department of ZELAYA  (Bluefields)Departamento de ZELAYA (es)  (Bluefields)

43 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


AMERICAN UNION
Organisation
International Union of AMERICAN Republics  (Washington-District of Columbia)International Union of AMERICAN Republics (en) + Unión Internacional de las Repúblicas AMERICANAS (es) + Union Internationale des Républiques AMÉRICAINES (fr) + União Internacional das Repúblicas AMERICANAS (pt)  (Washington-District of Columbia) Director William Woodville Rockhill (us)

1 Organisation or Grouping (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2021-APR-12.