1900-JAN-01



 ° SOVEREIGN & SEMI-INDEPENDENT POLITIES  ° PROTECTORATES & MANDATES  ° FEDERATED & REGIONALISED POLITIES
 ° TERRITORIES & DEPENDENCIES  ° REBEL ENTITIES & GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE  ° ORGANISATIONS & GROUPINGS


Independent & Semi-Independent Polities


ABYSSINIA
De facto Independent
Ethiopian Empire : ABYSSINIA  (Addis Ababa + Addis Alem)Ye-ITYOP''P''YA Mängəstä : የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት (am) + Negusa Nagast Mengisti ye-ITIYOPIYA : ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥቲ ዘ ኢትዮጵያ (gez)  (Addis Abeba + Addis Alem) Emperor Menelik II
ADAMAWA
De facto Semi-Independent
Fulbe State of the Lamidate of ADAMAWA Vassal of Sokoto  (Yola)Baban-Lamido ADAMAWA : اميدو أداماوا (fub)  (Yola) Lamido Zubeiru bi Adama
ADRAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of ADRAR [Spanish Protectorate]  (Atar)Emirat ADERER : إميرات آدرار (ar) + Emirato de ADRAR (es)  (Atar) Emir Shaykh al-Hasana
AIR
De facto Semi-Independent
Tuareg Berber Confederation of the Sultanate of Air : KEL AIR  (Agades)Kel Ayr : KEL AYAR - ⵅⴻⵍ ⵄⵢⴰⵔ (thz)  (Agades) Amenokal Muhammad al-Baqiri Sufu
ARO
De facto Independent
ARO Confederacy  (Arochukwu)Omu ARO-CHUKU (ig) + Omu ARO (ibb) + Omu ARO (etu) + Omu ARO (ijo) + Omu ARO (igl)  (Aro-Okigbo) King Aro
ASHANTI
De facto Semi-Independent
ASHANTI Empire [British Protectorate of Asanteman Confederation]  (Coomassie)Asanteman Confederation : ASHANTI Empire (en) + ASANTE Aman (tw)  (Coomassie) Opoku Mensa
AUSSA
De facto Semi-Independent
Afar Sultanate of AUSSA  (Aussa)Saltanat CANFARTA : سلطنة عفر (aa) + Saltanat AWSA : سلطنة عفر (ar)  (Awsa) Sultan Muhammad Illalta bin Anfari
BAGHIRMI
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of BAGHIRMI [French Protectorate of the Baghirmi Kingdom]  (Massenya)Sultanat du BAGUIRMI (fr) + Mbang TAR BAGRIMMA (bmi) + Sultanat BAQIRMI : سلطانات باقرمي (ar)  (Massenya) Sultan Abd ar-Rahman Gawrang II
BAROTZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND  (Mongu)British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND (en) + Mbumu wa Litunga ROZI (loz)  (Mongu) King Lubosi Lewanika I
BARWE
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of BARWE  (Vila Gouveia)Reino de BÁRUÈ (pt) + Balke : BARWE (bwg) + Balke : BARWE (sn)  (Vila Gouveia) King Felix de Sousa Gouveia
BAURE
De facto Independent
Hausa State of the Daura Sultanate of BAURE  (Baure)Sarkin Daura na BAURE : ساركين باور (ha)  (Baure) Sultan Abdu dan Habu
BRAKNA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of BRAKNA Confederation  (Aleg)Emirat AL-BRAKNA : الإمارة البراكنة (ar) + Confédération des BRAKNAKS (fr)  (Aleg) Emir Ahmad Wuld Sidi Ali II
BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA
De facto Semi-Independent
British South Africa Company : BSAC  (Salisbury)British South Africa Company : BSAC (en)  (Salisbury) Queen Victoria
CONGO
De facto Semi-Independent
Independent State of The Congo : CONGO FREE STATE  (Boma)État indépendant du Congo : État libre du CONGO (fr)  (Boma) King Leopold II
DAR GIMIR
De facto Semi-Independent
DAR GIMIR Sultanate Dependency of Dar Masalit  (Qanatir)Sultanat DAR KIMR : سولتانات دار كيمر (tma) + Sultanat DAR QIMR : سولتانات دار كيمر (ar)  (Qanâtir) Sultan Idris bin Abi Bakr
DAR MASALIT
De facto Semi-Independent
DAR MASALIT Sultanate [under Darfuri Suzerainty]  (Jebeil)Sultanat DAR MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (mls) + Sultanat DAR AL-MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (ar)  (Djebeil) Sultan Abbakar bin Ismail
DAR-KUTI
De facto Semi-Independent
Runga Sultanate of DAR AL-KUTI [French Protectorate]  (Ndele)Sultanat de DAR EL-KOUTI (fr) + Sultanat DAR AL-KUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (ar) + Sultanat DAR AL KOUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (rou)  (N''Délé) Sultan Muhammad al-Senussi
DAURA
De facto Independent
Hausa State of the Daura Emirate of DAURA  (Daura)Amirat DAURA : إمارة مصفى الدورة (ha)  (Daura) Emir Muhamman Mai Gurdo bin Muhamman Bello
DERVISHLAND
De facto Independent
DERVISH State  (Ilig)Dawlada DARAAWIISH (so) + Dawlat DARAWISH : دولة الدراويش (ar)  (Illig) Muhammad Abd Allah Al-Hasan the Mad Mullah
EGYPT
De facto Semi-Independent
Khediviate of EGYPT [British Occupation under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Cairo)Khedivate of EGYPT (en) + MISIR Hidiviyet-i : میصیر حیضیوییهتی (ota) + Khedivyat al-MISRIYYAH : الخديوية المصرية (ar)  (El Kâhire) Khedive Abbas II Hilmi Pasha
GANDO
De facto Semi-Independent
Fulbe State of GANDO Emirate  (Birnin Kebbi)Emirat GWANDU : إميرات غواندو (ff)  (Birni-n Kebbi) Emir Bayaro Aliyu dan Aliyu
GELEDI
De facto Independent
Sultanate of THE GELEDI  (Geledi)Saldanadda GELEDI (so) + Saltanat JALADI : سلالة غوبرون (ar)  (Jaladi) Sultan Osman Ahmed
GOBAD
De facto Semi-Independent
Afar Sultanate of GOBAD [Tributary of Aussa]  (Debne)GOBAQAD Soltaana (aa) + Sultanat de GOBA''AD (fr) + Sultanat DEBNÉ (am)  (Debné) Sultan Hummad Loitah
GOSHA
De facto Independent
Sultanate of GOSHA  (Mfudu)Sultanat GOSHA (xma)  (Mfudu) Sultan Nasib Bunda
HADEJIA
De facto Independent
Fulbe Hausa State of HADEJIA Emirate  (Hadeja)Sarkin HADEJIA : ايمارت هاديجيا (ha)  (Hadeja) Emir Muhammadu dan Haruna
HOGGAR
De facto Independent
KEL AHAGGAR Tuareg Confederation  (Abalessa)Kel UHAGGAR : ⴽⴻⵍ ⴰⵃⴰⴳⴳⴰⵔ (thv)  (Abalisa) Amenokal Aytarel ag Muhammad Biska
IGALA
De facto Independent
IGALA Kingdom : Idda State  (Idda)Ata IGALA : Idah (igl)  (Idda) King Oceje Onokpa om Amoceje
KANEM-BORNU
De facto Independent
Kingdom of KANEM-BORNU  (Dikwa)Imbraturiat KANYM-BURNU : إمبراطورية كانيم-بورنو (shu) + Sultanat KANEM-BORNOU : سلطنة كانم برنو (kr)  (Dikwa) Sultan Rabeh Fadlallah
KASANZE
De facto Semi-Independent
Luba-Sanga State of KASANZE  (Kasanzi)Estado de KASSANJE (pt) + Yaka KASANZE (sng)  (Kasanye) King Kandumba Kapenda kwa Mbangu
KEBBI
De facto Independent
Emirate of KEBBI : Argungu State  (Argungu)Sarkin KEBBI : Amirat Argungu - ساركين كيبي (ha)  (Argungu) Emir Muhammadu Ismaila dan Yaqubu Nabame
KELAFO
De facto Semi-Independent
Ajuran Sultanate of KELAFO  (Au Calif)Suldaanadda QALAAFE (so) + Saltanat QALAFO : سلطنة كيلافو (ar)  (Qalaafe) Sultan Olol Dinle
KOM
De facto Independent
KOM Kingdom  (Laikom)Fon KOM (bkm)  (Laikom) King Yuh I
KONG
De facto Semi-Independent
WATTARA Empire of Kong  (Kong)Empire OUATTARA de Kong (fr) + Fama KONG : کونگ بادشاہت (dyu) + Fama KONG (sef)  (Kong) Emperor Pinntie Ba
KONGO
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CONGO Vassal of Portugal  (Saint Salvador of the Congo)Reino do CONGO (pt) + KONGO dya Ntotila (kwy)  (São Salvador do Congo) Regent Henrique III Afonso Nteye Kpage
KUBA
De facto Semi-Independent
Confederation of the KUBA Kingdom  (Kamonia)Nyimi BUSHOONG (buf) + Royaume KOUBA (fr)  (Kamonia) King Mishanga Pelenge
LIBERIA
De facto Independent
Republic of LIBERIA  (Monrovia)Republic of LIBERIA (en)  (Monrovia) President William David Coleman
MAJERTEENIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Harti Sultanate of MAJERTEEN  (Bargal + Alula)Sultanato della MIGIURTINIA (it) + Saldanadda MAJEERTEEN (so) + Saltanat MAJERTAIN : سلطنة ماجرتين (ar)  (Baargaal + Aluula) Sultan Uthman III bin Mahamud
MASINA
De facto Independent
Fulbe State of MASINA  (Ke Macina)Ardo MASINA : عرضو ماسينا (ffm)  (Ké Macina) Ardo Muhammadu Ajibu bin Umar
MOGADISHU
De facto Semi-Independent
MOGADISHU Sultanate [Italian Leased Territory under the Suzerainty of Zanzibar]  (Mogadishu)Sultanato di MOGADISCIO (it) + Saldaanada MUQDISHO (so) + Sultanat MAQDISHU : سلطنة مقديشو (ar)  (Mogadiscio) Sultan Ahmad III
MOROCCO
De facto Semi-Independent
Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO [Alawite Sultanate of Morocco]  (Rabat + Fez + Meknes + Marrakesh)Ad-Dawlat al-MAGHRIBIYA ash-Sharifa : الدولة المغربية الشريفة (ar)  (Ar-Ribat + Fas + Miknas + Marrakish) Sultan Mulay Abdelaziz IV
MURI
De facto Semi-Independent
French Zone of Influence of the Fulbe State of MURI Emirate  (Hamarua)Emirat MURI : إمارة موري (ff) + Émirat de MOURI (fr)  (Hamarua) Emir Hasan dan Muhammadu Nya
NGABU
De facto Independent
Fulani Empire of NGABU  (Quebu)Farim N''GABU : کابو الإمبراطورية (fuc) + KAABU Mansaba (mnk)  (Kaabu) Alpha Musa Molo
NUPE
De facto Independent
NUPE State : Bida Emirate  (Bida)Etsu NUPE : Amirin Bida - أميري بدع (nup)  (Bida) Emir Abu Bakr dan Masaba
OBBIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Sultanate of OBBIA  (Obbia + Gallacaio)Sultanato di OBBIA (it) + Saldanadda HOBYAA (so) + Sultanat HOBYA : سلطنة هوبيو (ar)  (Hobyaa + Gaalkacyo) Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid
ORANGE FREE STATE
De facto Independent
Republic of THE ORANGE FREE STATE  (Bloemfontein)Republiek van ORANJE-VRIJSTAAT (nl)  (Bloemfontein) State President Marthinus Steyn
POTISKUM
De facto Independent
POTISKUM State  (Potiskum)Moi PATASKUM (ngi)  (Pataskum) King Bundi
REY-BUBA
De facto Independent
REY-BUBA Sultanate : Rey Buba Lamidate  (Rey-Buba)Lamido REI BUBA : اميدو بتصفح بوبا (fub)  (Rei Buba) Sultan Mallam Soule
SENUSSIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Independent SENUSSI Sheikhdom of Cyrenaica [British Sphere of Influence]  (Tayserbo)Mashaykat AS-SANUSIYA : مشيخة السنوسية (ar) + SIRENAYKA (ota)  (Tâzirbû) Sheikh Sidi Muhammad bin Sidi Muhammad al-Mahdi al-Senussi
SOKOTO
De facto Independent
Fulani Empire of the SOKOTO Caliphate  (Sokoto)Al-Khilafa al-BILAD AS-SUDAN : الخلافة البلاد السودان (ar) + Daular Khalifar SAKKAWATO : رثة الإمبراطورية سوكوتو (ha) + Saltanat SOKOTO : سلطنة سوكوتو (ff)  (Sokoto) Sultan Abd ar-Rahman dan Abi Bakar
SONGHAY
De facto Independent
SONGHAY State  (Lulama)Askya SONRHAI : اسقيا سونرهاي (ddn)  (Loulama) King Malla
SOUTH-AFRICA
De facto Independent
SOUTH-AFRICAN Republic : Transvaal Republic  (Pretoria)Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek : Republiek van ZUID-AFRIKA (nl)  (Pretoria) State President Paul Kruger
SWAZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of SWAZILAND [South-African Protectorate]  (Bremersdorf)Protektoraat van SWAZIELAND (nl) + Umbuso weSWATINI (ss)  (Bremersdorf) Queen Labotsibeni Mdluli
TAGANIT
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of TAGANIT Confederation  (Tijikja)Emirat TAGANT : إمرات تكانت (ar) + Confédération du TAGANIT (fr)  (Tidjikdja) Emir Bakkar bin Suwaydi Ahmad
TIBESTI
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of the Teda Confederation of TIBESTI  (Zouar)Mai TIBESTI : تبستي (tuq) + TIBASTI : تبستي (ar)  (Zouar) Derdo Guetty I
TORO
De facto Semi-Independent
TORO Kingdom [British Protectorate]  (Fort Portal)Kingdom of TOORO (en) + Omukama bwa TOORO (ttj)  (Fort Portal) King Kasagama Kyebambe IV
TRARZA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of TRARZA Confederation  (Rosso)Emirat TARARIZA : إمارة الترارزة (ar) + Confédération de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso) Emir Ahmad Salum Wuld Ali
TRIPOLITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Vilayet of TRIPOLITANIA : Tripoli Regency under Ottoman Suzerainty  (Tripoli of Barbary)Vilâyet-i TRÂBLUS GÂRP : ولايت طرابلس غرب‎ (ota) + Wilayat TARABULUS AL-GHARB : ولاية طرابلس الغرب (ar)  (Trablus-i Garb) Hacim Bey
TUNISIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Regency of TUNIS [French Protectorate of the Autonomous Tunisian Regency under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Tunis)Régence de TUNIS : Protectorat français de la Régence tunisienne (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Tunus) Ali III Muddat bin Al-Husayn Bey
ULUNDA
De facto Semi-Independent
ULUNDA Kingdom  (Musumba)Mwaanta Yava RUWUND (rnd) + Reino do ULUNDA (pt) + Royaume d''OULOUNDA (fr)  (Musumba) King Mushid I
UMBUNDU
De facto Semi-Independent
Ovimbundu States of UMBUNDU  (Bailundo)Estados MBUNDU DEL SUR (pt) + Ovimbundu : UMBUNDU (umb)  (Bailundo) King Hundungulu II
WADAI
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of WADAI  (Abesher)Kolak WADA''I : الوداي (mde) + Sultanat WADDĀY : سلطنة الواداي (ar)  (Abeshr) Sultan Ibrahim bin Ali
WESTERN MAURITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirates of WESTERN MAURITANIA [French Protectorate under Moor Suzerainty]  (Rashid)Émirats de MAURITANIE OCCIDENTALE (fr) + Al-Amarat MURITANIYAH AL-GHARB : الإمارات غرب موريتانيا (ar)  (Rashid) Sheikh Sidiya Baba
ZANGO
De facto Independent
Hausa State of the Daura Emirate of ZANGO  (Zango)Sarkin Daura na ZANGO : ساركين زانغو (ha)  (Zango) Sultan Tafida dan Nuhu
ZANZIBAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of ZANZIBAR [British Protectorate]  (Zanzibar Stone Town)Sultanate of ZANZIBAR (en) + Sultanat wa ZANZIBAR (sw) + Sultanat ZANZIBAR : سلطنة زنجبار (ar)  (Zanzibar Stone Town) Sultan Sidi Hamud bin Muhammad

64 Polities (0 member of the International Community)


Rebel Entities & Governments in Exile


ANTANDROY
De facto IndependentRebellion
Resistance of ANTANDROY Kingdom  (Faralambo)Fanjakan ANTANDROY (mg)  (Faralambo) King Rahosinta
BIJAGOS
Rebellion
Autonomous Islands of BIJAGOS  (Bubaque)Ilhas dos BIJAGÓS (pt)  (Bubaque) Chief of Bijagos
BIMAL
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
BIMAL Resistance of the Benadir Coast  (Merere + (Merca))Beesha BIIMAAL (so) + Banu JAMAL : بنو جمال (ar) + Tribù dei BIMAL (it)  (Merère + (Merca)) Sheikh Abdi Abikar Gafle
BONDELSWARTS
Rebellion
German Protectorate of the Namaqua Captaincy of Gaminun : BONDELSWART NAMAS  (Bondelswart)Protektorat Kapitän BONDELSWART (de) + Protektoraat Kapteinskap BONDELSWARTS (af) + Kapteinskap ǃGAMI-ǂNUN (naq)  (Bondelswart) Captain Abraham Christian
BUNDALAND
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Kingdom of BUNDALAND [Anglo-Portuguese Zone of Influence]  (Kangamba)Chuundi ca MBUNDA (mck) + Reino dos BUNDAS (pt) + Kingdom of BUNDALAND (en)  (Kalyamba) King Mwene Mbandu I Lyondthzi Kapova
BURUNDI
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Chiefdoms of BURUNDI  ((Usumbura))Staaten BURUNDI (de) + BURUNDI (rn)  ((Usumbura)) Chiefs Macoonco and Cyilima
DAR-FOR
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Rebellious Sultanate of DARFUR  (Reheid El Berdi)Sultanat DARFOR : سلطنت دارفور (ar) + Sultanat DAR FÒÒR : سلطنت دارفور (fvr)  (Reheid El Berdi) Sultan Sanin al-Husayn
DARFUR
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Emirate of DARFUR : Sultanate of Dar Fur  (El Fasher)Imarat DAR FOR : الإمارات للدار الفراء (fvr) + Imarat DAR FUR : الإمارات للدار الفراء (ar)  (Al-Fashar) Sultan Ali Dinar bin Zakariya
GROOTFONTEIN BASTERS
Rebellion
Chiefdom of the BASTARDS OF GROOTFONTEIN in rebellion  (Grootfontein)Kapitän GROOTFONTEIN BASTAARDS (de) + Kapteinskap GROOTFONTEIN BASTERS (af)  (Grootfontein) Grootfontein Basters
GUMMA
De facto Semi-IndependentRebellion
Giba State of GUMMA  (Gechi)Moti GUMA (kbr) + Moti GUMMA (om) + GUMA Mereti : ጎማ መሬት (am)  (Gechi) King Firisa Aba Fogi
KIKUYULAND
Rebellion
KIKUYU Rebellion  (Kia-Nyiri)KIKUYU Rebellion (en) + AGÏKÜYÜ (ki)  (Kia-Nyiri) Wangombe Wa Ihura
LABE
Rebellion
Autonomous Province of LABE  (Labe)Province du LÂBÉ (fr) + Diwe LABÈ (ff)  (Labè) King Alpha Yaya Diallo
MENABE
Rebellion
MENABE Region in rebellion  (Morondava)Région du MÉNABÉ (fr)  (Morondava) Chief Ingerezza
NANDI
Rebellion
Chiefdom of the United Nandi Clans : NANDI District  (Kapsabet)Chiefdom of the United Nandi Clans : NANDI District (en)  (Kapsabet) Chief Koitalel Arap Samoei
OUSSOUYE
Rebellion
OUSSOUYE Kingdom  (Oussouye)Royaume d''OUSSOUYE (fr) + USUY (eja) + USUY (csk)  (Oussouye) King Sihalebe
TAGAZAR
Rebellion
TAGAZAR Tuareg Chiefdom in rebellion  (Tabla + Kandi)TAGAZAR (ddn) + TAHARZERT (thz)  (Tabla + Kandi) Chief Atta
URUNDI
Rebellion
Kingdom of URUNDI  (Kitega)Ufaime wa URUNDI (rn) + Koningreich URUNDI (de)  (Kitega) King Mwezi IV Gisabo

17 Rebel Entities


Protectorates & Mandates


ADAMAWA
De facto Semi-Independent
Fulbe State of the Lamidate of ADAMAWA Vassal of Sokoto  (Yola)Baban-Lamido ADAMAWA : اميدو أداماوا (fub)  (Yola)
ADRAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirate of ADRAR [Spanish Protectorate]  (Atar)Emirat ADERER : إميرات آدرار (ar) + Emirato de ADRAR (es)  (Atar)
ASHANTI
De facto Semi-Independent
ASHANTI Empire [British Protectorate of Asanteman Confederation]  (Coomassie)Asanteman Confederation : ASHANTI Empire (en) + ASANTE Aman (tw)  (Coomassie)
BAGHIRMI
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of BAGHIRMI [French Protectorate of the Baghirmi Kingdom]  (Massenya)Sultanat du BAGUIRMI (fr) + Mbang TAR BAGRIMMA (bmi) + Sultanat BAQIRMI : سلطانات باقرمي (ar)  (Massenya)
BAROTZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND  (Mongu)British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND (en) + Mbumu wa Litunga ROZI (loz)  (Mongu)
BRITISH EAST AFRICA
BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate  (Nairobi)BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate (en)  (Nairobi)
BRITISH NIGERIA
Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria : BRITISH NIGERIAN Colonies  (Duke Town + Lagos + Lokoja)Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria : BRITISH NIGERIA (en)  (Duke Town + Lagos + Lokoja)
COASTAL KENYA
Coastal Domains of Zanzibar : KENYA Protectorate  (Mombasa)KENYA Protectorate (en)  (Mombasa)
DAR MASALIT
De facto Semi-Independent
DAR MASALIT Sultanate [under Darfuri Suzerainty]  (Jebeil)Sultanat DAR MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (mls) + Sultanat DAR AL-MASALIT : سلطنة دار المساليت (ar)  (Djebeil)
DAR-KUTI
De facto Semi-Independent
Runga Sultanate of DAR AL-KUTI [French Protectorate]  (Ndele)Sultanat de DAR EL-KOUTI (fr) + Sultanat DAR AL-KUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (ar) + Sultanat DAR AL KOUTI : سلطنة دار الكوتي (rou)  (N''Délé)
EGYPT
De facto Semi-Independent
Khediviate of EGYPT [British Occupation under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Cairo)Khedivate of EGYPT (en) + MISIR Hidiviyet-i : میصیر حیضیوییهتی (ota) + Khedivyat al-MISRIYYAH : الخديوية المصرية (ar)  (El Kâhire)
FRENCH SAHARA
Military Territories of FRENCH SAHARA [French Protectorate]  (Beni-Abbes)Territoires militaires du SAHARA FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Béni-Abbès)
GAMBIA
GAMBIA Protectorate  (Bathurst + Brikama)GAMBIA Protectorate (en)  (Bathurst + Brikama)
GOBAD
De facto Semi-Independent
Afar Sultanate of GOBAD [Tributary of Aussa]  (Debne)GOBAQAD Soltaana (aa) + Sultanat de GOBA''AD (fr) + Sultanat DEBNÉ (am)  (Debné)
KAZEMBE
British South Africa Company Protectorate on the Luba-Lunda State of KAZEMBE  (Mansa)KAZEMBE State (en) + Mwata KAZEMBE (sw)  (Mansa)
KONGO
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of CONGO Vassal of Portugal  (Saint Salvador of the Congo)Reino do CONGO (pt) + KONGO dya Ntotila (kwy)  (São Salvador do Congo)
KONNI
French Occupied Hausa State of KONNI  (Birnin-Konni)État haoussa de KONNI (fr) + Askya KONNI (ha)  (Birni-Nkonni)
MAJERTEENIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Harti Sultanate of MAJERTEEN  (Bargal + Alula)Sultanato della MIGIURTINIA (it) + Saldanadda MAJEERTEEN (so) + Saltanat MAJERTAIN : سلطنة ماجرتين (ar)  (Baargaal + Aluula)
MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES
French Colony of MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Dzaoudzi)Colonie française de MAYOTTE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Dzaoudzi)
MOGADISHU
De facto Semi-Independent
MOGADISHU Sultanate [Italian Leased Territory under the Suzerainty of Zanzibar]  (Mogadishu)Sultanato di MOGADISCIO (it) + Saldaanada MUQDISHO (so) + Sultanat MAQDISHU : سلطنة مقديشو (ar)  (Mogadiscio)
MOROCCO
De facto Semi-Independent
Sharifi Empire of MOROCCO [Alawite Sultanate of Morocco]  (Rabat + Fez + Meknes + Marrakesh)Ad-Dawlat al-MAGHRIBIYA ash-Sharifa : الدولة المغربية الشريفة (ar)  (Ar-Ribat + Fas + Miknas + Marrakish)
MURI
De facto Semi-Independent
French Zone of Influence of the Fulbe State of MURI Emirate  (Hamarua)Emirat MURI : إمارة موري (ff) + Émirat de MOURI (fr)  (Hamarua)
NKORE
British Protectorate of NKORE Kingdom  (Mbarara)Kingdom of NKORE (en) + Omukana bwa NKORE (nyn)  (Mbarara)
NORTH-WEST AFRICA
German Crown Land of NORTH-WEST AFRICA : German Protectorate of Northwest Africa  (Cameroon City)Deutsche Kolonie NORDWESTAFRIKA : Schutzgebiet NordwestAfrika (de)  (Kamerunstadt)
OBBIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Italian Protectorate of the Sultanate of OBBIA  (Obbia + Gallacaio)Sultanato di OBBIA (it) + Saldanadda HOBYAA (so) + Sultanat HOBYA : سلطنة هوبيو (ar)  (Hobyaa + Gaalkacyo)
SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Freetown)
SWAZILAND
De facto Semi-Independent
Kingdom of SWAZILAND [South-African Protectorate]  (Bremersdorf)Protektoraat van SWAZIELAND (nl) + Umbuso weSWATINI (ss)  (Bremersdorf)
TOGOLAND
German Protectorate of TOGOLAND  (Lome)Schutzgebiet TOGOLAND (de)  (Lome)
TORO
De facto Semi-Independent
TORO Kingdom [British Protectorate]  (Fort Portal)Kingdom of TOORO (en) + Omukama bwa TOORO (ttj)  (Fort Portal)
TRIPOLITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Vilayet of TRIPOLITANIA : Tripoli Regency under Ottoman Suzerainty  (Tripoli of Barbary)Vilâyet-i TRÂBLUS GÂRP : ولايت طرابلس غرب‎ (ota) + Wilayat TARABULUS AL-GHARB : ولاية طرابلس الغرب (ar)  (Trablus-i Garb)
TUNISIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Regency of TUNIS [French Protectorate of the Autonomous Tunisian Regency under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Tunis)Régence de TUNIS : Protectorat français de la Régence tunisienne (fr) + Al-Ḥimāyah al-Fransiyyah fī TŪNIS : الحماية الفرنسية في تونس (ar)  (Tunus)
UGANDA
British Protectorate of UGANDA  (Kampala)British Protectorate of UGANDA (en)  (Kampala)
UPPER VOLTA
French Protectorate of UPPER VOLTA  (Waghadugu)Protectorat français de la HAUTE-VOLTA (fr)  (Woghodogo)
WESTERN MAURITANIA
De facto Semi-Independent
Emirates of WESTERN MAURITANIA [French Protectorate under Moor Suzerainty]  (Rashid)Émirats de MAURITANIE OCCIDENTALE (fr) + Al-Amarat MURITANIYAH AL-GHARB : الإمارات غرب موريتانيا (ar)  (Rashid)
YAURI
Fulani Emirate of YAURI Tributary State of Gando  (Yelwa)Sarkin YAWURI : ساركين يوري (ff)  (Yelwa)
ZANZIBAR
De facto Semi-Independent
Sultanate of ZANZIBAR [British Protectorate]  (Zanzibar Stone Town)Sultanate of ZANZIBAR (en) + Sultanat wa ZANZIBAR (sw) + Sultanat ZANZIBAR : سلطنة زنجبار (ar)  (Zanzibar Stone Town)
ZINDER
French Protectorate of the Hausa Sultanate of ZINDER  (Damagaram)Sultanat de ZINDER (fr) + Sultanat DAMAGARAM : سلطانات دامامګرم (ha)  (Damagaram)

37 Protected Entities


Federated & Regionalised Polities


ABEOKUTA
Federated
City-State of ABEOKUTA  (Abeokuta)State of ABEOKUTA (en) + Alake ABEOKUTA (yor)  (Abeokuta)
ADANSI
Federated
Akan State of ADANSE  (Fomase Akyerekyere)Akan State of ADANSE  (Fomase Akyerekyere)
ADER
Federated
ADER Region  (Tahoua)Kel Ayr ADER - ⵄⴹEⵕ (thz)  (Tahoua)
ADO-ODO
Federated
ADO-ODO Area  (Igbesa)ADO-ODO Area  (Igbesa)
AGADES
Federated
Sultanate of AGADEZ  (Agades)Saltanat AGADES : ⵄⵖⵄⴹEⵚ (thz)  (Agades)
AL-BRAKNA
Federated
Emirate of BRAKNA  (Aleg)Emirat AL-BRAKNA : الإمارة البراكنة (ar) + Émirat de BRAKNAK (fr)  (Aleg)
AMUKRUZ
Federated
AMUKRUZ Region  (Tiourourt)Mintaqah AMUKRUZ : مينتاقات آلموكوروض (ar) + Région de l''AMOUKROUZ (fr)  (Tiourourt)
ANGOLA
Federated
Portuguese Crown Colony of ANGOLA  (Saint Paul of Loanda)Colónia Portuguesa de ANGOLA (pt)  (São Paulo de Luanda)
ANGOSHE
Federated
Makua Sultanate of ANGOSHE  (Angoshe)Sultanato de ANGOXE (pt) + Sultanat ANGOSHE (eko)  (Angoxe)
ANGRA
Autonomous District of ANGRA DO HEROISMO : Overseas District of Central Azores Group  (Angra)Distrito Autónomo de ANGRA DO HEROÍSMO (pt)  (Angra do Heroísmo)
ANJOUAN
Federated
Sultanate of ANJOUAN [French Protectorate]  (Mutsamudu)Sultanat d''ANJOUAN (fr) + Sultani cha NDZUWANI (wni) + Sultanat N''ZUANI : سلطنة نزواني (ar)  (Moutsamoudou)
ARO-OKIGBO
Federated
Igbo Kingdom of ARO-OKIGBO  (Arochukwu)Eze ARO-OKUGBO (ig)  (Aro-Okigbo)
ASANTEMAN
Federated
ASHANTI Kingdom  (Coomassie)ASHANTEE Kingdom (en) + ASANTE Aman (tw)  (Coomassie)
ASSABA
Federated
ASSABA Region  (Ehsseye Babou)Mintaqah EL-AÇABA : المنطقة العصابة (ar) + Région de l''AÇABA (fr)  (Hassi Babou)
AZAWAGH
Federated
Eastern Iuellemeden Tribes of AZAWAGH Region  (Abalagh + Tassara + Tchin-Tabaraden)Iwellemmedan Kel Denneg : AZAWAK - Iⵡⴻⵍⵍⴻⵎⵎⴻⴷⴰⵏ ⵅⴻⵍ ⴹⴻⵏⵏⴻⴳ : ⵄⵥⵄWⵄⵅ (ttq)  (Abalak + Tassara + Tchindabaraden)
BAHR EL GAZAL
Federated
BAHR EL GAZAL Province Division : Directorate of Bahr El Gazal  (Wow)Mudiria BAHR EL-GHAZAL : مديرية بحر الغزال (ar) + Mudirate of BAHR EL GAZAL (en)  (Waw)
BAILUNDO
Federated
Ovimbundu State of BAILUNDO  (Bailundo)Estado de BAILUNDO (pt) + MBAILUNDU (umb)  (Bailundo)
BANDA
Federated
Akan State of BANDA  (Dormaa)Akan State of BANDA  (Dormaa)
BANJO
Federated
Vute Lamidate of BANYO  (Banyo)Lamido BANYO : لاميدو بانيو (fub) + Lamido BANYO (pfe) + Lamido BANYO (vut)  (Banyo)
BANYO
Federated
Lamidate of BANYO  (Kontsha)Lamido BANYO : لاميدو بانيو (fub) + Lamido BANYO (pfe) + Lamido BANYO (vut)  (Kontsha)
BAROTZILAND-NORTH-WESTERN RHODESIA
Federated
British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND-NORTH-WESTERN RHODESIA  (Kalomo)British Protectorate of BAROTZILAND-NORTH-WESTERN RHODESIA (en)  (Kalomo)
BASUTOLAND
Federated
Colony of BASUTOLAND : British Residency Commission for Basutoland  (Maseru)Colony of BASUTOLAND : British Residency Commission for Basutoland (en)  (Maseru)
BAUCHI
Federated
Fulbe State of BAUCHI Lamidate : Bauchi Emirate  (Bauchi)Lamido BAUCHI : اميدو بوتشي (ff) + Lamido BAUCHI : اميدو بوتشي (ha)  (Bauchi)
BECHUANALAND
Federated
British Protectorate of BECHUANALAND  ((Mafeking))BECHUANALAND Protectorate (en)  ((Mafeking))
BEDDE
Federated
BEDDE State  (Gashua)Mai BÀDE : باده (bde)  (Gashua)
BERBER-SHENDI
Federated
BERBER SHENDI Province Division : Berber Directorate  (Berber + Shendi)Mudiria BERBER : مديرية بربر (ar) + Mudirate of BERBER SHENDI (en)  (Berber + Shendi)
BIHE
Federated
Ovimbundu State of BIHE  (Belmonte)Estado do BIHÉ (pt) + VIYE (umb)  (Belmonte)
BLUE NILE
Federated
BLUE NILE Province Division : Blue Nile Directorate  (Wad Medani)Mudiria AN-NYL AL-AZRAQ : مديرية النيل الأزرق (ar) + Mudirate of BLUE NILE (en)  (Wad Medani)
BONO-TEKYIMAN
Federated
Akan State of BONO-TEKYIMAN  (Tekima)Akan State of BONO-TEKYIMAN  (Tekima)
BORKU
Federated
Land of BORKU  (Faya)BURKU  (Faya)
BORNU
Federated
Kingdom of BORNU  (Dikwa)Shehu BORNU : شيهو بورنو (knc)  (Dikwa)
BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA
Federated
BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA Protectorate  (Zomba)BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA Protectorate (en)  (Zomba)
BRITISH SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Protectorate  ((Freetown))SIERRA LEONE Protectorate (en)  ((Freetown))
BUSHONGO
Federated
Kuba Kingdom of BUSHONGO  (Kamonia)Nyim BUSHOONG (buf) + Reino dos KUBAS (pt) + Royaume des KUBA (fr)  (Kamonia)
CAPE
Federated
Self-Governement of CAPE Colony  (Cape Town)CAPE Colony (en)  (Cape Town)
CHAHI
Federated
Teda Kingdom of NORTH-EAST TIBESTI  (Bardai)Derdï CHAHÏ (tuq)  (Bardaï)
DAHOMEY
Federated
DAHOMEY Colony  (Abomey)Colonie du DAHOMEY (fr)  (Abomey)
DARGOL
Federated
Songhay State of DARGOL  (Dargol)Askya DARGOL (ddn)  (Dargol)
DENDI
Federated
DENDI Kingdom  (Lulama)Askya DENDI (ddn)  (Loulama)
DONGOLA
Federated
DONGOLA Province Division : Dongola Directorate  (Donggola)Mudiria DONGOLA : مديرية دنقلا (ar) + Mudirate of DONGOLA (en)  (Dongola)
DWABEN
Federated
Akan State of DWABEN  (Ejisu)Akan State of DWABEN  (Ejisu)
EGBALAND
Federated
British Protectorate of the EGBA United Government  (Abeokuta)EGBA United Government (en) + Alake ABEOKUTA (yor)  (Abeokuta)
ENNEDI
Federated
Land of ENNEDI  (Fada)INNIDI  (Fada)
FASHODA
Federated
FASHODA Province Division : Fashoda Directorate  (Fashoda)Mudiria FASHAWDA : مديرية فشودة (ar) + Mudirate of FASHODA (en)  (Fashoda)
FERNANDO POO
Governorate of the FERNANDO POO Colony  (Santa Isabel)Colonia de FERNANDO PÓO (es)  (Santa Isabel)
FREETOWN
SIERRA LEONE Colony  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony (en)  (Freetown)
FRENCH GUINEA
Federated
FRENCH GUINEA Colony  (Konakry)Colonie de GUINÉE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Konakry)
FUNCHAL
FUNCHAL Overseas District of Portugal : Madeira and Porto Santo  (Funchal)Distrito do FUNCHAL : Madeira e Porto Santo (pt)  (Funchal)
GARUA
Federated
Fulbe Lamidate of GARUA  (Garua)Lamido GARUA : لاميدو غاروا (fub)  (Garua)
GOMBE
Federated
Fulbe State of GOMBE Emirate  (Gombe)Modibo GOMBE : موديبو غومب (ff) + Modibo GOMBE : موديبو غومب (ha)  (Gombe)
GORGOL
Federated
GORGOL Region  (Kaeaedi)Mintaqah KARKUL : منطقة كركول (ar) + Région du GORGOL (fr)  (Kaéaédi)
GORUOL
Federated
Songhay State of GORUOL  (Goruol)Askya GORUOL (ddn)  (Goruol)
GOURO
Federated
GOURO Land  (Gouro)GOURO  (Gouro)
GREAT COMORO
Federated
French Sultanate of GREAT COMORO  (Moroni)Sultanat de la GRANDE COMORE (fr) + Sultani Tibe wa NGAZIDJA (zdj) + Sultanat AL-QOMOR AL-KUBRAA : سلطنة القمر الكبرى (ar)  (Moroni)
GUETTY
Federated
Teda Kingdom of SOUTH-WEST TIBESTI  (Zouar)Derdï GUÉTTY (tuq)  (Zouar)
GUMBA
Federated
Ovimbundu State of GUMBA  (Gamba)Estado de GUMBA (pt) + GUMBA (umb)  (Gamba)
GUMMEL
Federated
Hausa State of the Emirate of GUMMEL  (Gummel)Masarautar na GUMEL : ماساروتار نا غوميل (ha)  (Gumel)
GYAMAN
Federated
Abron State of GYAMAN  (Drobo)Abron State of GYAAMAN   (Drobo)
HALFA
Federated
HALFA Province Division : Halfa Directorate  (Wadi Halfa)Mudiria HALFA : مديرية حلفا (ar) + Mudirate of HALFA (en)  (Wadi Halfa)
HORTA
District of HORTA : Overseas District of Western Azores Group  (Horta)Distrito da HORTA (pt)  (Horta)
HUAMBO
Federated
Ovimbundu State of HUAMBO  (Wambo)Estado do HUAMBO (pt) + WAMBU (umb)  (Wambo)
HUMBE
Federated
HUMBE Region  (Vila Pereira de Eca)Região do HUMBE (pt)  (Vila Pereira de Eça)
INCHIRI
Federated
INCHIRI Region  (Akjoujt)Mintaqat INSHIRI : منطقة إينشيري (ar) + Région d''INCHIRI (fr)  (Akjoujt)
IVORY COAST
Federated
French Colony of IVORY COAST  (Bingerville + Grand Bassam)Colonie française de CÔTE D''IVOIRE (fr)  (Bingerville + Grand-Bassam)
JAMAARE
Federated
Fulbe State of JAMAARE Emirate  (Jamaare)Amirat JAMA''ARE : أميرات جامعاري (ff)  (Jama''are)
JEMAAN DARORO
Federated
Fulbe State of JEMAAN DARORO Emirate  (Kafanchan)JEMAAN DARORO Emirat : جمعة الإمارة (ff)  (Kafanchan)
KALEMBE
Federated
Ovimbundu State of KALEMBE  (Kalembe)Estado de CALEMBE (pt) + KALEMBE ka Njanja (umb)  (Calembe)
KANEM
Federated
KANEM Kingdom  (Mao)KANEM : كانم (kbl)  (Mao)
KANO
Federated
Fulbe Hausa State of KANO Emirate  (Kano)KANO Emirat : كانو الإمارة (ha)  (Kano)
KASONGE
Federated
Ovimbundu Chiefdom of KASONGE  (Kasonge)Estado de CASSONGUE (pt) + Kasonge : KASONGI (umb)  (Cassongue)
KASSALA
Federated
KASSALA Province Division : Kassala Directorate  (Kassala)Mudiria KESSALA : مديرية كسلا (ar) + Mudirate of KASSALA (en)  (Kessala)
KATAGUM
Federated
Fulbe State of KATAGUM Emirate  (Katagum)Sarkin KATAGUM : ساركين كاتاغوم (ff)  (Katagum)
KATSINA
Federated
Fulbe Hausa State of KATSINA Emirate  (Katsina)KATSINAT Emirat : كاتسينا الإمارة (ha)  (Katsina)
KAZAURE
Federated
Fulbe State of KAZAURE Emirate  (Kazaure)Sarkin Arewa KAZAURE : الكوازار (ff)  (Kazaure)
KEFFI
Federated
Fulbe State of KEFFI Emirate  (Keffi)KAFI Emirat : كافي الإمارة (ff)  (Kafi)
KHARTOUM
Federated
KHARTOUM Province Division : Directorate of Khartoum  (Khartoum)Mudiria AL-KHURTUM : مديرية الخرطوم (ar) + Mudirate of KHARTOUM (en)  (Khartoum)
KIBULA
Federated
Ovimbundu State of KIBULA  (Kibula)Estado de QUIBULA (pt) + CIVULA (umb)  (Quibula)
KINGOLO
Federated
Ovimbundu State of KINGOLO  (Kingolo)Estado de QUINGOLO (pt) + CINGOLO (umb)  (Cingolo)
KITANGONYA
Federated
KITANGONYA Sheikhdom  (Nacala)Jequedo QUITANGONHA (pt) + Sheikh KITANGONYA (mgh)  (Nacala)
KOKORO
Federated
Songhay State of KOKORO  (Kokoru)Askya KOKORO (ddn)  (Kokoro)
KONTAGORA
Federated
Fulbe State of KONTAGORA Emirate  (Kontagora)Sarkin Sudan KONTAGORA : ساركين سودان كونتاغورا (ff)  (Kontagora)
KONTSHA
Federated
KONTSHA Lamidate  (Kontsha)Lamido KONJA (fub) + Lamido KWANJA (knp)  (Kontsha)
KORDOFAN
Federated
KORDOFAN Province Division : Kordofan Directorate  (El Obeid)Mudiria KORDOFAN : مديرية كردفان (ar) + Mudirate of KORDOFAN (en)  (El Obeid)
KUBAS
Federated
KUBA Kingdom  (Tshikapa)Nyimi BUSHOONG (buf) + Reino KUBA (pt) + Royaume KOUBA (fr)  (Tchikapa)
KUMAU
Federated
Akan State of KUMAU  (Kumau)Akan State of KUMAU  (Kumau)
LAFIA BERIBERI
Federated
LAFIA BERI-BERI State  (Lafia Beriberi)Dawlat LAFIA BAREBARI : لافیا البري البري (ha)  (Lafia Barebari)
LAGOS
Federated
LAGOS Colony and Protectorate  (Lagos)LAGOS Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Lagos)
LOGONE-BIRNI
Federated
Bornuan Territory of Kussur : LOGONE-BIRNI Sultanate  (Kussur)Sultanat LONGONE-BIRNI (kot)  (Qussur)
LOURENZO MARQUES
Federated
Portuguese Colony of LOURENZO MARQUES  (Lourenzo Marques)Colônia portuguesa de LOURENÇO MARQUES (pt)  (Lourenço Marques)
MAMBILA
Federated
MAMBILA Kingdom  (Somie)Mambere : MAMBILA (mcu)  (Somié)
MAMPONG
Federated
Akan State of MAMPONG  (Mampong)Akan State of MAMPONG  (Mampong)
MANDARA
Federated
MANDARA Sultanate  (Mora)Saltanat WANDALA : سالتنات واندالا (mfi)  (Mora)
MAYOTTE
Federated
MAYOTTE Protectorate  (Dzaoudzi)Protectorat de MAYOTTE (fr) + Jezirah MAYUT : جزيرة مايوت (ar) + Kisiwa cha MAORÉ (swb)  (Dzaoudzi)
MISAU
Federated
Bornuan State of MISAU Emirate  (Misau)Sarkin Bornu ta GABAS : ساركين بورنو تا غاباس (fuv)  (Missau)
MONOMUTAPA
Federated
KARANGA Kingdom of Mutapa : Monomutapa  (Zvongombe)Reino de KARANGA : Monomotapa (pt) + Mwene a MUTAPA : Munhu Mutapa (sn)  (Zvongombe)
MOZAMBIQUE
Federated
MOZAMBIQUE Company''s Territories of Manica and Sofala  (Beira)Territorios de Manica e Sofála da Companhia de MOÇAMBIQUE (pt)  (Beira)
NATAL
Federated
Self-Governement of the Colony of NATAL  (Pietermaritzburg)Colony of NATAL (en)  (Pietermaritzburg)
NDULU
Federated
Ovimbundu Kingdom of NDULU  (Andulo)Reino de ANDULO (pt) + Ondura : ONDULU (umb)  (Andulo)
NGALANGE
Federated
Ovimbundu State of NGALANGE  (Ngalange)Estado de GALANGUE (pt) + NGALANGI (umb)  (Galangue)
NGAUNDERE
Federated
NGAUNDERE Lamidate  (Ngaundere)Lamido N''GAUNDERE (fub)  (Ngaundere)
NJIMI
Federated
Kanuri Chiefdom of NJIMI  (Njimi)NDJMI : دجيمي (bms)  (Ndjimi)
NORTH-EASTERN ZAMBESIA
Federated
Administration of NORTH-EASTERN ZAMBESIA  (Fort Jameson)Administration of NORTH-EASTERN ZAMBESIA (en)  (Fort Jameson)
NORTHERN NIGERIA
Federated
British NORTHERN NIGERIA Protectorate  (Lokoja)British NORTHERN NIGERIA Protectorate (en)  (Lokoja)
NYASSA
Federated
NYASSA Company of Cape Delgado and Nyassa  (Ibo)Territórios de Cabo Delgado e Niassa da Companhia do NIASSA (pt)  (Ibo)
PONTA DELGADA
Autonomous District of PONTA DELGADA : Overseas District of Eastern Azores Group  (Ponta Delgada)Distrito Autónomo de PONTA DELGADA (pt)  (Ponta Delgada)
PORTUGUESE MOZAMBIQUE
Federated
MOZAMBIQUE Colony  (Nampula)Colônia de MOÇAMBIQUE (pt)  (Nampula)
PRINCE
Municipality of PRINCE  (Saint Anthony)Concelho de PRÍNCIPE (pt)  (Santo António)
QUIBANDA
Federated
Ovimbundu State of QUIBANDA  (Quibanda)Estado de QUIBANDA (pt) + CIVANDA (umb)  (Quibanda)
QUIYACA
Federated
Ovimbundu State of QUIYACA  (Quiyaca)Estado de QUIACA (pt) + CIYAKA (umb)  (Quiaca)
REGUEIBA
Federated
REGUEIBA Region  (Selibaby)Mintaqah AL-REGEIBAT : منطقة الرقيبة (ar) + Région de RÉGUEIBA (fr)  (Sélibaby)
RHODESIA
Federated
RHODESIA Protectorate  (Salisbury)RHODESIA Protectorate (en)  (Salisbury)
SAINT THOMAS
Municipality of SAINT THOMAS  (Saint Thomas)Concelho de SÃO THOMÉ (pt)  (São Thomé)
SAMBU
Federated
Ovimbundu State of SAMBU  (Samba)Estado de SAMBU (pt) + SAMBU (umb)  (Samba)
SANKUL
Federated
SANKUL Sheikhdom  (Mozambique Island)Jequedo SANCUL (pt) + Sheikh ya SANKUL (sw)  (Ilha de Moçambique)
SENEGAL
Federated
SENEGAL Colony  (Saint Louis of Senegal)Colonie du SÉNÉGAL (fr)  (Saint-Louis du Sénégal)
SENNAR
Federated
SENNAR Province Division : Sennar Directorate  (Sennar)Mudiria SINNAR : مديرية سنار (ar) + Mudirate of SENNAR (en)  (Sinnar)
SOKKOTO
Federated
Fulani Empire of the Sultanate of SOKOTO  (Sokoto)Saltanat SUQUTU : سلطنة سوكوتو (ar) + Sultanat SAKKAWATO : سلطنة سوكوتو (ha) + Saltanat SOKOTO : سلطنة سوكوتو (ff)  (Sokoto)
SOUTH ZAMBESIA
Federated
Protectorates of SOUTH ZAMBESIA  (Salisbury)Protectorates of SOUTH ZAMBESIA (en)  (Salisbury)
SOUTHERN NIGERIA
Federated
British Protectorate of SOUTHERN NIGERIA  (Duke Town)British Protectorate of SOUTHERN NIGERIA (en)  (Duke Town)
SUAKIN
Federated
SUAKIN Province Division : Suakin Directorate  (Suakin)Mudiria SEVAKIN : موديرات سواكين (ar) + Mudirate of SUAKIN (en)  (Suakin)
TAGANET
Federated
Emirate of TAGANET  (Tijikja)Emirat TAGANT : إمرات تكانت (ar) + Émirat du TAGANIT (fr)  (Tidjikdja)
TARARZA
Federated
Emirate of TRARZA  (Rosso)Emirat TARARIZA : إمارة الترارزة (ar) + Émirat de TRARZA (fr)  (Rosso)
TENERE
Federated
Tuareg Berber Tenere Sultanate of AIR  (Iferouan)Kel Ayr : KEL AYAR - ⵅⴻⵍ ⵄⵢⴰⵔ (thz)  (Iferouane)
TERA
Federated
Songhay State of TERA  (Tera)Askya TERA (ddn)  (Tera)
TIGNERE
Federated
TIGNERE Lamidate  (Tignere)Lamido TIGNERE (fub) + Lamido TIGNERE (knp)  (Tignère)
UPPER SENEGAL AND MIDDLE NIGER
Federated
UPPER SENEGAL AND MIDDLE NIGER Colony  (Kayes)Colonie du HAUT-SÉNÉGAL-ET-MOYEN-NIGER (fr)  (Kayes)
YOLA
Federated
Emirate of YOLA  (Yola)Lamido YOLA : لمده يولاه (fub)  (Yola)
ZAMBESIA
Federated
ZAMBESIA Company  (Quilimane)Companhia de ZAMBÉSIA (pt)  (Quelimane)
ZANFARA
Federated
ZANFARA Emirate  (Zurmi)Sarkin SANFARA : زامفارا (ha) + Sarkin ZAMFARA : زامفارا (ff)  (Zurmi)
ZARIA
Federated
Fulbe Hausa State of ZARIA : Emirate of Zazzau  (Zaria)Sarkin ZAZZAU : إمارة زاريا (ha)  (Zaria)

130 Federated or Regionalised Polities


Territories & Dependencies


ADJACENT ISLANDS
Adjacent Islands of MADEIRA PORTO SANTO AND AZORES  (Funchal + Porto Santo + Ponta Delgada)Ilhas Adjacentes da MADEIRA PORTO SANTO E AÇORES (pt)  (Funchal + Porto Santo + Ponta Delgada)
ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN
Condominium of ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN  (Khartoum)Condominium of ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN (en) + AL-SUDAN AL-MUSR YAL-ANGELAZY : السودان المصرى الإنجليزى (ar)  (Khartoum)
ASCENSION ISLAND
British Territory of ASCENSION ISLAND  (Georgetown)British Territory of ASCENSION ISLAND (en)  (Georgetown)
BIBEMI
BIBEMI Sultanate  (Bibemi)Sultanat BIBEMI  (Bibemi)
BRITISH EAST AFRICA
BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate  (Nairobi)BRITISH EAST AFRICA Protectorate (en)  (Nairobi)
BRITISH NIGERIA
Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria : BRITISH NIGERIAN Colonies  (Duke Town + Lagos + Lokoja)Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria : BRITISH NIGERIA (en)  (Duke Town + Lagos + Lokoja)
BUSONGORA
BUSONGORA Kingdom  (Muhokya)BUSONGORA Kingdom (en) + Omubiito bwa BUSONGOORA (sod)  (Muhokya)
CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
Portuguese Colony of CAPE VERDE ISLANDS  (Praia)Colônia das ILHAS DO CABO VERDE (pt)  (Vila da Praia)
COASTAL KENYA
Coastal Domains of Zanzibar : KENYA Protectorate  (Mombasa)KENYA Protectorate (en)  (Mombasa)
DAZA
Senussi Tubu Confederation of GORANES  (Faya)Teda DAZA (dzg)  (Faya)
DOSO
Djerma Kingdom of DOSO  (Doso)Royaume djerma de DOSSO (fr) + Jermakoy DOSSO (dje)  (Dosso)
ERITREA
Italian Colony of ERITREA  (Mitsiwa)Colonia italiana dell''ERITREA (it)  (Massaua)
FRENCH ALGERIA
Governorate-General of ALGERIA  (Algiers)Gouvernorat-général de l''ALGÉRIE (fr)  (Alger)
FRENCH CONGO AND DEPENDENCIES
Colony of FRENCH CONGO AND DEPENDENCIES  (Libreville)Colonie du CONGO FRANÇAIS ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Libreville)
FRENCH SAHARA
Military Territories of FRENCH SAHARA [French Protectorate]  (Beni-Abbes)Territoires militaires du SAHARA FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Béni-Abbès)
FRENCH SOMALI COAST
FRENCH SOMALILAND Colony : French Somali Coast  (Jibuti)Colonie de la CÔTE FRANÇAISE DES SOMALIS (fr)  (Djibouti)
FRENCH WEST AFRICA
Federation of FRENCH WEST AFRICA  (Saint Louis of Senegal)Fédération de l''AFRIQUE OCCIDENTALE FRANÇAISE (fr)  (Saint-Louis du Sénégal)
GALLA LAND
Ethiopian Territory of GALLA LAND  ((Moyale))GALLE Mereti : ጋላ መሬት (am)  ((Moyaalee))
GAMBIA
GAMBIA Protectorate  (Bathurst + Brikama)GAMBIA Protectorate (en)  (Bathurst + Brikama)
GERMAN BAROTZILAND
GERMAN BAROTSELAND Territory  (Itenge)DEUTSCH-BAROTSELAND Gebiet (de)  (Iteenge)
GERMAN EAST AFRICA
GERMAN EAST AFRICA Colony  (Daressalam)Schutzgebiet DEUTSCH-OSTAFRIKA (de)  (Daressalam)
GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA
GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA Crown Colony  (Windhuk)Kronkolonie von DEUTSCH-SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhuk)
GOLD COAST
GOLD COAST Colony  (Accra)GOLD COAST Colony (en)  (Accra)
GULF OF GUINEA
Spanish Territories in THE GULF OF GUINEA  (Santa Isabel)Territorios españoles del GOLFO DE GUINEA (es)  (Santa Isabel)
HAMASIEN
Territory of HAMASIEN  (Asmara)HAMASENI Kilili : ሓማሴን ክልል (am)  (Asmera)
ILLUBABOR
ILLUBABOR Province [Administered by Shoa]  (Gorie)ILLUBABER Kilili : ኢሉባቦር ክልል (am)  (Gore)
ISLAND OF MALTA AND DEPENDENCIES
British Crown Colony of the ISLAND OF MALTA AND ITS DEPENDENCIES  (Valletta)British Crown Colony of the ISLAND OF MALTA AND ITS DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Valletta)
ITALIAN SOMALILAND
Governorate of ITALIAN SOMALILAND  (Mogadishu)Governatorato di SOMALIA ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)
JIMMA ABA JIFAR
Autonomous Giba Sultanate of JIMMA ABA JIFAR  (Jimma)Moti JIMA ''ABA JAFAR : ጅማ (am) + Moti JIMA ''ABA JAFAR : ጅማ (jnj) + Moti JIMMA ABA JIFAR (kbr) + Moti JIMMA ABA JIFAR (om)  (Jima)
JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND
French Leased Dependency of JUAN DE NOVA ISLAND  (Saint Christophe)Dépendance française de l''ÎLE JUAN DE NOVA (fr)  (Saint-Christophe)
KATANGA
Company of KATANGA  (Kambove)Compagnie du KATANGA (fr)  (Kambové)
KAZEMBE
British South Africa Company Protectorate on the Luba-Lunda State of KAZEMBE  (Mansa)KAZEMBE State (en) + Mwata KAZEMBE (sw)  (Mansa)
KONNI
French Occupied Hausa State of KONNI  (Birnin-Konni)État haoussa de KONNI (fr) + Askya KONNI (ha)  (Birni-Nkonni)
LADO
Territory of LADO Enclave : Rejaf Enclave  (Rejaf)Territoire de l''Enclave de LADO (fr)  (Rédjaf)
LOGON
LOGON Territory  (Lai)Territoire du LOGONÉ (fr)  (Laï)
LOMAMI
LOMAMI Company  (Opala)Compagnie du LOMAMI (fr)  (Opala)
LWIMBI
Chokwe State of LWIMBI  (Lwimbi)Luimbi : LWIMBI (lum) + Estado de LUIMBE (pt)  (Luimbe)
MADAGASCAR AND DEPENDENCIES
Governorate-General of the FRENCH MADAGASCAR Colony  (Tananarive)Colonie française de MADAGASCAR (fr)  (Tananarive)
MARADI
Katsina Hausa State of MARADI  (Maradi)État haoussa katsinais de MARADI (fr) + Sarkin Katsina MARADI : ساركين كاتسينا مرادي (ha)  (Maradi)
MARUA
MARUA Sultanate  (Marua)Sultanat MARUA : سلطنة مروة (fub)  (Marua)
MAURITIUS AND DEPENDENCIES
British Colony of THE MAURITIUS AND ITS DEPENDENCIES  (Port Louis)British Colony of THE MAURITIUS AND ITS DEPENDENCIES (en)  (Port Louis)
MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES
French Colony of MAYOTTE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Dzaoudzi)Colonie française de MAYOTTE ET DÉPENDANCES (fr)  (Dzaoudzi)
MBAMU ISLAND
Neutral Zone of MBAMU ISLAND  (Mbamu)Zone neutre de M''BAMOU (fr)  (M''bamou)
MIDDLE SHARI
MIDDLE SHARI Territory  (Kokaga)Territoire du MOYEN-CHARI (fr)  (Kokaga)
MUBI
Fulbe State of MUBI  (Mubi)Emirat MUBI : إميرات موبي (ff) + Emirat MUBI : إميرات موبي (ar)  (Mubi)
NKORE
British Protectorate of NKORE Kingdom  (Mbarara)Kingdom of NKORE (en) + Omukana bwa NKORE (nyn)  (Mbarara)
NORTH AFRICA
Spanish General Captaincy of NORTH AFRICA  (Ceuta + Melilla)Capitanía General de las Posesiones de ÁFRICA DEL NORTE (es)  (Ceuta + Melilla)
NORTH-WEST AFRICA
German Crown Land of NORTH-WEST AFRICA : German Protectorate of Northwest Africa  (Cameroon City)Deutsche Kolonie NORDWESTAFRIKA : Schutzgebiet NordwestAfrika (de)  (Kamerunstadt)
PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA
Governorate-General of the PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA Colony  (Lourenzo Marques)Colônia de ÁFRICA ORIENTAL PORTUGUESA (pt)  (Lourenço Marques)
PORTUGUESE GUINEA
Colony of PORTUGUESE GUINEA  (Bolama)Colônia da GUINÉ PORTUGUESA (pt)  (Bolama)
PORTUGUESE WEST AFRICA
Governorate-General of the Crown Colony of PORTUGUESE WEST AFRICA  (Saint Paul of Loanda)Colônia de AFRICA DEL OESTE PORTUGUÊS (pt)  (São Paulo de Luanda)
REUNION
French Colony of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Colonie française de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de La Réunion)
SAINT HELENA
British Crown Colony of SAINT HELENA  (Jamestown)British Crown Colony of SAINT HELENA (en)  (Jamestown)
SAINT HELENA DOMAIN
French National Domain on SAINT HELENA ISLAND : Longwood House and Valley of the Tomb  (Longwood House)Domaine national de SAINTE-HÉLÈNE (fr)  (Longwood House)
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE
Portuguese Crown Colony of SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE  (Saint Thomas)Colônia da coroa portuguesa de SÃO THOMÉ E PRÍNCIPE (pt)  (São Thomé)
SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate  (Freetown)SIERRA LEONE Colony and Protectorate (en)  (Freetown)
SINAI
District of SINAI  (Sharm El-Sheikh)Mintaqah SINA : منطقة سيناء (ar) + District of SINAI (en) + SINA Yarımadası : سيناء (ota)  (Sharm El-Sheikh)
SMARA
Sheikhdom of SMARA  (Smara)Mashaykat ES-SMARA : المشيخة أسمرة (ar)  (Es-Smara)
SOUTHERN AFRICA
High Commission in and for South Africa : High Commission Territories of SOUTHERN AFRICA  (Cape Town)High Commission in and for South Africa : High Commission Territories of SOUTHERN AFRICA (en)  (Cape Town)
SPANISH WEST AFRICA
Territories of SPANISH WEST AFRICA  (Las Palmas of Great Canary)Territorios del ÁFRICA OCCIDENTAL ESPAÑOLA (es)  (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)
SUEZ CANAL ZONE
SUEZ CANAL Demilitarized Zone [Universal Suez Ship Canal Company]  (Port Suez)Universal Suez Ship Canal Company : SUEZ CANAL ZONE (en) + Compagnie universelle du Canal maritime de Suez : ZONE DU CANAL DE SUEZ (fr)  (Port Suez)
TAGAZAR
Rebellion
TAGAZAR Tuareg Chiefdom in rebellion  (Tabla + Kandi)TAGAZAR (ddn) + TAHARZERT (thz)  (Tabla + Kandi)
TANGANYIKA
TANGANYIKA Concessions  (Pweto)TANGANYIKA Concessions (en)  (Pweto)
TIBATI
Vute Lamidate of TIBATI  (Tibati)Lamido TIBATI (fub) + Lamido TIBATI (vut)  (Tibati)
TIGRE
Province of the Principality of TIGRE  (Mekele)Gizati TƏGRAY : ግዛት ትግራይ (gez) + TIGRĀY Gizati : ትግራይ ግዛት (am)  (Mek''elē)
TOGOLAND
German Protectorate of TOGOLAND  (Lome)Schutzgebiet TOGOLAND (de)  (Lome)
TRISTAN DA CUNHA
British Territory of TRISTAN DA CUNHA Group of Islands  (Edinburgh of The Seven Seas)British Territory of TRISTAN DA CUNHA Group of Islands (en)  (Edinburgh of The Seven Seas)
UGANDA
British Protectorate of UGANDA  (Kampala)British Protectorate of UGANDA (en)  (Kampala)
UPPER SHARI
UPPER SHARI Civil Region  (Fort Crampel)Région civile du HAUT-CHARI (fr)  (Fort-Crampel)
UPPER VOLTA
French Protectorate of UPPER VOLTA  (Waghadugu)Protectorat français de la HAUTE-VOLTA (fr)  (Woghodogo)
WOLAYTA
Kingdom of the State of WOLAYTA  (Sodo)Kawa WALAYTA (om) + WELAYITA Mengisti : ወላይታ መንግሥት (am)  (Sodo)
YAURI
Fulani Emirate of YAURI Tributary State of Gando  (Yelwa)Sarkin YAWURI : ساركين يوري (ff)  (Yelwa)
ZINDER
French Protectorate of the Hausa Sultanate of ZINDER  (Damagaram)Sultanat de ZINDER (fr) + Sultanat DAMAGARAM : سلطانات دامامګرم (ha)  (Damagaram)

73 Territories & Dependencies



International Organisations or Groupings (selective list)


BRITISH WEST AFRICA
Organisation
BRITISH WEST AFRICAN Territories  (Lagos + Freetown + Bathurst + Accra)BRITISH WEST AFRICAN Territories (en)  (Lagos + Freetown + Bathurst + Accra) Queen Victoria
MOROCCO-AMERICA
Organisation
MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship  (Rabat + Washington-District of Columbia)MOROCCAN-AMERICAN Treaty of Friendship (en) + Mueahadat al-Sadaqat AL-MAGHRIBAT AL-''AMRIKIA : معاهدة الصداقة المغربية الأمريكية (ar)  (Ar-Ribat + Washington-District of Columbia) Chiefs of States
ORIENTAL ORTHODOXISM
Organisation
Old Oriental Churches : ORIENTAL ORTHODOX Churches  (Alexandria + Echmiadzin)AREVELYAN UGHGHAP’ARR yekeghets’iner : ԱՐևԵԼՅԱՆ ՈՒՂՂԱՓԱՌ եկեղեցիներ (hy) + Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ (cop)  (Iskenderiye + Echmiadzin) Pope Cyril V (eg)
PAN-AFRICA
Organisation
PAN-AFRICAN Association  (London)PAN-AFRICAN Association (en)  (London) Henry Sylvester-Williams (uk)

4 Organisations & Groupings (selective list)

ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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