1900.ethnia.org
   1900.ethnia.org
 

2018-MAY-16

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Country & Territories (list based on ISO 3166-1 codes with minor exceptions for the year 2018)
In italic * Countries that have been supervised by, or member or observer of PCA, LON or UNO

Countries, Territories and their administrative divisions in the 20th century - ethnia.org -

Afghanistan
Aland (Finland)
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa (United States)
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla (United Kingdom)
Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentine
Armenia
Aruba (Netherlands)
Ascension Island (United Kingdom)
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda Islands (United Kingdom)
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Bouvet Island (Norway)
Brazil
British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom)
British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Canary Islands (Spain)
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands (Netherlands)
* Catalonia
Cayman Islands (United Kingdom)
Central Africa
Ceuta and Melilla (Spain)
Chad
Chile
China
* China-Manchuria
* China-Peiyang
China-Taipei
Christmas Island (Australia)
Clipperton Island (France)
Cocos-Keeling Islands (Australia)
Colombia
Comoros
Congo-Brazzaville
Congo-Kinshasa
Cook Islands (New Zealand)
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao (Netherlands)
Cyprus
Czechia
* Czechoslovakia
 
 


* Danzig
Denmark
Diego Garcia (United States)
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican
Dutch Saint Martin (Netherlands)
 
 
 
 
 


* East Germany
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
European Union
 
 
 
 


Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)
Faroe Islands (Denmark)
Fiji
Finland
France
France Metropolitan (France)
Free Kashmir
French Guiana (France)
French Polynesia (France)
French Saint Martin (France)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (France)
 
 


Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar (United Kingdom)
* Gilgit-Baltistan
Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
Greece
Greenland (Denmark)
Grenada
Guadeloupe (France)
Guam (United States)
Guatemala
Guernsey (United Kingdom)
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
 
 


Haiti
* Hatay
Heard and MacDonald Islands (Australia)
* Hejaz
Holy See
Honduras
Hong Kong (China)
Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Iceland
Independent States
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man (United Kingdom)
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Jamaica
* Jammu and Kashmir
Japan
Jersey (United Kingdom)
Jordan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


* Kampuchea
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kosovo
* Kuban
* Kurdistan
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
 
 
 


Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
* Levant States
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
 
 


Macao (China)
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Martinique (France)
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mayotte (France)
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldavia
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat (United Kingdom)
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
 
 


Namibia
Nauru
* Nejd
Nepal
Netherlands
New Caledonia (France)
* Newfoundland
New Zealand
Nicaragua
* Nicaragua Sandinista
Niger
Nigeria
Niue (New Zealand)
Norfolk Island (Australia)
* North Caucasus
Northern Mariana Islands (United States)
North Korea
North Macedonia
* North Vietnam
* North Yemen
Norway
 
 
 
 
 


Oman
Order of Malta
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


* Pacific Islands
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom)
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico (United States)
 
 


Qatar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


* Rehoboth Basterland
Reunion (France)
* Rhodesia
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


* Saarland
Saint Barthelemy (France)
Saint Helena (United Kingdom)
Saint Kitts Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Salvador
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom)
South Korea
South Sudan
* South Vietnam
* South Yemen
* Soviet Union
Spain
* Spanish State
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Surinam
Svalbard (Norway)
Swatini
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
 
 


Tajikistan
* Tamil Eelam
* Tanganyika
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tokelau (New Zealand)
Tonga
* Trieste
Trinidad and Tobago
Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom)
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom)
* Tuva
Tuvalu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Uganda
Ukraine
* United Arab
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of America
United States Virgin Islands (United States)
United States Minor Outlying Islands (United States)
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
* Volga-Ural
 
 


Wallis and Futuna (France)
Western Sahara
* West Germany
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 


Yemen
* Yugoslavia
 
 
 


Zambia
* Zanzibar
Zimbabwe
 
 


 
 
 
 


   Notes:
   1900.ethnia.org is an essay, its goal is to try to find the countries, territories, governments, first-level administrative divisions and main international organizations that have existed during the 20th century. This is the 2nd version of the website that began in 1999. Loading pages is sometimes slow.
   Current depth of investigation: . [rose: country completed at level 2 (province, county, ...), red: level 3 (district, ...), white: level 1 only (region, federated State, ...)]

   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox
   For a personal reflection on the general representation of political entities, see the following link.



Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ

   Some sources:

   * World Statesmen, thanks to Ben Cahoon (US): historical polities and their rulers.
   * Statoids, thanks to Gwillim Law (US): historical administrative divisions.
   * FOTW, thanks to Rob Raeside (CA): flags. (the link given is from my mirror of this site)
   * Heraldry of the World, maintained by Ralf Hartemink (NL): coat of arms.
   * Rulers.org", thanks to Benjamin Schemmel (DE): photos of rulers.
   * "World Paper Money", ed. Krause (US): historical currencies.
   * World History at KMLA", maintained by Alexander Ganse (DE): historical maps.
     For Europe, North Africa and Middle East, I have been helped by the Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US).
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, maintained by Jacques Leclerc (CA): linguistical politics by country.
   * Population Statistics, maintained by Jan Lahmeyer (NL): historical evolution of the population.

   Many data have also been found on Wikipedia, Google Books and other online websites.
   Some of the flags and coat of arms are drawn by myself according to descriptions, stamps, banknotes or other admninistative supports of symbol.

   More complete TODO list and sources by countries.

Any suggestion, correction, addition is welcome and can be sent to .


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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2017-DEC-02.